Week 4 Discussion 1
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Stages of Moral Development
Williams, C. R., & Arriago, B. A. (2012). Ethics, crime, and criminal justice (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Based on your readings for this week write a response in at least 250-300
words to the following prompt:
Chapter 7 introduces us to Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development. A
provocative question is whether the system of law enforcement should, on any
level, make distinctions between crimes motivated by more or less moral
interests. For example, should we consider persons who violate the law for
moral reasons less reprehensible and thus less legally blameworthy than others?
Consider and answer the questions regarding the following hypothetical cases
involving law-breaking behaviors
. Which, if any, of these behaviors are
immoral? Why? Based on Kohlberg’s model, at what level and stage of moral
development would you place the person(s) in the following scenarios?
- A recently laid-off husband and father of five steals
several food items from a local grocery store to feed his hungry children.
- A concerned mother drives 80 miles-per-hour in a
55-mile-per-hour zone to get her child to the hospital. The child has 104
- Two officers respond to the scene of a reported robbery
at a convenience store. While the first officer is interviewing the
victim, the second officer is observed by the first officer taking candy
without paying for it. The first officer does not say anything.
Now consider the following legal
behaviors. Which, if any, would you consider to be immoral? Why? Given
Kohlberg’s model of moral development, at what level and stage would you place
the actor in question?
- Passing by a dark alley late at night, a young man
witnesses what appears to be a rape in progress. As he is unsure what is
happening and somewhat afraid to get involved, he chooses to simply
continue on his way.
- A young couple has managed to accumulate $50.00 worth
of late charges at a local video store. Upon their next visit, the store
manager informs them that there has been a computer malfunction, resulting
in the store losing track of all late charges on customer accounts. The
manager asks them if they had any outstanding charges, to which the couple
Decisions that children make at
different stages of development, encouraging children to think about options,
outcomes and effects of a decision; at different stages of development, actions
are valued differently. In Kohlberg's third stage of moral development,
dilemmas are presented and teens are encouraged to think in terms of good and
bad motives that direct behavior. Introducing teens to dilemmas that involve
tough decisions and multiple levels of reasoning will help them to think beyond
simple obedience to rules of parents or
Kohlberg introduced the
utilization of dilemmas to
assist perceive the ethical choices that youngsters
create at completely different stages of
development, encouraging youngsters
to deem choices, outcomes and effects of a decision; at completely different stages of
development, actions ar valued otherwise.
please make sure all questions are answered thanks list references I usualy use two for this thanks