Unit II Article Critique

timer Asked: Jul 24th, 2014

**Here is the article to use for the article critique** Title:The next generation of recruitment is here: an intelligence-driven end-to-end approach defines new recruitment methods Author(s):Helen West Source:Applied Clinical Trials. 19.3 (Mar. 2010): pS4. Document Type:Article Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2010 Advanstar Communications, Inc. http://www.advanstar.com Full Text: I was recently asked if patient recruitment is getting smarter. A tough question but one that everyone responsible for recruitment needs to be continually asking. Important evolution has taken place in the patient recruitment landscape. Strategies are being implemented in ways that are increasingly better suited to the particular needs of not just a given trial, but to individual sites. Outreach tactics have become more specific by orders of magnitude. Many study sponsors are showing that they understand the importance of feeding outcomes back to recruitment groups so that metrics can be captured and used to improve performance. A growing group of sponsors also demonstrates a commitment to incorporating best recruitment practices into their standard operations and consistently including recruitment resources in their program plans to avoid rescue scenarios. There are strong indications that these behaviors will expand as study teams experience their positive impact on performance. Patient recruitment is getting smarter. In fact, the use of intelligence derived from a host of data sources is introducing a new generation of recruitment that has the potential to significantly reshape how we think about and approach the entire patient recruitment continuum, from protocol feasibility, through site identification, to fueling recruitment. Here is a tour of an intelligence-driven end-to-end recruitment methodology that is driving recruitment performance to new heights. Data Types and Sources The following are some data categories that can contribute to analyses that inform the feasibility, site identification, and recruitment continuum: * Health care claims data * Pharmacy data * Electronic medical records * Laboratory testing data * Disease incidence/prevalence data * Consumer data * Media exposure data * Historical trial data Some are public data and others can be purchased in various configurations at a range of cost points. Some are available only in the United States and others can be obtained by country. Depending on the data constellation and acquisition strategy, certain data types can be linked at the physician or patient level in support of all three phases of the continuum. Examples of highly specific questions that can be answered using combined data sets include: * How many patients with disease X are taking medication Y in a radius of Z miles around study center 1? * What countries have both the most patients with condition X and have performed well in similar past trials for indication Y? * Which nonresearch physicians around study center 1 have the most patients with condition X, and which of these have an existing referral pathway to a given PI? * Which newspapers and TV and radio stations are most popular with study population X in market Y? * Which potential PIs have privileges at hospital X, or at the most local hospitals? * Which PIs have the most access to patients with condition X who are of a certain ethnicity? * What is the predominant first-line therapy at center X for cancer Y? * How many patients in a radius of X around study center 1 have certain risk factors for condition Y? [FIGURE 1 OMITTED] And the list goes on. Imagine the protocol amendments that can be avoided, the reduction in nonperforming sites that can be achieved, and the optimization of recruitment strategies that is afforded with this level of intelligence. But alas, data are data; and garbage in, garbage out. The trick is knowing which data to harvest, finding the best sources for it, and having tools to pull all the data together so it can be properly and efficiently analyzed. More Is More Applying health care claims and other data is not in itself new to the clinical trial space. Both marketing and clinical development teams have looked to prescription and procedure data to guide indication strategy, protocol development, and site identification. However, these assessments have been largely based on singular data sets, or small numbers of multiple data sets analyzed separately, to answer much higher level feasibility questions (how many patients have a condition and where are they clustered) and to provide basic site identification guidance (which physicians treat the most patients with condition X). With the exception of targeting outreach to high-density disease areas, data resources secured for feasibility and site identification have not been applied to recruitment strategies to their full potential. The integrity of feasibility and site identification analyses and the quality of the resulting decisions are strengthened by the integration of multiple types of supporting data. The challenge is getting the data to "talk" to each other. We need the ability to accurately and quickly mesh together and cross reference data sets with multiple differing attributes, and to tie medical care data with clinical trial intelligence and consumer data. Data aggregation experts have created a tool for these purposes specifically for clinical trials. The system also performs rapid "what if" scenario analyses to quantify the impact on time and cost of study design changes (tweaking eligibility criteria) and site allocation options (take out China, add in Switzerland). The results are provided in many flavors of reports and visually depicted in maps to help teams see both the big picture and the critical details. Case studies show that this model is improving the recruitment outlook for trials. It is identifying sites that have greater recruitment potential for specific studies. The intelligence is also informing and accelerating the development of study-level and site-specific recruitment plans to pinpoint needs and maximize performance. Furthermore, some of the data sets, such as pharmacy data, are being used in the execution of highly specific outreach tactics. Looking Forward Despite the positive momentum, recruitment still suffers from late planning and insufficient resources. This thinking needs to be challenged for recruitment to advance. Recruitment is a critical component of study feasibility, not a by-product of that process. This end-to-end solution uncovers recruitment vulnerabilities early to improve performance from the top down. There is still no silver bullet for patient recruitment, and this model is not suited to every study. More experience is needed to guide best practices and define the cost-benefit thresholds for study types and therapeutic areas. Just as with the adoption of eCRFs and other clinical trial technologies, it's time for our practices to catch up with the tools and resources that have become available to us. The opportunity to be smarter is here. Helen West is vice president of strategic development with MMG, Rockville, MD 20850, email: hwest@mmgct.com. West, Helen Source Citation (MLA 7th Edition) West, Helen. "The next generation of recruitment is here: an intelligence-driven end-to-end approach defines new recruitment methods." Applied Clinical Trials Mar. 2010: S4+. Academic OneFile. Web. 22 July 2014. Document URL http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA225073576&v=2.1&u=oran95108&it=r&p=AO NE&sw=w&asid=e4d1fa4ca901ce21b31002d4f2a31ae0 Gale Document Number: GALE|A225073576
Here are the directions and information that should be in the essay. **please no plagiarism** Unit II Article Critique Use the CSU Online Library to locate and review a scholarly article found in a peer reviewed journal related to analyzing work, designing jobs, HR planning, or recruiting. In peer reviewed journals, the articles were reviewed by other professionals in the field to ensure the accuracy and quality of the article, which is ideal when writing an Article Critique. Research Tip: When researching using the databases, you can limit your search to only peer reviewed articles. To do this, look for the phrase “limit results,” and select “peer reviewed articles.” Once you have selected your article, follow the below criteria: There is a minimum requirement of 750 words for the article critique. Write a summary of the article. This should be one to three paragraphs in length, depending on the length of the article. Include the purpose for the article, how research was conducted, the results, and other pertinent information from the article. Discuss the meaning or implication of the results of the study that the article covers. This should be one to two paragraphs. This is where you offer your opinion on the article. Discuss any flaws with the article, how you think it could have been better, and what you think it all means. Write one paragraph discussing how the author could expand on the results, what the information means in the big picture, what future research should focus on, or how future research could move the topic forward. Discuss how knowledge in the area could be expanded. Cite any direct quotes or paraphrases from the article. Use the author's name, the year of publication and the page number (for quotes) in the in-text citation. Use APA format.

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