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Force Training and the Courts law enforcement

Based on Training Liability in Use of Deadly Force, analyze the findings of Zuchel v. Denver and Popow v. City of Margate. How did each of these court cases influence law enforcement training? What must a municipality or agency ensure in order to limit their liability? If the organization’s training is deemed inadequate, is the liability of the organization affected by whether or not the individual acted outside the limits of his or her training?

The paper must be two to three pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least two scholarly sources (at least one of which can be found in the Ashford University Library) other than the textbook to support your claims and subclaims. Cite your resources in text and on the reference page

Important, All questions need answered thanks list references any questions please ask

Force Training and the Courts Law Enforcement

  It is important to provide an all-round training to the law enforcers. It is not proper to have an untrained officer carrying out security duties that may cause danger to innocent civilians. In the Popow v. City of Margate, an officer shot an innocent person as he pursued a kidnapper on foot. The court ruled that the training offered to the enforcement officer was inadequate. The case is influential in law enforcement training in that it provides for the areas under which officers are supposed to be trained on. It shows that the training on the use of deadly force alone is not sufficient in some situations. Officers need training in handling moving suspects. They also require training on shooting in areas that have low lighten (Ryan, n.d). The training should consider the aspect of shooting at residential areas; the officers need to know how to operate under those areas that put innocent people at risk.

  The Zuchel v. Denver case is about officers responding to a disturbance case in a fast food restaurant where one officer ended up killing a suspect who would otherwise have been arrested by the other officer. The case provides a situation that shows that the officers did not have sufficient training. The case shows that the methods used for training are not sufficient enough; the use of films and lectures is not comprehensive enough for an officer to handle some situations. The case brings out another aspect of training whereby training of the officers must put into consideration the environments that officers may face while on duty. It also emphasizes on regular firearm training (Ryan, n.d). A critical area that needs to be introduced is the training of decision-making skills. The skills are to help the officers in deciding the situations that require deadly use of force, which will help agencies avoid liability.

  A municipality or agency should ensure a couple of actions in order to limit their liability. One of the key issues is to have adequate resources to enable the municipality to maintain quality training programs (Petrowski, 2002). The training should not just be the usual enforcement officer training, it should be tailor made to fit in the current trends. The agency needs to pick up the developing issue that can cause liability and train the officers on those as they come. None of the developing issues should be ignored, as it may turn up to be disastrous over time.

  The agencies and municipalities need to have updated policies on training. The polices should be reviewed from time to time to ensure that they are relevant in the current times (Shtmllair et al., 2011). The policies created need to be able to adapt to change. For example, the officer in the Zuchel v. Denver case had training on shoot and don’t shoot, which was not enough to handle the situation as the officer needed decision making skills.

  The municipalities and agencies need also to be ready to spend on certain topics that may be expensive, but very important in the short or long run. The expensive trainings can be spared for some officers and only them can handle cases in such areas. It is also important to have a continuous in house training program to promote continuous improvement (Petrowski, 2002).  The trainers should think of all possible scenarios and try and find ways that will help the officers to handle such cases without causing a liability to the municipality or the agency.

  If the organization’s training is deemed inadequate, the liability of the organization is affected by whether or not the individual acted outside the limits of his or her training. It is expected that officers must get the ideal training in order to handle different cases. In some cases, the officer is supposed to use common knowledge to deal with a situation in which case the agency is not liable. In the event that the officer acts in a way that would have been as a result of inadequate training, then the agency or the municipality’s liability is affected.


Petrowski, T. D. (2002). Use-of-Force Policies and Training a Reasoned Approach. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 71(10), 25

Ryan, J. (n.d.). Training liability in use of deadly force. Retrieved from


Shtmllair, J. P., Pollock, J., Montague, D., Nichols, T., Curnutt, J., & Burns, D. (2011).

Reasonableness and Reaction Time. Police Quarterly, 14(4), 323. Doi: 10.1177/1098611111423737

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