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timer Asked: Nov 13th, 2016

Question description

Policing: Purpose and Organization

  • List the five core operational strategies of law enforcement.
  • Describe preventative patrol. What is its purpose?
  • List and describe the two types of roles that police agencies fall into.
  • What is the chain of command in law enforcement?
  • List and describe the three (3) styles of policing.
  • Define and describe community policing. Also, discuss the criticisms of community policing.

Policing: Legal Aspects

  • List the three (3) major areas of due process requirements relevant to the police.
  • Define landmark case.
  • What does the 4th amendment cover?
  • What is the purpose of the exclusionary rule?
  • Define writ of certiorari.
  • Define fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine.
  • List and describe the implications of Chimel v. California.
  • What is the good faith exception?
  • What is probable cause?
  • What is the plainview doctrine and when does it apply/not apply?
  • What are emergency searches? When do officers need to announce themselves?
  • Define arrest. How does the court determine arrest? What is needed for arrest?
  • Define a search incident to arrest.
  • Define reasonable suspicion. In other words, what is it?
  • Describe the two-prong test that the Supreme Court established concerning the use of informants to establish probable cause.
  • What is interrogation?
  • Describe the Miranda decision. What did the Supreme Court rule and establish in the Miranda decision?
  • Describe when suspects can waive their Miranda rights.
  • List and describe the two exceptions to Miranda.

Policing: Issues and Legal Challenges

  • Define the police subculture.
  • Define police discretion. Factors that influence the individual officer.
  • Describe the police personality. What are at least two (2) sources of the police personality?

Courts: Structure and Organization

  • America’s criminal justice system is composed of two types of courts – list them.
  • Describe state trial courts.
  • Define appeals.
  • What two courts make-up the Appellate division of the state court system? List them.
  • Define dispute resolution centers. What do these programs emphasize? What types of offenses do they hear?
  • Define community courts. What do these programs emphasize? What types of offenses do they hear? Can they hand down sentences? If so, what types?
  • What are specialized courts? What types of offenses and/or special populations do specialized courts focus on?
  • List the two (2) main goals of specialized courts? What type of model do they follow?
  • Name the three levels that make-up the federal judiciary or federal court system.
  • Briefly describe the role of U.S. District Courts? What jurisdiction do they have?
  • Describe the organization of the U.S. Courts of Appeals. What type of jurisdiction do they have?
  • Describe the organization, role, jurisdiction, and purpose of the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • What is the professional courtroom workgroup (also known as the courtroom workgroup)? Which actors make-up the professional courtroom workgroup? How is it believed to operate?
  • Who are outsiders or nonprofessional courtroom actors? Why are they considered to be “outsiders?”
  • List the primary duties of the trial judge. Why are they believed to have the ultimate authority in the courtroom? How are judges selected?
  • What is the primary responsibility of the prosecuting attorney?
  • What is prosecutorial discretion? How do prosecutors exercise discretion (list examples)?
  • How do prosecutors abuse discretion?
  • Describe the responsibilities and role of the defense counsel.
  • How is the professional ethics of defense counsel challenged?
  • Define/describe the bailiff.
  • Define/describe expert witness. What are they able to do that lay witnesses are not able to do during testimony?
  • Define/describe lay witness.
  • Define/describe jurors. How many individuals serve on a jury? What basic requirements must an individual meet to get selected for jury duty?
  • List the hardships that identifiable surviving victims experience while participating in the criminal justice system.
  • List the different ways that defendants can influence events in the courtroom.
  • List the disadvantages that defendants typically suffer from.

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