online exam

timer Asked: May 5th, 2016

Question description

Topic: Online Exam Description:

Please see the attached questions ( 8-questions ) answer these question on 3 pages ( 3 answers on each page ).

Please use these 2 books to answer the questions. :-

1. Egbert, Joy & Sanden, Sherry (2014). Foundations of Education Research: Understanding Theoretical Components, Routledge. ISBN: 978-0-415-71579-9

2. Lee G. Bolman, Terrence E. Deal (2013). Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership, 5th Edition, Jossey Bass Publishers. ISBN: 9781118573334

1The opening article describes why the author feels that a person’s mindset is more important than their skill set. This is counter to what many educators have said, and the way many classes are organized. Why would the author make this bold assertion?

2In this course, I have adopted a model very similar to the “Model of Authentic Becoming” featured in the article: Facilitating Authentic Becoming” Can you identify how the course project puts a key feature of the model into practice?

3In Module 11, you reviewed a rather extensive look at the relationship between language, cognition, and culture. In summarizing the role of language in cultural processes, the author provides three points:

1. Language encodes cultural meanings. The characteristic expressions in a language afford economical ways of characterizing experiences and expressing thoughts. These expressions are likely to be used in everyday communication.
2. Using language to characterize a state of affairs may evoke or create linguistic representations that compete with and overshadow the perceptual representations of that state of affairs.
3. A speech community shares the formal rules of a language, as well as the ground rules and assumptions that underlie language usage. The contexts of language use influence the forms linguistic representations of certain state of affairs will take. Through communication, private cognitions are made public and directed toward a shared representation of the referent.

Select one of the three points and describe how you would explain it to a colleague who is being transferred to a new position where you think the language/culture connection could be a problem for them

4In your own words, explain what is meant by intercultural communication and how it is an important competency to develop

5In the Robert Kegan / Lisa Lahey article “The Real Reason People Won’t Change” they discuss how a competing commitment will stymie efforts to change an employee’s behavior. Along the way to revealing the answer to this question they discuss big assumptions.
a. What do they mean by big assumption and what is the role of a big assumption in this process?
b. Why is it important to understand if you are working with a change resistant employee?

6The author of Chapter 8 of Beginner's Guide to Deep Culture Experience suggest that the possible reactions to situations where cultural learning exposes a gap between what we know already and the demands of responding to the novel cultural context include résistance, acceptance, and adaptation. Please provide an illustration of each response that illustrates your understanding of why it might be chosen as the response to the novel context created by the increasing presence of non-English speaking residents in U.S. communities.

7The article, Leadership Discourse at Work, suggests that both relational and transactional discourse is important. The first focuses on “ensuring group harmony and creating a productive working atmosphere”, while the second “gets things done, solve problems and achieve set goals”. The chapter then suggests that in order to study discourse in leadership two meanings of discourse are important – Language above the sentence & Practices that systematically form the objects of which they speak. Please describe in your own words what is meant by these two ways of thinking about discourse.

8Resilience refers to a dynamic process encompassing positive adaptation within the context of significant adversity. Implicit within this notion are two critical conditions: (1) exposure to significant threat or severe adversity; and (2) the achievement of positive adaptation despite major assaults on the developmental process. You have looked at applications of this definition in articles on Adversity Quotient, but this article critically examines the way resilience is defined because in practice it covers such a broad array of situations that it has questionable consistency in use. As you go forward from this course, this will be an important concept for you to have working knowledge of as a leader. One central reason for this is that understanding the ways in which people respond to adversity (or feel that they can protect themselves from losing out to the causes of adversity) greatly influence motivation and executive functioning. Please demonstrate your understanding of these concepts by giving an example of how a leader without knowledge of a person’s culture or ethnicity might fail to grasp why they are not responding to efforts to improve their resilience.

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