1. In the
process of natural selection, the organisms that are best suited to their
environments are most
survive and _________________________.
selection is affected by ____________________, or traits that are different in
3. The only
traits that can be acted upon by natural selection are those that are
4. A new
_____________ can form when a group of individuals become isolated from the
actions of animals most commonly can cause the type of weathering known as
plants produce acids that result in ____________________ weathering.
of topography, such as the Columbia Plateau and Mount Hood, are called
vast, flat or gently rolling grassland in the interior of North America is
force that moves sediment in a landslide or mudflow is ____________________.
leaves may form a fossil called a(n) ____________________, a thin layer of
carbon on rock.
Scientists know how groups of animals changed over time by studying information
contained in the
Paleontologists are scientists who study _________________________.
____________________ is a gap in the geologic record where some rock layers
have been lost
2.5 billion years ago, the first organisms that could use energy from sunlight
into the atmosphere.
energy from the sun that warms your face is transferred by a process called
igneous rock that is formed from lava is called a(n) ____________________ rock.
the 1800s, the igneous rock called ____________________ was widely used in the
build bridges and public buildings.
______________________________________ Date: ____ Science Teacher:
Foliated and nonfoliated are terms used to describe the texture of
Dissolved minerals and particles of sediment stick together to form sedimentary
rock in a process
Sediment settles out of moving water by the process of ____________________.
carrying away of rock fragments by water, wind, or ice is called
process in the formation of sedimentary rocks.
is the rate at which ____________________ is transferred from one object to
23. Work is
the transfer of ____________________ from one object to another.
24. If the
velocity of an object is doubled, its kinetic energy is multiplied by
baseball flying through the air has ____________________ energy because of its
change in an object’s position relative to a reference point is called
Acceleration is the rate of change in ____________________.
28. A golf
ball ____________________ when either its speed or direction changes.
make their own food using energy that comes from the ____________________.
openings called ____________________ allow carbon dioxide to enter a leaf.
Chloroplasts contain a pigment called ____________________ that captures the
energy in light.
respiration, molecules of ____________________ are first broken down in the
from glucose is released in the process of ____________________.
main difference between respiration and fermentation is that respiration uses
to obtain energy from food.
process in which yeast produces carbon dioxide and alcohol is called _________
main difference between cellular respiration and fermentation is that cellular
to obtain energy from food.
process in which yeasts break down sugars and produce carbon dioxide and
alcohol is called
vapor turns into droplets of liquid water in the process of
bacteria change nitrogen gas into a usable form in a process called
Producers use carbon from the gas _________________________ to make sugars and
genetic code is found in the order of nitrogen ____________________ along a
42. In pea
plants, the tall-stem allele and the short-stem allele are different forms of
43. If D
represents the dominant allele of a gene, then _______________ represents the
44. If a(n)
____________________ allele is present, its trait will appear in the organism.
45. If each
of ten events is equally likely to occur, the probability of each individual
event occurring is
46. In a
cross between two hybrid Tt pea plants, _______________ percent of the
offspring will be Tt.
47. If all
of the sex cells of an organism have the T allele, the genotype of that
organism must be
carrier of a trait controlled by a ____________________ allele does not express
____________________ is used to track the occurrence of a trait in a family.
A(n)____________________ helps couples understand their chances of having a
child with a
mining is a process used to collect _________________close to Earth's surface.
radioactive gas that is naturally formed by certain types of rocks underground
53. A ridge
of land that separates two watersheds is called a(n) ____________________.
many years, the levels of nutrients in a lake build up in the process of
area of soil in which the pores are totally filled with water is called the
cannot use most of the freshwater on Earth because it is in the form of
may not have enough water during a(n) ___________________, a period when
and settling tanks remove solid materials from wastewater during the
Wetlands help prevent ____________________ by absorbing runoff from heavy
hypothesis of _________________________ was that all the continents once were
joined as a
supercontinent and have since drifted apart.
process of _________________________ continually adds new crust to the ocean
of the mid-ocean ridge.
Subduction occurs where the oceanic crust bends down toward the mantle at
continental plate collides with an oceanic plate at a(n) ____________________
64. In the
phenomenon known as the ____________________ effect, electric current will flow
shines on certain substances.
white light from the sun is refracted by rain drops, a ____________can result.
parallel rays of light pass through a(n) ____________________ lens, they are
bent toward the
67. If you
state that your basketball team will win tonight’s game because your team has
team in the past, you are making a(n) ____________________.
____________________ is the process of grouping together items that are alike
in some way.
scientist’s open-mindedness should always be balanced by ____________________,
attitude of doubt.
travel a total of __________________ degrees if you circle the globe completely
and return to
from where you departed.
basic SI unit of mass is the __________________.
common tool used to measure length is the ____________________.
Temperature is measured using a(n) ____________________.
_________________ are data points that do not fit with the rest of a data set.
experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time is called a(n)