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The following is the interview transcript between the interviewer (Lea Marion) and
the interviewee (Emily).
Hi, I’m Lea Marion…How are you?
I’m good, I’m fine…How about you?
Yeah, I’m good too. So…I will be interviewing you about your
experience with problem-based learning as it is during your graduate
year. I’m looking to understand how this process learning affected or
did not affect your personal skills and primarily team working so this
is just a preliminary interview it shouldn’t take more than 10 minutes.
And I want you to know that there’s no right or wrong answers take
your time with your responses.
Just so you know this interview will be audio recorded and you need to
sign this consent for being in this study. All information will be
anonymous and confidential.
Ready to start?
Describe how problem-based learning is being used in your
Okay, so problem-based learning is being used in conjunction with our
class called Advanced Clinical Reasoning and basically it’s being used
to give us this hands-on simulated learning so what we do is we have
our own…each group has our own patient with their own diagnosis
their own story behind like they are all different patients and what we
do is our Professor, Tam, will simulate that patient each week and we
go into the clinic we go into the session as if we were in the clinic.
Doing evaluations, interventions and we’ll talk with family, talk with
other staff members…things like that so it’s giving us a really good
opportunity to gain hands-on experience with patients in a simulated
Uh-huh..so how you get to talk with family members and staff?
What happens is, Tam our Professor will give us vouchers and say you
know you could have a five-minute session to talk with a healthcare
professional or a family member of choice and then she will then act
How many of you are in a group together?
Um…we have four per group.
Okay. All right. So, tell me what you think are the advantages and
disadvantages of problem based learning in your graduate curriculum?
I’d say there’s a lot of advantages just the fact that we’re getting that
like I said that hands-on experience because other than that, in the
classroom, you don’t always get that…unless you’re in a fieldwork and
this year we actually don’t have fieldwork. Also I think it’s a really
good opportunity to work as a group because we all kind of bounce
ideas off each other we’re able to gain perspectives of each other,
things that I may not think about that someone else would and viceversa so that’s really helpful…um…and um…it also gives us different
experiences for example to prepare us for this summer… we all are
going into our second level to fieldwork so…you know…if you’ve
done mental health or you haven’t done mental or physical dysfunction
if you haven’t done one of them and you flip-flop them like my patient
is a business patient so that’s going to help me for this summer,
hopefully. And its also another advantage is to learn a little more about
a certain diagnosis, different interventions so we have to kind of
research it and look further into it. So, as for disadvantages there aren’t
many disadvantages…the only thing I can think of is that…um…it is a
simulated situation…so it may not be as accurate of an interpretation
as you might be in the real-life situation. Like, I know when I’m in
front of my Professor…or trying to act…it’s not as real I guess, as it
would be in a clinic.
Okay. So now we’re going to kind of switchgears. We’ve been talking
about problem-based learning in your schooling and now I’d like to
discuss how (it) will or will not impact your future OT (occupational
therapist) practice so thinking about your experience with problembased learning…in what ways do you or do you not feel prepared for
working in a team when you begin your practice as an occupational
I would say…um…it will…it’s going to help us prepare to be in our
practice because with the problem-based learning we’re able to think
through different issues that may arise in the clinic
setting…um…different pragmatic issues…different underlying
things…just different situations that may present in the
clinic…um…Tam actually asks us to think through them very
thoroughly and that kind of will help us then translate those skills and
there’s clinical reasoning skills into the OT profession.
How does that impact your teamwork?
Um…I would say just working in a group of four…will really help
because…in every setting we’re going to be working as a team and
thinking through problems together and learning from each other….
gaining perspective. So I think the teamwork aspect will really help
translate those skills as well.
Okay. Well, that’s all I have for you.
Do you have any questions for me?
Well, if you ever think of anything feel free to call me…
…I’ll be calling you again to verify everything you said or if I have
any additional questions for you.
Well, thank you so much for your time Emily.
Yeah, thank you.
**End of transcript**
a. Write a summary of research problem that is related to the interview transcript.
b. Analyse the interview transcription and find TWO (2) codes/categories/themes
relevant to the research. Present the step by step process that you have carried out
to uncover those final TWO (2) codes/categories/themes.
SAMPLE CODING AND THEMES AS BELOW TABLE