1. Watch the following short film, theory of mind.mov, which demonstrates the theory of mind using a juice box experiment.
At around four years of age, a fundamental change occurs in children’s
understanding of others’ behaviors or what is also called theory of mind.
Using your knowledge from our readings, watch the video to determine
which stage both Jacob and Patrick are currently in respectively.
Discuss both Jacob’s and Patrick's reaction to the "mean monkey." What
stage would Erickson say each child is in? How do these different stages
influence their values and attitudes? Do you think it is possible for a
child over the age of three to have trouble understanding that his or
her beliefs can be false? Explain your reasoning.
2. Regardless of a child’s unique qualities, one thing remains the same; to
improve learning and behavior, children must develop strong
self-regulation skills. Read the article from the National Association
for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), “Developing Young Children’s Self-Regulation Through Everyday Experiences.”
The marshmallow experiment is a famous test conducted by Walter Mischel
at Stanford University and discussed by Daniel Goleman in his popular
work. In the 1960s, a group of four-year-olds were given a marshmallow
and promised another only if they could wait 20 minutes before eating
the first one. Some children could wait and others could not. The
researchers then followed the progress of each child into adolescence,
and demonstrated that those with the ability to wait were better
adjusted and more dependable (determined via surveys of their parents
and teachers), and scored an average of 210 points higher on the
Scholastic Aptitude Test. Watch the video, The Marshmallow Test.
Reflect on the information in the NAEYC article, the video, and your
text and explain how toddlers with better self-regulation skills are
less likely to demonstrate behavior problems in preschool. Explain why
these self-regulation skills are so important and how you will promote
the learning of self-regulation. How will you deliberately teach
self-regulation as part of everyday experience? Share an example of your
own self-regulation skills that you can model for others.
Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length.