timer Asked: Apr 23rd, 2013

Question Description

I’m stuck on a question and need an explanation.

1.  The correlation between high poverty and low educational level is _____________________. 

2.  Carl is under great stress, usually arriving at work late, is often absent, and blames his unsatisfactory home life and his coworkers for his problems and has lately been complaining constantly about headaches and sleep loss.  His boss also notes Carl's poor work performance.  If Carl's situation continues to get worse, what are two possible extreme diseases that may develop? 

3.  Leo works in a print shop, where print jobs often arrive as "emergency" or "rush" jobs, meaning he must constantly react to other people's demands and has no control over his schedule.  As a result, he has developed high levels of stress over the past year.  Leo's problem is best explained by the ___________ model of stress.

4.  Jason, a young lawyer in a prestigious law firm, is anxious to get promoted, so he has begun working very late every evening, taking work home over the weekend and neglecting his wife and children.  He is best described as a _______________________.  

5. Melanie is anxious to graduate, so she plans on taking at least 4 to 5 courses each regular Fall and Spring semester, plus 3 courses each Summer session.  However, after just 18 months she feels very tired, depressed and stressed.  Her academic counselor should advise her that her stress problem is probably due to _____________________.  

6.  After several disappointments in his romantic life and two broken engagements, Mike is determined to never get married.  When he develops a relationship with a new girlfriend, instead of a traditional courtship and engagement, he proposes that they simply live together to "avoid the stress and expense of getting married."  The arrangement he proposes is best understood as ___________________.

7.  Don, a traveling salesman, is very ambitious about advancing in his career, so he works hard at it.  However, after only five years, he notes increased tension and arguments with his wife, feels depressed, and begins abusing alcohol and prescription drugs.  He also begins a sexual relationship with a co-worker.  His behavior is best explained by the characteristics and symptoms shown in the ___________________________. 

8.  Lara, a part-time community college student, is very stressed because she fears her financial situation is out of control.  She has no idea how she will pay for the next semester, her apartment rent, books, new clothes, a car payment and the Spring Break trip she hoped to take with her friends to Mexico.  Knowing only this, her school counselor should advise her that a good starting point in taking control of her financial situation is to __________________.

9.  Martha, 83,  has had a long and useful life and she is concerned about minimizing the stress that her family survivors will face when she passes away.  Martha says that if she is in a coma or vegetative state at the end of her days, she wants no extraordinary and expensive medical interventions to keep her alive when the time comes.  In Martha's case, she should be advised to complete a _______________________.  

10. Albert was forced to retire from his job as a commercial airline pilot at age 65.  He wanted to remain useful and productive, so he looked for a job in aviation that would let him keep using his talents and experience.  However, he became very  stressed when he realized that there seemed to be considerable prejudice in the aviation industry against hiring older persons, a concept best explained by the term ______________________. 

11. Often, counselors and psychologists try to convince patients that, in order to solve or reduce their stress problems, they should look at their problem in a different way and change the way they think about it.  This approach is best described by the concept of a ___________________ intervention.  

12. The greatest single negative influence on students' academic performance is reported to be ____________________. 

13. Roberta is determined to graduate from college in three years, so she signs up for five on-line courses each semester and two more evening courses at her local community college.  Within a year she feels depressed, always tired and very stressed that her grades are getting worse..  Her condition is best explained by the concept of ______________________.  

14. After having three children, Diane, age 44, is determined to bring her weight under control.  She begins a carefully planned diet and workout routine. She works out with her next-door neighbor Ellen whom she considers to be a good role model, self-monitors her behavior, and records her continuing weight loss.  As she succeeds, her self-confidence continues to grow.  Her belief that she can succeed in this effort is best explained by the concept of  _______________________. 

15. Louis finally quit his job as a bartender because he said the late hours, overeating and drinking were ruining his health.  He was determined to change all his behaviors at once and to lose fifty pounds in six months!  If he asked you for advice, you should advise him that such drastic changes are difficult to maintain and that instead, he should try to change his behaviors gradually and consistently, a process known as _____________________.  

16. After two months of faithful yoga exercises, Gail feels much better about her physical flexibility, posture and muscle tone.  She decides to reward herself with a spa treatment.  This type of tangible self-reward for her behavior is best explained by the concept of ___________________.

17. Don is a traveling salesman and often has very  little control over his weekly schedule.  He is very concerned about his continuing weight gain, poor appetite and family stress, but he cannot think of any way to make things better.  The snags and situations that interfere with his ability to make a plan for self-improvement and behavioral change are best described by the concept of ___________________.  

18. Melvin, 21, graduated from high school just three years ago, but admits he has always been  a "couch potato."  He is grossly overweight, has not exercised in years, and has already been warned by his doctor that he should think about starting an exercise program.  Melvin asks you what specific exercise he should start with.  Considering his physical condition, you should advise him that if he is serious about exercising, he should start with what exercise?

19. Tom admits he had a rather wild and aimless youth.  However after marriage at age 34 and the birth of his daughter, his view of life changed and he now feels a sense of direction in his life and a connection to others., especially to his family's past and future.  His new view of life is best explained by the concept of _______________. 

20. Carlos, unable to control his stress, often feels tense and uneasy and has long been unable to control his his unrealistic fears about school, work and family.  On his worst days, a times, he feels very numb, sweats heavily and feels weak and about to faint.  His condition is best described by the concept of _______________ . 

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