hello dear, I have an assignment need to be answered for a short answer and editing my grammar!!! are you willing to help. the subject about pathophysiology.
This is the assignment,
Dan is a 20-year-old with plaque psoriasis.
He reports that his father also had severe plaque psoriasis throughout his
life. Dan wants to know what causes this and what he can do to make it less
noticeable to others who don’t understand the disease. What would you tell him?
I would tell him that plaque psoriasis is chronic
inflammatory skin disease associated with T cell activation and cellular
proliferation of both the epidermis and the dermis; it characterized by scaly,
erythematous pruritic plaque. Also, called psoriasis vulgaris is the most
common and effect 80% to 90% of individual with psoriasis. He has to keep the
affected area moisturize by using a petroleum oil
and ensuring immunomodulation.
Sasha is a 4-year-old who regularly attends
a local day care facility while her parents work. They recently moved back to
the US after serving at a mission in West Africa for 3 years. When she is
awakened for breakfast, she says she feels “itchy” and doesn’t feel well. She
has a few vesicles on her trunk, scalp, or face. Her mother checks her
temperature and finds she has a fever of 101 degrees. She calls you and asks
what you think Sasha has and what she should do for her. What would you tell
Mr. J. is transferred from Boston to Denver
by his employer. What physiological responses would you expect because of the
change in altitude?
Mr. J. will exposed
to the elevation of red blood cells that being produces.
Mr. Jones was in a motorcycle accident
yesterday. His injuries included a pelvic fracture and a right femur fracture.
The nurse practitioner prescribes heparin daily. Why does Mr. Jones need
heparin at this time?
Mr. Jones is at high risk for venous thromboembolism and
pulmonary embolism after a femur fracture. The nurse practitioner prescribes
heparin daily to prevent ischemic complication from injuries and potentiate the
inhibitory effect of antithrombin.
Carol is prescribed RhoGAM soon after the
birth of her first child. When you enter the room to give her the injection,
she questions why she has to have this injection and wants to know if she can
refuse it. What would you tell her?
I would tell her if you refuse the RhoGAM, the next
baby will have hemolytic disease of the newborn. This is where your Rh-negative
blood will produce an antibody against the blood of your next Rh-positive baby,
and cause the baby's RBCs to break down. RhoGAM is an injection of anti-D
immunoglobulins that will prevent the antibodies made by your body from
crossing the placenta the next time you are pregnant. You will need to get this
injection every pregnancy after your first to prevent the hem hemolytic disease of the newborn
John lacerates his radial artery while cutting
a bagel. He loses approximately one-fourth of his blood volume before arriving
at the hospital. What physiological responses do you expect in response to this
The body will increase HR and vasoconstriction.
The kidney's renin stimulates aldosterone release, which retains sodium. The
posterior pituitary releases ADH which retains water. This increases volume
which leads to increased BP and CO
Explain how diuretics, receptor
antagonists, angiotensin converting enzyme antagonists, and angiotensin
receptor antagonists reduce blood pressure in individuals with primary
When diuretics enter the blood stream the patents’ blood
vessels become thinner. However, this give blood less space to move in which is
rises patents’ blood pressure. Angiotensin is trigger hormone which is makes
our body retain water. having more fluid in patents body would restricted the
space and cause increase the blood pressure. Angiotensin receptor blocker
reduce blood pressure by blocking the action of angiotensin enzyme. This help
patent who suffer from primary hypertension relax and making it easier for the
blood to flow through.
Robert is a 3-year-old who arrives in the
clinic with a recent history of fever of 102 degrees F/39 degrees C and
irritability. His mother states that she thought he had “picked up a virus” and
had been treating his fever with ibuprofen with little effect. This morning
upon awakening, he has reddened eyes, the mucous membranes of his mouth are
very bright red, as are his lips, and his lips are cracked. The palms of his
hands and the soles of his feet are also very red, and he has a red rash on his
trunk. What is the most likely cause of his illness and how would you explain
this to his mother? What would you tell her about the treatment of this
condition and the prognosis?
This is a 3-year-old presenting with chief complain fever of
102F and irritated. He has reddened eyes, the mucous membrane of his mouth are
very bright red as well his lips, and his lips are cracked. Also he has developed
red rash on his trunk, and the palms of his hand and the soles of his feet are
also very red. Kawasaki disease is an acute, usually self limiting systematic
vasculitis that may result in cardiac sequels. Kawasaki disease is a primarily
condition of young children. Most of these cases are seen