Please view this powerpoint presentation and pdf document

Anonymous
timer Asked: Nov 13th, 2016

Question description

Please view the powerpoint presentation I have uploaded and the pdf document I have uploaded.

Please summarize your views on the powerpoint presentation separately and the pdf document separately,

And then answer these questions from the powerpoint presentation.

  • What other names are the Boruca people known by?
  • What annual festival is celebrated by the Boruca people and when is it celebrated?
  • What is the current population size of Boruca people?
  • Where do the Boruca people live?

And then answer these questions from the pdf document:

Which South Asian countries is bonded child labor more prevalent in?

True or False bonded child labor is a modern form of slavery?

What are three reasons children are put into bonded labor?

Thoughts on the four supports needed for freed bonded laborers?

BORUCA INDIGENOUS POPULATION OF COSTA RICA IDENTITY (BEHIND THE MASK) • Boruca (also called Brunca, Brunka or Borunca) are a proud indigenous people of Costa Rica. Their striking, hand-carved Boruca masks are so popular that imitations are sold throughout the Central American country. But the indigenous culture is more than a mask. Boruca is built on faith in the wisdom of elders and the Boruca legends they tell, passed down for centuries. The identity of Boruca reflects a deep respect for the stories told, the nature that surrounds them, and the community they share. THE BORUCA MASKS CULTURE • The Boruca people are very proud to have survived the struggles between the native tribes and Spanish conquistadors in the 1500s with their village and sense of identity intact. While many indigenous tribes consider themselves to have been defeated by the Spanish, Boruca demonstrates that a tribe cannot be defeated if its culture is still alive today. Boruca is very much alive. CULTURE (CONTINUED) • Since the effort to resist Spanish colonization, Boruca’s history hasn’t been easy. Eventually, farming alone was not enough to sustain their tribe and the people were experiencing extreme poverty. As a result, in 1970 a group of women led by Margarita Moralez united with the focus of reclaiming the original Boruca crafts and traditions that made their people distinct.The group formed as the association La Flor de Boruca. THE CURRENT BORUCA PEOPLE • The Boruca people are still fighting to preserve their identity.The historical struggle against the Spanish continues to influence present day efforts to maintain the Boruca identity despite the changing culture. From their mask-making, the Dance of the Devils, and the unusual story of a group of women organizing to turn the economy around, daily life in Boruca has changed to focus on cultural preservation THE DANCE OF THE DEVIL • An annual festival, Dance of the Devils (Baile de los Diablos), also called Game of the Little Devils (Juego de los Diablitos), is important to the Boruca people in many ways. It celebrates the resistance to Spanish colonization and their ability to maintain an identity rich with their own traditions in the face of foreign influence. During the festival, which runs from Dec. 30 to Jan. 2, the village celebrates with a four-day depiction of Spaniards being chased off by the Boruca.The Spanish are represented by a bull costume and the Boruca wear their traditional devil masks. THE BORUCA LANGUAGE • While Boruca is spoken by only a handful of elders, language preservation is an important part of Boruca’s efforts to maintain its identity. Over time, Spanish became the dominant language and the number of villagers fluent in the native Boruca language diminished. Now only four or five speakers remain. • The language experienced a revival in the 1970s when efforts for cultural preservation began.Today, the language is taught in schools through the fifth grade.Take a look and hear some original Boruca sayings and words. QUESTIONS • What other names are the Boruca people known by? • What annual festival is celebrated by the Boruca people and when is it celebrated? • What is the current population size of Boruca people? • Where do the Boruca people live?
RUNNING HEAD: SUMMARY OF MULTICULTURAL ISSUE Summary of Multicultural Issue 1 RUNNING HEAD: SUMMARY OF MULTICULTURAL ISSUE 2 Child bonded labor is the most widely used forms of enslavement. It is one of the least known labor trafficking practices. Bonded labor is the practice of repayment of loans through service. However, the value of the work supersedes the loan amount. Millions of children in South Asia are born into bonded labor. Children become bonded laborers when their family is bonded, to repay a personal debt or when their parents sale them. Many of the communities involved in child bonded labor are impoverished and lack educational opportunities. Victims are often isolated and their activities are restricted. The physical and psychological health of victims is severely impacted. Victims often have numerous untreated health issues. In South Asia child bonded labor is prevalent in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Industries such as agriculture, clothing and rug making have high number of child bonded laborers. Although it is an illegal practice, the laws are rarely enforced and it is too expensive for laborers to pursue legal action. There is a lack of governmental support to enforce the laws surrounding child bonded labor. Many organizations are making strides to end child bonded labor. These organizations provide education, counseling and employment to rescued victims. Videos • http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-10-20/child-labor-is-still-prevalentaround-the-world-dot-heres-how-to-eliminate-it • http://www.voanews.com/a/pakistans-bonded-laborers-trapped-in-cycle-of-debt/ 1911314.html • https://youtu.be/8TVH371URQo. • https://youtu.be/1c1rX2T9Njk Questions RUNNING HEAD: SUMMARY OF MULTICULTURAL ISSUE • Which South Asian countries is bonded child labor more prevalent in? • True or False bonded child labor is a modern form of slavery? • What are three reasons children are put into bonded labor? • Thoughts on the four supports needed for freed bonded laborers? 3
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