The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) replaced the former NIST Special Publication 800-37, Guide for the Security Certification and Accreditation of Federal Information Systems with NIST Special Publication 800-37 Revision 1, Guide for Applying Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems: A Security Life Cycle Approach. The NIST document changed from a certification and accreditation framework to a risk management framework because information security management systems should be regularly reviewed, updated, and maintained. It makes more sense to follow a security life cycle approach (continuous monitoring) versus a single one-time static certification/accreditation approach.
For this task, you will be using NIST Special Publication 800-37 Revision 1, Guide for Applying Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems: A Security Life Cycle Approach and the attached “Healthy Body Wellness Center Risk Assessment” case study.
You have been hired to apply the NIST’s risk management framework to the Healthy Body Wellness Center’s information systems. You know that the organization has recently had a risk assessment completed that includes recommendations for implementing security controls and mitigating risks. In your new role, a team of people will be assigned to help you with the task. The first job you are tasked with is creating a to-do list for the specific tasks outlined in each of the six steps in the risk management framework (RMF).
A. Discuss key elements that need to be addressed as part of the risk management framework by completing the attached “RMF To-Do List.”
B. Create a white paper that compares the ISO 27002, COBIT, NIST, and ITIL frameworks by doing the following:
1. Discuss how each framework is most commonly used.
2. Analyze the purpose of each framework design.
3. Evaluate the strengths of each framework.
4. Evaluate the weaknesses of each framework.
5. Discuss the certification and accreditation process for the frameworks.
6. Discuss when you would choose to use each framework (e.g., ISO 27002 versus COBIT, NIST, or ITIL).
C. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.