150 word response to 2 dqs

timer Asked: Mar 5th, 2016

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Provide a 150 word response to this please:

1. Many have said that while Erasmus laid the egg, Luther hatched it. Indeed, much of Erasmus’s work was used as building blocks by Luther. Both Erasmus, the Dutch Renaissance humanist, and Luther, the German monk who struggled to find assurance of salvation, saw the issues in the corrupt Church of their day. Both saw the leaders of the Church abusing their powers and were greatly infuriated over this, and both wanted to do something about this evil. One of Erasmus’s aims was to bring popes, cardinals, and bishops back to the early days of the church. He felt that the clergy reduced religious ceremonies to mere habit and advocated that Christians strive to emulate Jesus more in their daily lives. Luther wanted to go back even further, to the way things were in biblical times. In many ways, Erasmus influenced Luther’s demand for return to the Scriptures. Both Erasmus and Luther saw the corruption in the church, but each advocated for a different style of reform. Because of their different views on certain doctrinal issues, Erasmus thought to solve it with humanistic enlightenment, whereas Luther dug even more deeply into Scriptures for answers. It is partially thanks to this that the Reformation was so firmly based on the Word of God. Although Luther is known as the father of the Reformation, it is Erasmus who is known as the intellectual father of the Reformation. The biggest reason for this is probably Erasmus and Luther’s differing personalities. Erasmus was known for his compassionate nature and his dislike of contention, while Luther had a dogmatic personality and often needed to be restrained in his public life by his good friend Melanchthon. Erasmus had a need for friendship and agreement.

Provide a 150 word response to this please:

Both China and Spain (together with Portugal) were pioneers in the rise of the first modern wave of globalization. The Manila Galleon, also known in Spanish as the “Nao de China,” was its most visible symbol.Most remarkably, ever since that early encounter, both countries’ fortunes followed a similar pattern. They transitioned from their peak of glory to decline and now both are experiencing a kind of re-emergence.  From the  Eurocentric point of view, the Age of Exploration is considered to be the starting point of modernity and the herald of western supremacy over the rest of the world.  But as we move from a Eurocentric to a global perspective, there is another way of telling the story. The early European expansion pioneered by Spain and Portugal was part of a larger narrative. Europe out from a long period of introspection and limited contacts with other cultures. But they were also doing something far more important than that. They were connecting worlds that had remained apart.  For sure, dislocated regional networks had existed before the Iberians, partially linking centers of civilization with one another. The overland Silk Roads or the maritime trading routes between the Muslim world and East Asia were precursors of a proto-globalization.  On the other side of the world, China had spearheaded efforts from the East to stitch together some of those fragmented networks.


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