Ashford 5: - Week 4 - Assignment
Outline of the Final Paper
For this assignment you are to examine a topic of lifespan development
connecting research and life. Below is a list of topics from which you
are to select one for the Outline of the Final Paper and the Final
Paper. Make sure that the topic you select is different from the topics
you selected for the Week Two and Week Three assignments.
- What do twin and adoption studies tell us about the effects of
nature (i.e., genetic influences) and nurture (i.e., environmental
influences) on human development? Select at least one of the main
domains of human development (i.e., physical, cognitive, or
- How much credit or blame do parents deserve for the way we are?
Select at least one of the main domains of human development (physical,
cognitive, or social-emotional) for your answer.
- To what extent are the lives of adolescents and young adults shaped by parental and peer influences?
- Why do we have a need to belong (to affiliate with others)?
- How do our bodies and minds change from early to late adulthood?
- What are the factors that affect our well-being as middle aged and older adults?
- Why are some people attracted to members of their own sex whereas others are attracted to members of the opposite sex?
- How do memory and intelligence change as we age?
- Does an infant’s temperament shape his/her cognitive and socio-emotional development?
- Are babies pre-wired for survival?
- Are adolescents more likely to engage in risk-taking behavior than older adults?
- Can physical exercise affect cognitive performance in old age?
Consider the time of occurrence of physical exercise (i.e., earlier in
life or during old age) in your answer.
- Are there personality traits related to longevity?
- Does bilingualism improve brain functioning?
- Why do students in the United States tend to under-perform in math and science?
Once you have chosen your topic, examine the various theories of human
development learned in the course and choose one or two that best assist
you to understand the issues involved in your topic.
For this outline, address the following:
- Examine various theories of human development, describing
relevant terminology, and addressing how the theory assists in the
understanding of issues involved in the selected topic.
- Identify and describe at least two domains of human development
(physical, biological, emotional, cognitive, and/or social) and how they
are impacted by the chosen topic.
- Identify and describe the stages of development that are affected by the chosen topic.
- Describe the cultural and historical perspectives of the chosen
topic, demonstrating an understanding of how the topic has been
perceived over time and by other cultures. Provide relevant examples.
Writing the Outline for the Final Paper
- Must be two to three double-spaced pages in length (excluding
title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as
outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- Must include a title page with the following:
- Title of paper
- Student’s name
- Course name and number
- Instructor’s name
- Date submitted
- Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
- Begin with an introduction to the selected topic in which you define all concepts that will be discussed in the paper.
- For example, if you select “How do memory and intelligence
change as we age?”, as your topic, then you will need to define the
terms memory, intelligence and aging.
- Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
- Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
- Conclude with an answer to the selected question. Did the
evidence you surveyed answer the question satisfactorily? Include your
analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the available evidence.
- If possible, suggest the course that future research should take if answers to the selected question are less than conclusive.
- Must use at least five scholarly sources, all of which must come from the Ashford University Library or Google Scholar.
- It is important that you ask yourself if the articles
specifically address the selected topic. It is not always easy to find
the right articles. Thus, give yourself some time to search before you
finalize your selection.
- You may reference your textbook and other required materials
from the course; however, these will not fulfill the resource
- Must briefly summarize each article including the purpose of the investigation, its methodology, and results.
- If possible, select peer-reviewed articles that summarize
the evidence available in a given field of study (e.g., meta-analysis
combines the findings of different studies to uncover trends,
commonalities and differences).
- Order the articles in the way you think you will discuss
them in your paper. Then develop a summary of the scientific evidence
that answers the question you selected.
- Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- The reference section will be the final page of the paper.
Carefully review the Grading Rubric
for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.
In Ashford courses, there are two different ways to submit
assignments for grading. Depending on the system the course utilizes,
assignments will either be submitted via the classroom Assignment Basket