Quiz Help (Sentences)

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. An unclear antecedent, a very common grammatical error, leads to confusion, because the reader isn't sure what a pronoun is referring to. 

When you use a pronoun to refer to a noun earlier in the sentence, or sometimes in a previous sentence, you must ensure that the right pronoun is used. Sometimes, a pronoun is used to refer back to a noun which is not even provided. 

1 . A poem can teach us more than what works in poetry; they can alert us to how punctuation helps writers create a character's voice.  ANSWERS - ?

2. Justin claims that many people think that poetry is going to get easier if they study it for months, but he is wrong. ANSWERS - ?

3. Jill told Jack not to hold his breath and she picked it up and went up the hill. ANSWERS - ?

·  Options: A : incorrent prnoun

·  Options: B : Missing Antecedent

·  Options: C : Vague Antecedent

B.  Which of the following sentences require a comma before the "but"?

1.  Enjambment is a poetic technique but the effect can be created in prose by using a periodic sentence. ANSWERS - ?

2.  She was tired but relieved.  ANSWERS - ?

  3. Caesuras are used to create pauses in lines of poetry but integrating pauses into prose paragraphs can be difficult.  ANSWERS - ?

·  Options: A : Comma- the word after “but” from an independent clause

·  Options: B : the word after “but” do not from an independent clause


C.  Which conjunctive adverb works best for the following:

Jack really doesn't like poetry, but he knows that reading the poem carefully before listening to lecture is a really good idea; ___________, he didn't bother

·  Options: A : sadly

·  Options: B : reluctantly

·  Options: C : therefore

D.  Two independent clauses can be joined using a conjunctive adverb preceded by a semi-colon and followed by a comma. It is important that the adverb provides a logical connection. 

Which conjunctive adverb is the best choice for the following:

He always seems to win any argument he enters into, which is very discouraging; ____________, I won that day.

·  Options: A : but

·  Options: B : nevertheless

·  Options: C : however

E. Two independent clauses can also be joint through parataxis; use a semicolon without a CoCO FANBOY or an conjunctive adverb. 

Two independent clauses joined with a semi-colon and conjunctive adverb: Poetry can stimulated our imaginations and help us think more creatively about punctuation; therefore, it is worthwhile to make an effort even if the poem is difficult. 

NOTE: a comma follows the conjunctive adverb. For a list of the most common conjunctive adverbs, see the Handbook section of Writing with Style.

Two independent clauses joined through parataxis:  The night is dark; the shadows loom. 

When using parataxis in an essay or other writing requiring clarity, the relationship between the two independent clauses must be evident. However, in "creative" writing, like in the example from Jacob's Room in the Novel Beginnings reading, the relationship is not clear, so we as readers must make the connections through active reading and critical thinking. 

Are the following sentences examples of parataxis? 

1.  He argued that creating a solid thesis is important; unfortunately, she disagreed. Yes or NO ?

2. He stood upon the brink; however, he knew not what to do. Yes or NO ?

3.  The Duke’s ego is monumental; he’s such a jerk. Yes or No ?

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