Earth Science Only for Kate N

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Question description

1. When examining the geology of a region for potential useable aquifers, what characteristics or factors would you consider? Also, taking into account certain natural and human factors, which areas would you avoid?

2. Based on the examples and discussion in Chapter 3, how does climate influence mass wasting? Also, intuitively, it would seem that rainy climates would be most susceptible to mass wasting. But why might arid climates experience a great deal of mass wasting even though there is less annual rainfall?

3.What are the different types of seafloor sediments, and what are the factors that control the distribution of each major sea sediment type? Where does each major seafloor sediment type tend to accumulate in greatest quantity (i.e., discuss the distribution of these sediments)?

4.  Shorelines are temporary geologic and topographic features. Explain this statement. (Hint: what are some of the forces affecting both the erosion and deposition of materials? What are some common temporary shoreline features – both erosional and depositional?)

 5.Considering the albedo of various surfaces, how might temperatures differ between urban and rural areas? Which setting tends to be warmer on a given day and why? Also, are there any factors other than albedo that might affect the temperature differences between the two settings?

6. Why is the vertical movement of air critical to the formation of clouds and precipitation? How is this vertical movement achieved? What roles do adiabatic temperature changes play in these processes?

7. Examine Figure 14.13. Given your understanding of the conditions required for the formation of a thunderstorm, why would there be so many thunderstorms in eastern Colorado and northeastern New Mexico? What is so special about this relatively small area?

8. "Perhaps more than any other single measurement, atmospheric pressure is the best indicator of current and changing weather conditions.” Explain and discuss why this statement is correct. Provide some examples. (Hint: discuss the differences in high pressure and low pressure systems. How does each affect the local and regional weather? How is air affected by air pressure?)

9. Discuss stellar evolution (describing each stage in brief). What forces are opposing one another throughout the life of a star and how do they influence the various stages in the life cycle of a star?

10. Compare and contrast the atmospheres of Jovian planets and the atmospheres of terrestrial planets. Why are the components of Jovian atmospheres so different from those of terrestrial planets?

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