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FratBro23
Category:
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Question description

Lab Report      Name: ____________________

  Section: ___________________

EXPERIMENT: Centripetal Acceleration

DATA TABLE 1: (varying radius)

Constant hanging mass: _______ (kg)

Constant rotating mass (stopper): ___________ (kg)

Radius (m)

Variable

Time( s)

10 revs.

Time (s)

1 rev.

Circumference

2 π r(m)

Velocity (m/s)

(velocity)^2

(m2/s2}

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 4

Theoretical

Fc (N)

Experimental

Fc (N)

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 4

DATA TABLE 2: (varying hanging mass)

Constant rotating mass (stopper): ___________ (kg)

Radius (m)

Constant

Hanging

Mass (kg)

Time (s)

10 revs

Time (s)

1 rev

Circumference

2 π r(m)

Velocity (m/s)

(velocity)^2

(m2/s2}

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 4

Theoretical

Fc(N)

Experimental

Fc(N)

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 4

DATA TABLE 3: (varying rotating mass)

Constant hanging mass: _______kg

Radius (m)

Constant

Rotating

Mass (kg)

Time –sec

10 revs.

Time–

1 rev

Circumference

2 π  r(m)

Velocity (m/s)

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 4

Theoretical

Fc(N)

Experimental

Fc(N)

Trial 1

Trial 2

Trial 3

Trial 4

Plot the following graphs:

From Data Table 1: 

Radius vs. velocity

Radius vs. velocity-squared

From Data Table 2:

Centripetal force vs. velocity

Centripetal force vs. velocity-squared

From Data Table 3:

Rotating mass vs. velocity

Rotating mass vs. 1/velocity-squared

Questions:

A.What is the relationship between the radius and the velocity of the rotating object?

B.What is the relationship between the velocity of the rotating object and the centripetal force exerted on it?

C.The moon orbits the Earth at a distance of about 3.84 x 108 meters in a path that takes 27.3 days to complete. What is the centripetal acceleration of the moon?

D.What is the relationship between the mass of a rotating object and its velocity?

E.How would the shapes of the first two graphs change if the squares of the velocity were used?

F.When you swing a bucket of water up and down in a vertical circle you can keep the water in the bucket if you keep the velocity high enough. If you let the bucket slow down you get wet. The critical velocity is the slowest velocity necessary to keep the water in the bucket and not on you. What is the critical velocity for you if the formula is velocity = √(rg) where the radius of your arm swing including the bucket is r and g is the acceleration of gravity? Hint: You must measure or estimate the length from your shoulder to the center of the bucket for the radius.


Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) Daniel C.
(997)
School: UT Austin
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