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Definition of nation
Definition of state
Characteristics of states
Functions of the state
Distinctions between presidential and parliamentary systems
Distinctions between unitary and federal systems
Facts about laissez-faire systems (liberalism), welfare states (social democracy), mercantilism
(statism), and communism (socialism)
Facts about democracy, including its definition, positive versus negative connotations, different
types of democracy and their characteristics, and the fundamental principles of democracy
Characteristics of totalitarian states
Characteristics of authoritarian states
Definition of constitutions
Facts about constitutions
Functions of constitutions
Definition of constitutionalism
Distinction between unicameral and bicameral legislatures
Reasons why states have the type of legislature they have
Functions of legislatures
Order of the process in which a bill becomes law
Distinctions between descriptive and substantive representation
Distinctions between delegate and trustee models of representation
Functions of executives
Facts about executive terms
Facts about the approaches to executive leadership
Facts about executive power
Definition of bureaucracies
Weber’s characteristics of bureaucracy
Functions of bureaucracies
Distinctions between patronage and the merit system
Facts about the growth of bureaucracy
Know the types of law and what each consists of
Facts about the concept of justice
Facts about the adversarial and inquisitorial systems of justice
Facts about court structure generally and in the US
Functions of judiciaries
Definition of judicial review
Distinctions between judicial restraint and judicial activism
Areas in which the US Supreme Court has had a policy impact
Distinctions between the legal model and attitudinal model of judicial decision making
TRUE/FALSE: Know whether the following statements are true or false
The concept of the nation has a psychological and emotional basis rather than a legal or
Nations and states are essentially the same thing.
All states pursue the goals of security, stability, and prosperity, yet no state can fully achieve its
desired level on each of these major goals.
Democracy has always had positive connotations.
Right-wing totalitarianism tends to have a racist, anti-Semitic component.
Both totalitarian states and authoritarian states seek to control all aspects of life.
The legal relationship (de jure) between houses in a legislature is always the same as the
relationship in practice (de facto).
Most monarchs in hereditary monarchies today still play active roles in governing.
Generally speaking, presidents are directly elected by the people, while prime ministers are
selected by the majority party in the legislature.
Executive power is dominant in nondemocratic systems, but in many instances, the individual
who serves as the executive is more of a national leader than a true executive.
Administration is the implementation of public policy, and while it differs from country to
country, it is typically done through making regulations and spending money.
Most American bureaucrats have their jobs based on patronage rather than merit.
While many bureaucracies have the positive quality of efficiency, many suffer from the problems
of rigidity and resistance to change.
The American and British legal systems rely primarily on code law, while European court
systems rely primarily case on law.