Research Proposal Guidelines
Your Research Proposal should include the following:
·Purpose of Research. A paragraph stating your research problem/issue/research question, why it is important, and why you are conducting this research. Include your intended audience.
·Opening Statement. This should be a paragraph providing the context for your research, the methods you will use to gather your information;and some comments on how you will:
·evaluate the evidence - articles and interpretative analyses with real life examples, cases, studies, legislation, and other documentation are acceptable forms of evidence. Which of these, or other type of documentation/information, do you plan to use in your study?
·analyze your data - are you comparing policies and legislation, thus doing a comparative analysis? Are you looking for similarities or differences in a number of cases, thus providing quantitative analysis? Are you looking at the difference between recent acts and historical ones, thus doing a historical analysis? Or, looking at policies and how they have changed over time - also a historical analysis? Are you looking at the impact of certain acts and policies on culture, thus providing a cultural analysis? And/or the impact on communities? You may use one or more of these approaches, or a different approach - but must describe your intended approach in this section of the research proposal.
·Expected Outcomes. A statement of what you hope to accomplish with your research.
·Summary of Internet Sources. Provide a synopsis of 3-5 preliminary sources that you have looked at to begin researching your topic. These must be scholarly articles, texts, or authoritative websites such as .gov; .edu, and .org sites. I do not accept information from blogs, political sites, journalistic sites, mainstream media, Wikipedia, etc. as authoritative scholarly sources. You may use those in your own search for resources, but must track down primary and authoritative sources for your references (they usually have links to authoritative sources. Use those). This summary will provide the basis for your annotated bibliography, which will require that you provide a synopsis of 10-15 resources.
·Sources Cited. In addition, cite any sources you used to help you develop your research proposal.
Sample Research Proposal
United States Immigration Policy:
A Look at the Present through the Eyes of the Past
Purpose of Research
This research paper will compare and contrast four different eras in American history in which major efforts were made to restrict immigration. Although there have been numerous laws than letting to immigration and naturalization throughout the history of United States, it is my feeling that most of these can be grouped into one of these four eras based upon the nature of the restrictions imposed. I will examine each of these eras in terms of the nature of restrictions imposed, the triggers which initiated them, and the effects on national security and individual freedoms. I feel that this is a timely topic because of the current debate in Congress over immigration laws. I believe it is important to examine the causes and effects of past attempts at immigration restrictions in order to understand how these types of legislation can affect both the security of our homeland and the many freedoms we take for granted.
At various times in the history of the United States attempts have been made to restrict immigration for a variety of reasons. The reasons given for these restrictions have ranged from economics to political ideologies, eugenics to the various flavors of racial fears. The first of these began with the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. The second era began when Congress passed the first major restrictions on immigration in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. The third period was from 1924 to 1965, often called the Immigration Quota era, and includes the World War II internment of more than an 110,000 Japanese Americans. And the fourth came in 1965 when Congress finally eliminated the country based quota system.
On 27 March 2006, during a speech to new citizens, President Bush called for a, “civil and dignified” debate on the subject. In light of this call and recent changes to immigration laws contained in the Patriot Act; it is well worth reviewing some of this country’s past efforts at immigration control and how they affected the nation as a whole.
By examining a history of the immigration policies of the United States and comparing the precipitating factors, security, and economic outcomes to current congressional efforts I think it will become clear that the security and economic effects are rarely what was expected. I hope to answer the following questions. Can immigration restrictions be expected to significantly improve national security? What scientific and economic effects might come from restricting immigration? Have past attempts at immigration restrictions had positive outcomes? What can we learn from past efforts to manage immigration?
Summary of Internet Sources
1. Jasper, William F. "We Can Control Our Borders. " The New American 3 Jan. 2006: 17-19. General Interest Module. ProQuest. Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006
Jasper interviews William King, one of America's foremost authorities on immigration, regarding the problem of illegal aliens. Among others, King talks about the necessity of controlling the US borders.
2. Schneider, William. "The Immigration Divide. " National Journal 18 Feb. 2006: 60. Social Science Module. ProQuest. Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006
According to Frank Sharry, executive director of the National Immigration Forum, "The big question, the elephant in the room, is the 11 million here illegally." In a CBS News poll taken last year, the public opposed by nearly 2-to-l a guest-worker program that would allow illegal immigrants to apply for work permits. The immigration issue, Sharry says, creates "a civil war among Republicans as to whether they can be pro-enforcement and pro-immigrant, the way President Bush seems to want."
3. Ohlemacher, Stephen. “Illegal Immigrants Expanding Footprint”. Associated Press, March 29, 2006
A news article discussing the numbers of illegal immigrants currently in the United States. Provides a number of helpful statistics on the types, sources, and occupations of the legal immigrants presently in this country.
4. Gamboa, Suzanne. “Senate Grapples With Illegal Immigration.” Associated Press, March 27, 2006.
5. Chemerinsky, Erwin. "A framework for analyzing the constitutionality of restrictions on federal court jurisdiction in immigration cases. " The University of Memphis Law Review 29.2 (1999): 295. Law Module. ProQuest. 31 Mar. 2006 Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006
6. De Genova, Nicholas. "The Legal Production of Mexican/Migrant "Illegality".” Latino Studies: Special Issue: Latino/as and The Shifting Meanings of 2.2 (2004): 160-185. International Module. ProQuest. Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006
7. Dwyer, Dwyer. "Disease, deformity, and defiance: Writing the language of immigration law and the eugenics movement on the immigrant body. " MELUS 28.1 (2003): 105-121,187. Research Library Core. ProQuest. Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006
8. Jung, Moon-Ho. "Outlawing "Coolies": Race, Nation, and Empire in the Age of Emancipation. " American Quarterly 57.3 (2005): 677-701,1000-1001. Research Library Core. ProQuest. Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006
9. Gray, Paul E. "Security versus openness: The case of Universities. " Issues in Science and Technology 19.4 (2003): 89. Research Library Core. Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006 Roncevic, Mirela. Immigration and Asylum: From 1900 to Present.Library Journal.New York: Dec 2005. Vol. 130, Iss. 20; p. 170 (1 page)
10. Olzak, Susan. “Labor Unrest, Immigration and Ethnic Conflict in Urban America, 1880-1940” The American Journal of SociologyVol 94, No. 6, May, 1989, (1303-1333)
11. Paden, John N. and Singer, Peter W. "America Slams the Door (On Its Foot).” Foreign Affairs 82.3 (2003): 8-14. Research Library Core. ProQuest. Empire State College Library. 26 March 2006
12. Roncevic, Mirela. Immigration and Asylum: From 1900 to Present. Library Journal.New York: Dec 2005. Vol. 130, Iss. 20; p. 170 (1 page)
13. Smelser. Marshall. George Washington and the Alien and Sedition Acts. The American Historical Review, Vol 59, No. 2, (Jan 1954), 322-334 Sources Cited
Borland, Bruce (ed). Primarily Sources in American history.New York: Longman Publishers. Second edition. (1997)
Homeland Security Act of 2002. PUBLIC LAW 107–56—OCT. 26, 2001
Reimers, David M. Unwelcome strangers: American Identity and the Turn Against Immigration. New York: Columbia University Press. (1998)
TenBroek, Jacobus. Barnhart, Edward N. Matson, Floyd W. Prejudice, War And The Constitution.Berkley: University of California Press. Third printing. (1968)
The Patriot Act. (2001)