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There is a bibliography that contains 5 resources.

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Film theorists have attributed different political and social functions to cinema. Does cinema inevitably confirm ideology, or can it contest ideology? How and why? Discuss in relation to at least two theorists and use filmic examples.

ZHIYU WU BRIAN WALL CINE 321 Annotated bibliography of Film Theorists Film theorist which is also known as the cinema studies is a discipline which is related to academic with its aims to research or explore the importance of cinema and its relationship with reality, arts, viewers and at the same time the society. In the topic, there is will be the analyzing of the attributes of the film theorists to political functions and also the social functions. In addition, there will be the discussion of whether cinema is inevitably confirm ideology or whether it contest ideology. Also, there will be the discussion this relation by the use of two film theorists that is feminist film theory and at the same time the Auteur theory. Bordwell, David, and Noël Carroll eds. Post-theory: Reconstructing film studies. University of Wisconsin Pres, 2012. Film theorists have attributed diverse or different political functions to the cinema. Due to the emergence of discipline, the political functions of cinema can be divided into two. Firstly, there is the humanism which analyses cinema in forms of freedom and at the same time progress. In addition, there is the formalism which focused on the technical, structural and also the formal elements of cinema. Therefore, according to Bordwell, it is much important to restructure the studies of the cinemas in order its functions to remains appealing. Turner, Graeme. Film as social practice. Routledge, 2006. The film theorists have attributed to different social functions to the cinema. There is a belief that fictional cinema exists in the form of a drug which is created by sorcery. The film theory is much related or linked with the social function of art. Turner indicates that cinema can draw big crowds and huge money with the realistic specular. In realistic, cinema has different functions which are related to everybody perception of life and at the same time social situation. In addition, film theory is an authentic perception and the ethnic of social concern. Polan, Dana B." Above all else to make you see": Cinema and the Ideology of Spectacle." Boundary 2 (2002): 129-144. Cinema plays both roles of either inevitably confirming ideologies and at the same time inevitably contesting ideologies. Ideologies are beliefs which are held by the society or a group of individuals. Inevitably confirming of ideology is well analyzed by the feminist film theory which relates the role of women in a movie. While contesting of ideology is related to the theory of Auteur. Therefore, according to Polan, cinema can either inevitably confirm or contest ideology independence of the theory which is analyzed. The difference between these two ideologies is the perspective of their characters and how they are designed for various individuals in film theory. Smelik, Anneke. "Feminist film theory." The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (2009). The feminist film theory is a criticism which is derived from the feminist politics which is related to theoretical criticism. This theory confirms ideology since feminist have numerous approaches to the analysis of the cinema. This theory is focused on the functions of women characters in a given film narratives. However, this stereotypes had a different reflection to the society regarding women. Theory, this theory can confirm the ideology by which women are exercised in the film narratives. Therefore, according to Smelik and Anneke, the feminist film theory is able to inevitably confirm ideology through analyzing the role of the feminist gender in a film. Wood, Robin. "Ideology, Centre, Auteur." Film Comment 13.1 (2007): 46-51. The Auteur theory is a film theory which holds that films have a reflection of the creativity of the personal vision. According to this theory, there is the contesting of the ideologies. This is because the theory wholly focus on the role of the director of the film narratives. Some individuals who are related with screenwriters have contested the idea of Directors of being more authorial than the screenwriters. Therefore, the Auteur theory can contest the ideology of the directors in the creation of a personal vision of the film narratives. According to Robin, the theory of Auteur has the capability to contest ideology in cinema since it wholly focus on the nature and the role of the director in a film. Work Cited Bordwell, David, and Noël Carroll eds. Post-theory: Reconstructing film studies. University of Wisconsin Pres, 2012. Polan, Dana B." Above all else to make you see": Cinema and the Ideology of Spectacle." Boundary 2 (2002): 129-144. Smelik, Anneke. "Feminist film theory." The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (2009). Turner, Graeme. Film as social practice. Routledge, 2006. Wood, Robin. "Ideology, Centre, Auteur." Film Comment 13.1 (2007): 46-51.

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