Ethics mulitply choice

Sigchi4life
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Price: $60 USD

Question description


For each of the following multiple choice questions,
please select the Philosophy (and/or Philosopher) which best
goes with each description below.







1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6)  The idea that the
assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed or assisted for
the greater happiness of all concerned reflects what type of ethics?
(Points : 5)
     
Aristotle's Doctrine of the
Mean
      Kant's Categorical
Imperative (in the 2nd Formulation)
     
Thomas Aquinas's concept of
conscience
     
Rand's concept of
self-interest
     
Mill's Principle of
Utility





2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of
gratitude? (Points : 5)
     
Obligation of response to those who
have shown kindness
     
Repayment for an act of
kindness
      Appreciation or thanks
for acts of generosity
     
One's debts for all that one has
received
     
A reciprocity among people of good
will





3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in
Ethics is that of the double standard. Double standard consists of what?
(Points : 5)
     
Discriminating in the application of
ethical criteria based on our own preferences
     
Setting aside ethical criteria in
special cases
     
Taking steps to avoid condemnation
of others
      Using one set of
criteria for judging cases concerning ourselves and another for all
others
     
Suspending judgment when concerned
that the consequences would be too severe





4. (TCO 2)  Prescriptive language in ethics is
often characterized by what common word? (Points : 5)
      Right
     
Proper
     
Best
     
Possible
     
Should





5. (TCOs 7, 8)  Ethical Egoism proposes that
all decisions should be made to promote what? (Points : 5)
     
Our fiduciary
responsibilities
     
The good will of
others
     
Our
self-interests
     
The welfare of the
community
     
Stronger
relationships





6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) "The right thing to do is to
follow the rules that rational, self-interested people can agree to establish
for their mutual benefit." This is a belief of what? (Points : 5)
     
Ethical
Egoism
     
Utilitarianism
     
Kant's Categorical
Imperative
     
Social Contract
Theory
     
Marxism





7. (TCOs 3, 6)  Animal sentience is
demonstrated by all the following except which one? (Points : 5)
     
Consciousness
     
Awareness
     
Response to external painful
stimuli
      Animatedness
     
Emotive
response





8. (TCOs 3, 6, 7)  The notion that the only
thing good without qualification is a good will is attributed to whom?
(Points : 5)
     
St. Thomas
Aquinas
     
Socrates
     
John
Locke
     
Immanuel
Kant
     
Oliver
Cromwell





9. (TCOs 8, 9) Which ethical concept is
organized and directed toward following the greatest happiness principle?
(Points : 5)
     
Natural ethics and
law
     
Justice and
mercy
     
Rights and
responsibilities
     
Virtue-ethics of
excellence
     
Principle of
utility





10. (TCOs 3, 6, 7)  Syllogisms in formal
deductive logic are called "sound" when the syllogism is determined to be
"valid" and: (Points : 5)
     
the premises share common
terminology.
     
there are three or more
premises.
     
the premises are true
statements.
     
all of the premises are written in
present tense.
     
the premises have been
independently cited.





11. (TCOs 1, 2)  Solving a dilemma involves
realizing what aspect of it? (Points : 5)
     
You will never be satisfied that
the right choice was made
     
Some choices of action are more
realistic than others
     
In deciding to choose one action,
the other possible choices will be lost
     
Not everybody involved will be
happy with the choice
     
There may be significant personal
costs to choosing





12. (TCOs 1, 2, 7)  What is the role of
conscience as Thomas Aquinas sees it? (Points : 5)
     
To teach ethical
principles
     
To disclose and build religious
faith
     
To enable rational thought about
consequences
     
To align personal ethics with those
of others
     
To guide actions through a view of
right and wrong





13. (TCOs 2, 8)  The single criterion for
making decisions in objectivist ethics is what? (Points : 5)
     
Professional
development
     
Personal
self-interest
     
The physical
environment
     
Financial
gain
     
The close group of family and
friends who will be impacted





14. (TCOs 1, 2, 5)  Thomas Hobbes' term for
the tendency of life in society to be "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and
short" was called what? (Points : 5)
     
Uncivilized
     
Survival of the
fittest
     
Pre-historic
     
The state of
nature
     
The veil of
ignorance





15. (TCOs 3, 6, 7)  Kant's concern that people
choose to observe universal laws as their duty is expressed through what
actions? (Points : 5)
     
Their
habits
     
Their
maxims
     
Their
desires
     
Their
loves
     
Their
loyalties





16. (TCOs 2, 7, 8)  Aristotle's Ethics of
Virtue have found modern application for business and industry through what
practice? (Points : 5)
     
Resolution models
applications
     
Goals and
objectives
     
Core values of
organizations
     
Business
models
     
Professional codes of
discipline





17. (TCOs 2, 8)  Professional codes of conduct
serve what function for business and industry? (Points : 5)
     
Allow businesses to avoid training
professional staffers
     
Enable transfer of valued employees
across state lines
     
Enable contracting of temporary
employees
     
Specify continuing education needs
and requirements
     
Providing assurance of the
professional qualifications of members





18. (TCOs 2, 7)  Aristotle's Ethical Doctrine
of the Mean measured personal virtues on a scale that included the virtue
itself, the excess of it, and the deficiency of it. 

If the virtue is GENEROSITY, and the excess is WASTEFULNESS,
what is the deficiency?

(Points : 5)
     
Carefulness
     
There is no
deficiency
      Being broke (having no
money)
     
Stinginess
     
Moderation





19. (TCOs 8, 9)  In personal or organizational
conflict, what benefits accrue to all parties when a leader or consultant
employees one of the ethical conflict resolution models of Week 6?
(Points : 5)
     
Objectives of what winning the
conflict means get refined and better understood
     
Conflict management gets slowed
down and settled.
     
Conflict can be handled in a
sequential, step-by-step manner
     
Parties can be reconciled without
solving the issues
     
Personal relationships can be
separated from issues





20. (TCOs 1, 2)  The Latin term a
priori
describes the origin of knowledge developed rationally, and the term
a posteriori describes knowledge developed through observation and
experience. What is an example of ethics is best described as discovered in an
a postiori manner? (Points : 5)
     
Social
ethics
     
Care-based
ethics
     
Consequentialist
ethics
     
Theological
ethics
     
Operational
ethics

Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) Daniel C.
(997)
School: Rice University
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