1. The correlation between high poverty and low
educational level is _____________________.
2. Carl is under great stress, usually arriving at
work late, is often absent, and blames his unsatisfactory
home life and his coworkers for his problems and has lately
been complaining constantly about headaches and sleep loss.
His boss also notes Carl's poor work performance.
If Carl's situation continues to get worse, what
are two possible extreme diseases that may develop?
3. Leo works in a print shop, where print jobs often
arrive as "emergency" or "rush" jobs,
meaning he must constantly react to other people's
demands and has no control over his schedule. As a
result, he has developed high levels of stress over the
past year. Leo's problem is best explained by the
___________ model of stress.
4. Jason, a young lawyer in a prestigious law firm,
is anxious to get promoted, so he has begun working very
late every evening, taking work home over the weekend and
neglecting his wife and children. He is best
described as a _______________________.
5. Melanie is anxious to graduate, so she plans on taking
at least 4 to 5 courses each regular Fall and Spring
semester, plus 3 courses each Summer session.
However, after just 18 months she feels very tired,
depressed and stressed. Her academic counselor should
advise her that her stress problem is probably due to
6. After several disappointments in his romantic
life and two broken engagements, Mike is determined to
never get married. When he develops a relationship
with a new girlfriend, instead of a traditional courtship
and engagement, he proposes that they simply live together
to "avoid the stress and expense of getting
married." The arrangement he proposes is best
understood as ___________________.
7. Don, a traveling salesman, is very ambitious
about advancing in his career, so he works hard at it.
However, after only five years, he notes increased
tension and arguments with his wife, feels depressed, and
begins abusing alcohol and prescription drugs. He
also begins a sexual relationship with a co-worker.
His behavior is best explained by the characteristics
and symptoms shown in the
8. Lara, a part-time community college student, is
very stressed because she fears her financial situation is
out of control. She has no idea how she will pay for
the next semester, her apartment rent, books, new clothes,
a car payment and the Spring Break trip she hoped to take
with her friends to Mexico. Knowing only this, her
school counselor should advise her that a good starting
point in taking control of her financial situation is to
9. Martha, 83, has had a long and useful life
and she is concerned about minimizing the stress that her
family survivors will face when she passes away.
Martha says that if she is in a coma or vegetative
state at the end of her days, she wants no extraordinary
and expensive medical interventions to keep her alive when
the time comes. In Martha's case, she should be
advised to complete a _______________________.
10. Albert was forced to retire from his job as a
commercial airline pilot at age 65. He wanted to
remain useful and productive, so he looked for a job in
aviation that would let him keep using his talents and
experience. However, he became very stressed
when he realized that there seemed to be considerable
prejudice in the aviation industry against hiring older
persons, a concept best explained by the term
11. Often, counselors and psychologists try to convince
patients that, in order to solve or reduce their stress
problems, they should look at their problem in a different
way and change the way they think about it. This
approach is best described by the concept of a
12. The greatest single negative influence on
students' academic performance is reported to be
13. Roberta is determined to graduate from college in
three years, so she signs up for five on-line courses each
semester and two more evening courses at her local
community college. Within a year she feels depressed,
always tired and very stressed that her grades are getting
worse.. Her condition is best explained by the
concept of ______________________.
14. After having three children, Diane, age 44, is
determined to bring her weight under control. She
begins a carefully planned diet and workout routine. She
works out with her next-door neighbor Ellen whom she
considers to be a good role model, self-monitors her
behavior, and records her continuing weight loss. As
she succeeds, her self-confidence continues to grow.
Her belief that she can succeed in this effort is
best explained by the concept of
15. Louis finally quit his job as a bartender because he
said the late hours, overeating and drinking were ruining
his health. He was determined to change all his
behaviors at once and to lose fifty pounds in six months!
If he asked you for advice, you should advise him
that such drastic changes are difficult to maintain and
that instead, he should try to change his behaviors
gradually and consistently, a process known as
16. After two months of faithful yoga exercises, Gail
feels much better about her physical flexibility, posture
and muscle tone. She decides to reward herself with a
spa treatment. This type of tangible self-reward for
her behavior is best explained by the concept of
17. Don is a traveling salesman and often has very
little control over his weekly schedule. He is
very concerned about his continuing weight gain, poor
appetite and family stress, but he cannot think of any way
to make things better. The snags and situations that
interfere with his ability to make a plan for
self-improvement and behavioral change are best described
by the concept of ___________________.
18. Melvin, 21, graduated from high school just three
years ago, but admits he has always been a
"couch potato." He is grossly overweight,
has not exercised in years, and has already been warned by
his doctor that he should think about starting an exercise
program. Melvin asks you what specific exercise he
should start with. Considering his physical
condition, you should advise him that if he is serious
about exercising, he should start with what exercise?
19. Tom admits he had a rather wild and aimless youth.
However after marriage at age 34 and the birth of his
daughter, his view of life changed and he now feels a sense
of direction in his life and a connection to others.,
especially to his family's past and future. His
new view of life is best explained by the concept of
20. Carlos, unable to control his stress, often feels
tense and uneasy and has long been unable to control his
his unrealistic fears about school, work and family.
On his worst days, a times, he feels very numb,
sweats heavily and feels weak and about to faint. His
condition is best described by the concept of