The Proposal

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timer Asked: Nov 20th, 2016

Question description

The Proposal

This document draws from the planning outline and annotated bibliography to argue for a (re)solution to a specific issue, problem, or opportunity.

  • Begin framing the issue/problem/opportunity in the introduction, following the six moves outlined in Chapter 15 of Technical Communication Today.
  • In the body of the document, you'll want to include: 1) the current situation, 2) project plan--a step-by-step plan for resolving the problem/issue/opportunity 3) qualifications 4) costs and benefits--not necessarily monetary. Draw from your sources, when appropriate to support claims and/or frame your project.
  • Conclude the proposal following the five moves outlined in Chapter 15.

The proposal should also adhere to the following criteria:

  • Be between 1250-1500 words
  • Written as concisely as possible
  • Addresses the primary reader-users you identified in the reader-centered analysis chart
  • Include at least two images, charts, maps, graphs, etc.
  • Adhere to document design principles: i.e. contrast, repetition, alignment, and proximity
  • Utilize headings, subheadings, and other organizational elements (i.e. bullet points)
  • Written in single-space, 12-pt. font
  • Free of surface-level errors (such as spelling, punctuation, and grammar)
  • Include a cover page, table of contents, and works-cited page (these documents are not included in the word count)

*A note on images: please only use images to which you have copyright permission to use. Use public domain images or take/create your own. Using copyright-protected material without permission will negatively impact your grade.

The documents should be organized in the following order:

1. Portfolio Cover Page (Name, Date, Course)

2. Writing in Action Statement (foregrounds the Writing in Action portfolio, especially focusing on how writing is being used to solve the issue/problem/opportunity in about 75-100 words.)

3. Portfolio Table of Contents with page numbers

4. Proposal Cover Page

5. Proposal

6. Proposal Works-Cited Page

Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Proposal: Annotated Bibliography Jing Yan 1 ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 2 Annotated Bibliography 1. Kreitz, P. A. (2008). Best practices for managing organizational diversity. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 34(2), 101-120. In this article, Patricia Kreitz discussed diversity, which has become a prominent characteristic of the 21st century workplace and how a clear understanding of its importance in maintaining competitive advantage can assist senior management and line managers effectively manage their teams. To achieve the purpose of this article, she conducted a review of the definition of the workplace diversity so as to be able to identify best practices that can be used to implement diversity initiatives in an organization. The essence of the information provided by this article to the project is that it identified the role of important diversity trends such as employee demographics and consumer population in redefining approaches to business management. A research study on effective business management would therefore be incomplete without an insight into this critical emerging concepts that is an inevitable part of the business climate. In addition, the provision of value-based leadership that includes effective change management of systems and processes will not succeed if those considered leaders do not recognize and respect the diverse nature of the members of their team. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 2. Lunenburg, F. C. (2011). Leadership versus management: A key distinction–at least in theory. International Journal of Management, Business, and Administration, 14(1), 1-4. Lunenburg used this article to contribute to the debate about whether a manager is more critical to achieving organization success than leaders. He posited in this publication that in spite of the assumption made by organizations that once an individual is appointed as being appointed as manager, he or she has be given the authority to lead. This misconception has led to the failure of most managers in the delivery of their responsibilities. He concluded that result-oriented organizations must have both leaders and managers. This is article is of great value to this research paper because it provides the framework to identify some of the issues that are responsible for the failure of most organizations to meet its goals. The opportunity to explain the differences between both roles will enrich the quality of the paper. When an organization is established, it requires the charisma and expert of a leader to communicate it vision and inspire the entire members of each team to strive towards its accomplishment. Meanwhile, it needs a manager to ensure that systems function properly, business environment is safe, and conducive for the inspired members of staff to perform their roles and responsibilities. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 4 3. Nordin, E. J. (2014). Communicating organizational change: Strategies for communicating change. In Clute Institute International Academic Conference, Texas, USA. This article contains the findings of a case study that was conducted by Eric Nordin, which was aimed at evaluating the understanding and experiences of employees on how changes were implemented and the method(s) used in communicating these changes. To achieve this objective the author conducted a survey of twenty-five employees of a tertiary institution on their preferred methods of communication on issues related to organizational change. The result of the study showed that the way employees perceive their organization is highly influenced by the type of channel used to inform them of changes within the organization. Scholars in organizational behavior and management studies have consistently emphasized the importance of effective communication in the achieving success through increased employee productivity. The dynamic nature of the environment that today’s organizations operate in makes changes inevitable. Interestingly, these studies have also shown that employees are not averse to changes especially when it is going to move it in the appropriate direction. However, poor communication of these changes mostly through the wrong means is what is considered inappropriate and will likely them resist. Knowledge of the strategies for communicating change is the essence of this article to my research paper. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 *4. Schraeder, M., Self, D. R., Jordan, M. H., & Portis, R. (2015). The Functions of Management as Mechanisms for Fostering Interpersonal Trust. Advances in Business Research, 5(1), 50-62. In this article, the aim of Schraeder and colleagues was to highlight the critical role of interpersonal trust between superiors and their subordinates and how the four primary functions of management can be used to nurture it. The findings of the study showed that interpersonal trust between managers and employees is an important variable for those saddled with the responsibility of achieving organizational success. Also, the authors recommended activities that can be used to increase level of trust in an organization. Trust is a key input during the creation and maintenance of human relationships. People work together towards achieving a common goals because of existence or otherwise of this important variable. When it comes to developing manager-employee relationship, interpersonal trust becomes highly essential. Therefore, an article that contains information about management approaches that can be used to foster trust is valuable to my research paper on effective business management since it addresses one of the issues that is responsible for poor employee performance. Furthermore, some of the contents of this articles provides the connection with other aspects of this paper. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 6 5. Tucker, A. L., & Singer, S. J. (2015). The Effectiveness of Management‐By‐Walking‐Around: A Randomized Field Study. Production and Operations Management, 24(2), 253-271. Tucker and Singer in this article examined how a widely used technique in healthcare services called management-by-walking-around (MBWA) can applied in other organizational settings to improve employee productivity. This article was contained their findings on the evaluation of an organizational improvement programs that utilized the MBWA model. Interestingly, the result of their study showed that allowing senior managers monitor employees while carrying out their tasks results in poor performance unless their presence led to immediate solution to problems. This study is relevant to the research paper on effective business management because it provides information on measures that can be used to increase employee performance through the active involvement of senior management in basic operational areas of the organization. Also, the inclusion of the material as part of the reference sources for the paper is provide evidence for certain aspects of it conceptual framework. The focus on the interventions that can be provided by authority figure without appearing domineering is its additional value. It is expected that this will enrich the solutions that will recommended to address problems that result in poor business management. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 7 *6. Javed B, Arjoon S, Bashir S (2016). Impact of openness to experience on creativity: The role of support for creativity. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Organizational Management 5(3), 101-108. The authors of this article evaluated the relationship between openness in the workplace and employee creativity and how the type of organizational systems can enhance or hinder the potential of employees to innovate. According to Javed et al. the purpose of this study is to fill the research gap as regards the nonapplication of organizational theories in non-traditional settings. Meanwhile the findings of the study revealed that the creative potentials of individuals in the workplace is greater enhanced by the presence of openness to experience and creativity. This information contained in this material is relevant to my research paper because it will provide perspectives that were derived from non-western corporate settings and a broader terrain for the application of these principles. Additionally, several studies have shown that the creative capacities of employees can only be nurtured through the establishment of enabling environments for innovation. Also, the practice of openness to experience will enable them understand how certain ideas or concepts did not work and what aspects of it can realigned to improve its performance. Finally, contents of this article will provide insights on approaches that can be used for employee motivation. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 8 References Javed B, Arjoon S, Bashir S (2016). Impact of openness to experience on creativity: The role of support for creativity. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Organizational Management 5(3), 101-108. Kreitz, P. A. (2008). Best practices for managing organizational diversity. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 34(2), 101-120. Lunenburg, F. C. (2011). Leadership versus management: A key distinction–at least in theory. International Journal of Management, Business, and Administration, 14(1), 1-4. Nordin, E. J. (2014). Communicating organizational change: Strategies for communicating change. In Clute Institute International Academic Conference. Schraeder, M., Self, D. R., Jordan, M. H., & Portis, R. (2015). The Functions of Management as Mechanisms for Fostering Interpersonal Trust. Advances in Business Research, 5(1), 5062. Tucker, A. L., & Singer, S. J. (2015). The Effectiveness of Management‐By‐Walking‐Around: A Randomized Field Study. Production and Operations Management, 24(2), 253-271.
Business management: the industrial and commercial enterprise management. This one major is designed to develop under the condition of socialist market economy is engaged in the industry and commerce and other kinds of specialized personnel in enterprise management work. Through professional learning, achievement eligible should systematically master modern management theory, has a wide range of knowledge. Familiar with the basic skills of all kinds of management and scientific method, to be able to do enterprise management work. I’m business major for my future career I will work on the career about the business management. For this discussion I think about the problem how to build the brief among the employees. The brief will be pretty necessary for the company, whatever what kind of issue happened in the company I believe the most important thing is that the employees should believe the leader of the company instead of doubt to the company. For example when meet the financial problem, no one can ensure if the company can solve the problem about the capital chain. Under this kind of the issue, the employees will have lots of different thought. Some of them will have negative thought but some of them will have positive thought. When some of them have the negative thought, they will think more about the benefit of themselves, it will affect the working efficiency. I means under this kind of the problem the company face, the best result is the employees can work as normal. Like the employee have the positive thought, they have the brief to the company they believe the employer they think the company can solve everything for them. so in the future career, if the company want to become success must to think highly about the brief among the employees.
My planning outline My problem is about business management, learn how to manage the company is a very important problem, and a fundamental problem for the development of the company business management. First of all, I back from the perspective of the employees, a company can produce those problems, and detailed analysis of why these problems occur. I choose the second Angle analysis from the perspective of managers, from the perspective of managers to analyze problems, and to attempt to come up with their own methods to solve these problems. My audience is the company's employees and the management of this company. The purpose of project is company work steady and save relationship between employee and employer. My objective is to let the company no interval between employees and managers of the company common development and progress forward. I once worked as an intern in domestic companies to participate in the work, during my internship, I found the staff of the company's management and some problems completely ignore, employees simply do their work, and the communication between managers and employees is not much, I think it is not very good for a company, have adverse effect on the development of the company. I hope I can through the company's business management to solve these problems. I think learning some more about business management books, and how many some successful business management case study will be helpful to me, if possible, I hope I can go to some company internship, hands-on learning how to manage the company.
Six Opening Moves in an Introduction These kinds of questions translate into six opening “moves”made in an introduction: Move 1: Define Your Subject: Tell readers what your document is about by defining the subject. Move 2: State Your Purpose: Tell readers what you are trying to achieve. Your purpose statement should be clear and easy to find in the introduction. It should plainly tell your readers what the document will do. Move 3: State Your Main Point: Tell your readers the key idea or main point that you would like them to take away from the document. Move 4: Stress the Importance of the Subject: Make sure you give your readers a reason to care about your subject. You need to answer their “So what?” questions if you want them to pay attention and continue reading. Move 5: Provide Background Information: Typically, background information includes material that readers already know or won’t find controversial. This material could be historical, or it could stress a connection with the readers. Move 6: forecast the Content: Forecasting describes the structure of the document for your readers by identifying the major topics it will cover. Five Closing Moves in a Conclusion Like the introduction of your document, your document’s conclusion will make a few predictable moves expected by your audience: Move 1: Make an Obvious transition: By using a heading such as “Final Points” Or a transitional phrase such as “To sum up,” you will signal to the readers that you are going to tell them your main points. Move 2: restate Your Main Point: In the conclusion, you need to restate your main point one more time to drive it home. After all, your readers now have all the facts, so they should be ready to make a final decision. Move 3: re-emphasize the Importance of the Subject: Sometimes readers need to be reminded of whythe subject of your document is important to them. Move 4: look to the future: Looking to the future is a good way to end any document. A sentence or paragraph that looks to the future will leave your readers with a positive image. Move 5: SAY thank YOU And Offer Contact Information: You might end your document by saying thank you and offering contact information.
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