PHI208 WEEK 3 ASSIGNMENT.docx
- Must be 1500 to 2000 words in length (excluding
title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as
outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- Must include a title page with the following:
- Title of paper
- Student’s name
- Course name and number
- Instructor’s name
- Date submitted
- Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
- Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
- Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
- Must use at least four resources.
- Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
In the Week Three Assignment, you discussed either
deontological or utilitarian theory, applied that theory to the problem,
and raised a relevant objection.
By engaging with the course material, you now have had a chance to
refine your thinking and broaden your understanding of the issue by
approaching it from the perspective of multiple ethical theories.
In this paper, you will demonstrate what you have learned by writing an essay in which you
- Present a revised thesis statement on the problem you are discussing.
- Identify, explain, and apply the core principles
of at least two ethical theories to draw specific moral conclusions
about the problem you are discussing.
- Present your own reasoning on the problem you are
discussing and explain which of the ethical theories best supports your
own view on the issues.
Write an essay that conforms to the requirements below. The paper must
be 1500 to 2000 words in length (excluding the title and reference
pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford
The paragraphs of your essay should conform to the following guidelines:
- Introduction (150 to 200 words):
- Your first paragraph should introduce the
topic by briefly and precisely discussing the concrete problem or
question that you will be addressing, including a brief preview of the
ethically significant issues that make this question important. This
should draw upon your work in the Week One Assignment, but should be
more succinct and reflect the development of your understanding of those
ideas throughout the course.
- Conclude your introductory paragraph with the
revised statement of your thesis, and a brief description of the
primary reason(s) supporting your position. (If you changed topics, you
will need to repeat the exercises from the Week One Assignment,
including using the Thesis Generator from the Ashford Writing Center.
Please see the notes and guidelines for more on this).
- Application of Two Ethical Theories (1000 to 1200 words):
This section of the Final Paper consists in explaining and applying
the core principles of two ethical theories to the question or problem
you have chosen. One of these theories may be the theory you used in
your Week Three Assignment, but your discussion here should be more
refined and must identify the specific moral conclusions(s) that result
when the theory is applied to the question or problem you are
For each of the theories you are considering, you should
- Explain the core principles or features of the theory and the general account of moral behavior it provides.
- Explain how these principles or features
apply to the problem or question under consideration and identify the
specific moral conclusion that results when these theories are applied
to that problem or question.
- A specific moral conclusion is a
statement that takes a moral stance on the issue at hand. For example,
if you’re discussing the question, “Is the death penalty moral?” a
discussion that identifies and applies the core principles of
utilitarian theory might yield the specific conclusion that the death
penalty is moral because it ensures the greatest good for the greatest
number. Applying virtue ethics might conclude that the death penalty
exhibits the vice of cruelty, or a deontological theory might worry that
it fails to treat the criminal as an end-in-itself. (Note: These are
just examples; you may not write on the death penalty, nor is it
necessarily the case that each theory would lead to the conclusion
- For purpose of this assignment, it’s best
if you explain and apply the core principles of one theory first, and
then turn to the second theory. This section of the paper should be
approximately 1000 to 1200 words (500 to 600 words for each theory
- Evaluation (150 to 300 words):
In this section of the paper, you should explain which ethical
theory you think presents the most persuasive moral argument on this
question and why. Then briefly address a common objection to that
argument that you have not yet considered in the main part of your
paper, and provide a concise response to that objection.
- For example, if you were writing on capital
punishment, you might think that a utilitarian argument that defends
position X is most persuasive. You would then raise an objection against
a utilitarian defense of position X, and defend that view against the
- Conclusion (150 to 300 words):
Provide a conclusion that sums up what you presented in the paper
and offers some final reflections, including a revised statement of the
thesis (do not simply repeat your thesis, but rephrase it in light of
the discussion you just presented).
You must use at least four resources. Two of the resources must be drawn from the list of acceptable resources
on each of the two theories you discuss. For example, if you write on
deontology and virtue ethics, you would need at least one resource under
the “Deontology” list, and at least one resource under the “Virtue
Ethics” list. The other two may be from either the Required or
Recommended Resources, or from the Ashford University Library.
- If you need help with finding additional
resources, or are unsure about whether a particular resource will count
toward the requirement, please contact your instructor.
- The textbook does not count toward the resource requirement.
- Cite your sources within the text of your paper
and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including
samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within
the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.