100 questions on critical thinking and ethics (philosophy) attached

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timer Asked: Nov 22nd, 2016

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questions on critical thinking and ethics .. philosophy ..

1) Please, articulate Bernard Williams’s arguments on Utilitarianism and Integrity (YB, pgs.40—44; and on

b) Two Kinds of Remoter Effect?

2) Articulate Dr. Robert Bozick’s positions on “The Experience Machine” (YB, pgs.45—47?).

3) please, articulate Dr. J. L. Mackie’s arguments on

a) “The Subjectivity of Values”? (YB, pgs48—59);

b) And on the subsections---Moral Skepticism;

c) Standards of Exclusion;

d) Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives;

e) The Claim to Objectivity;

f) The Argument from Relativity;

g) The Argument from Queerness,

H) and his conclusions?

4) Articulate C. S. Lewis’s positions on

a) “Our Sense of Right and Wrong” :( YB, pgs.60—64; and on the subsections,

b) The Law of Human Nature,

C) and his conclusions?

5) Carefully articulate Dr. Emmanuel Kant’s work, the “Categorical Imperative: (YB, pgs.65 through 68,

b) And the concluding remarks?

6) Articulate the Author’s Piece on Aristotle: Virtues: (YB. Pgs.69—75?

7) Articulate Mr. Frederic Nietzsche’s Arguments on “Master Morality and Slave Morality”, be very brief, but be sure to articulate the arguments in a succinct sentences?

8) Articulate Virginia Held’s arguments

a) On Caring Relations and Principles of Justice: (YB.pags.80---86; and on the subsections---

b) The Controversy;

c) Differences among Feminists;

d) A Look at Some Cases;

e) Models of Morality?

9) please, articulate Mary Anne Warren’s arguments on

a) “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion and Postscript on Infanticide”: (YB, PGS.87—98); and on, subsections—

b) On the Definition of ‘Human’;

c) Defining the Moral Community;

d) Fetal Development and the Right to life;

e) Potential Personhood and the Right to Life;

f) Postscript on Infanticide,

G) and her conclusions?

10) Articulate the Piece/Article from Don Marquis, on “Why Abortion Is Immoral”: (YB, pgs.99--- 105?

11) Please, articulate for me, Judith Jarvis Thomson’s Piece on “A Defense of Abortion”? (YB, pgs. 106---122?

12) Please, articulate Professor, Peter Singer’s arguments on “All Animals Are Equal”: (YB, Pgs.123---132?

13) Please, articulate the arguments on “Torturing Puppies and Eating Meat: It’s All in Good Taste”, by Dr. Alastair Norcross. (YB, Pgs.133--- 140?

14) please, articulate Tibor R. Machan’s presentation on the topic: “Do Animals Have Rights?”(YB, pgs.141--- 152), and on the subsections:

b) Why might animals Have Rights?

c) Why We May Use Animals;

d) Why Individual Have Rights?

e) Where Is There Room for Animal Rights?

f) And the Closing points?

15) Articulate and report to me what you gathered from Professor Pater Singer’s arguments on—“Famine, Affluence, and Morality” (YB, pgs. 154 through I63?

16) Please, articulate and report in a very brief literature, Stuart Rachels’ arguments on “Poverty and Parenthood”. (YB, pgs. 164---180); and on the subsections—

b) The Biggest Decisions in Life;

c) The Famine Relief argument against Having Children;

d) Connections to Inger’s Argument;

e) Five Objections?

17) Please, report your articulation of Lous P. Pojman’s arguments on “A Defense of the Death Penalty”: (YB, pgs.182--- 190); and on the subsections---

b) Retribution, & Deterrence,

C) and his conclusion?

18) Please, articulate Dr. Stephen B. Bright’s positions on “Why the United States Will Join the Rest of the World in Abandoning Capital Punishment”: (YB, pgs. 191--- 202); and the subsections---

b) A human Rights Violation That Undermines the Standing and Moral Authority of the United States;

c) Arbitrary and Unfair Infliction;

d) A Warning That Something Is Terribly Wrong: Innocent People Condemned to Death;

e) The Two Most Important Decisions---Made by Prosecutors;

f) The Role of Racial Bias;

g) The death Sentence for Being Assigned the Worst Lawyer,

H) and his Conclusions?

19) Articulate and briefly report your grasp of Atul Gawande’s Arguments on the topic, “Hellhole”: (YB, pags.203---220)?

20) Please, articulate the arguments of Dr. Douglas P. Lackey, on the Topic, “The Ethics of War and Peace”, (YB, pgs221----229, and be sure to comment in your articulation on the subsections---

b) “How to Fight”?

21) Please, articulate Professor, John Rawls’s arguments on “Fifty Years after Hiroshima”: (YB, pgs. 230----237?

B) Articulate Thomas Nagel’s arguments on “What Is Wrong with Terrorism?” (YB, pgs.238---240?).

22) Articulate David Luban’s arguments on “Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb”. (YB.pgs.241---254); be sure to articulate,

a) The Five Aims of Torture;

b) The Ticking Bomb;

c) Torture as a Practice,

D) and his conclusions?

23) please, report your articulation of Michael Huemer’s Piece on “America’s Unjust Drug War”: (YB, pgs.255---266);

b) and comment on the following subsections---

c) Drugs and Harm to Users; Drugs and Harm to Others;

d) The Injustice of Drug Prohibition,

e) and his Conclusions?

23B) Please, articulate Bertrand Russell’s Piece on “Our Sexual Ethics”: (YB, pags.269---275)?

24) Articulate Dr. Andrew Sullivan’s Arguments on what is titled: “A Few Words about Gay Marriage”: (YB, pgs.276---277?

25) articulate the arguments on “Same-Sex Marriage and the Argument from Public Disagreement” by David Boom. (YB, pgs. 278---- 288?

26) Articulate for me, Mr. Nicholas Dixson’s positions on his work titled, “Alcohol and Rape”. (YB, pgs.289----300 ?

And comment on the following as well:

b)Two Limiting Cases;

c) Problematic Intermediate Cases: Impaired Sex;

c) Should We Push Men For Impaired Sex?

d) and his Conclusions?

27) Please, articulate Dr. Martin Luther King Jr’s “Letter from the Birmingham City Jail”. (YB. Pgs.301---308)?

28) Articulate Professor, Peter Singer’s positions on his Piece, titled: “Is Racial Discrimination Arbitrary”. (YB, pgs. 309---320?

29) Please, articulate James Rachels’s arguments on “In Defense of Quotas”. (YB, pgs. 321----335)?

b) Comment on the Justification of Quotas especially,

c) and other serious points he made?

30) Articulate Linda Hirshman’s work: “Homeward Bound”. (YB, pgs.336---344.),

b) and comment on The Truth about Elite Women;

c) The Failure of Choice Feminism;

d) What Is to be Done;

c) Why Do We Care?

d) And her Conclusions?

31) Articulate “The Case for Open Immigration”, by Michael Huemer. (YB, pgs. 345--- 347)?

32) Please, articulate, James Rachels’s positions on “The Morality of Euthanasia”. (YB. pgs. 348--- 352); and comment on—

B) The Utilitarian Version of the Argument;

c) Doing What Is in Everyone’s Best Interests,

d) and his conclusions?

33) please, articulate “The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia” arguments by J Gay-Williams: (YB, pgs.353--- 357); and comment on the following:

b)The Argument from Nature;

c) The Argument from Self-Interest;

d)The Argument from Practical Effects,

e) and His conclusions?

34) Articulate the arguments on “The New Eugenics” by Matt Ridley. (YB, pgs.358---364);

b) and comment on “A Sad Legacy;

c) No Nightmare Scenarios,

d) and his conclusions?

35) Articulate for me, John A. Robertson’s article on “Human Cloning and the Challenges of Regulation”. (YB, pgs.365--- 371)?

36) Please, articulate the arguments Dr. Lewis Burrows advanced in his Piece on “Selling Organs for Transplantation”. (YB, pgs.372--- 377?).

37) please, articulate for me, James F. Childress’s positions on his article titled: “A Free Market Would Reduce Donations and Would Commodify the Human Body”. (YB, pgs.378--- 382)?

38) What is eudaemonia?

39) Is the natural law the same in all men?

40) When the author says that Natural Law is teleological, what does she mean?

B) Give an example of a teleological situation or condition?

41) What was Thomas Hobbes’ view of the human beings? Please, be brief in your explanations;

b) and what did Hobbes called The Third Law of Nature?

42) What is Laisez-Faire Capitalism?

b) and please, describe Adam Smith’s position on this economic system to show that you understand it?

43) Please, use the case of Adolf Eichmann (1906-1962), to demonstrate/explain your understanding of the problem of cultural relativism?

44) (A), what is philosophy?

(B), what is philosophical ethics?

(C), please, articulate the relationship between Plato and Aristotle?

(D), what are the two traditional subdivisions of ethics?

(E), what do the ethical absolutists believe?

45) for these last questions, answer the following questions and if called for, give an example:

A), Fallacy of equivocation is?

B) And an example is? ;

C), what is an inductive argument?

(D), drawing from the text, what do ‘Descriptive Statements’ tell us,

E) And what do Prescriptive statements deal with?

F), Appeal to inappropriate authority is;

G) And an example is?

H), what is logic according to our text?

I), what is an argument, what is a proposition,

J) What is a conclusion?

L) What is a premise?

46) According to the Blue Book (p.1), what is Moral philosophy?

47) On the same page of the Blue Book, what did Socrates say that Morality is about?

48) What did the author of the Blue Book tell us that the “minimum conception of morality is”?

49) Please, articulate for me in few words, what the author of the Blue Book (p.3) meant by the expression, “Using people”?

50) What did the author of the Blue Book (p.3) meant by “Using People as Means?

51) What are the three ways the author of the Blue Book (p.4), claims that a person’s autonomy may be violated?

A)

B)

C)

52) What was the reasons given for taking Baby Theresa’s organ that would yet not thwart her autonomy? Blue Book (p.4).

53) According to the Blue Book (p.5), given American contemporary law regarding death and dying, we understand death as occurring when what happens?

54) What was the outcome of the case regarding Jodie and Mary in the Blue Book (P.6), please, be very succinct?

55) According to the Blue Book (p.7), the author claims that “In traditional ethics, the prohibition against killing innocent human is absolute”, what was his immediate arguments in support of that position?

56) In the Blue Book, (p.10), about the Case of Tracy Latimer, the author points out that for starters, us /they) may note two points: Please, state those two points he made there for me?

A/1)

B/2)

57) Also in (p.11) of the Blue Book, the author argued that “our feelings may be irrational; they may be the products…”Please, what are those three things he mentioned in the passage?

A)

B)

C)

58) Further, in the Blue Book, (p.11) the author contends that if we want to discover the truth, we must let our feelings be guided as much as possible by what?

59) Please, articulate for me what the author said to be the Requirement of impartiality? The Blue Book, (pgs.12/13).

60) Regarding Cultural Relativism, the Blue Book (p.15/16/17) please, articulate the Callatians’ practice of disposing their dead;

B) and that of the Greeks;

C) Are the Eskimos monogamous?

D) If they are not, please, articulate the men’s practices with their wives;

E) And their (The Eskimos) approach to human life as described by the author, please be very brief?

61) On the top of (p.17) of the Blue Book, what did the author say that since the time of Herodotus, enlightened observers have known…?

62) On the Blue Book (p.25), what position do you take on the case of Fauziya Kassindja, with respect to cultural relativism—given that according to the World Health Organization— excision is practiced in 29 African nations…?

63) What are the five Tenets of cultural relativism listed in (p.28) of the Blue Book?

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

(64) What is epistemological privilege?

b) Give me an example of epistemological privilege, to show me that you truly understand what it means. You may search for the definition in any Ethics book; and properly document it. If you get it in the Internet, also document it in APA format.

65)In (p.29), paragraph (1--indented) of the blue Book, what do you think made the King to despite pardoning the women that was gang-raped, to yet say that he supported the sentence she had received?

66) What was the final conclusion of the author of the Blue Book (p.32), please, be extremely frugal/succinct, do not write more after you have articulated the conclusion.

67) What is the Basic idea behind Ethical Subjectivism (p.34) of the Blue Book?

68) Please, articulate the arguments on “The Linguistic Turn” for me” the Blue Book = (BB—will hence forth represent the Blue Book) (p.35)?

69) What is Simple Subjectivism (BB.P.35)?

70) Articulate the concept of Emotivism as a version of Ethical Subjectivism (BB, P.36/37…)

71) What is the Error Theory (BB, P.39)?

72) What do the Nihilists believe, according to the (BB, P.39)?

73) On page 43 of the (BB) the author argued that constructing sound proofs is part of philosophy, please, write down the remaining points he advanced in concluding the discussions about Ethics and Science?

74) Please, summarize pages 46/47/ and 48 of the (BB), be very succinct, don’t write more after you made your points?

a)

b)

75) In Chapter 4, of the (BB, P.49), articulate pages 49/50/up to the upper p.51)? Be very brief, but make sure you picked up the vital points made there, I already read it, so be aware of that.

76) Articulate section 4.2. The Divine Command Theory (BB.P.51) for me?

77) Articulate the piece on (p.55 to 58, on “The Theory of Natural Law”, (BB)?

78) articulate the discussions on the (BB, P.58 through 61) on Religion and Particular Moral Issues (4.4.)

79) Articulate the discussions about “Church Tradition” (BB, P.61 through 63) be very brief but hit at all the vital points.

80) articulate the arguments under (BB, p.64-65, 5.1.;

Is There a Duty to help the Starving?

81) Articulate the discussions on (BB, 5.2., Psychological Egoism, p.65—71).

82) Articulate (BB, 5.3. Three Arguments for Ethical Egoism, p.71 through76.

a)

b)

c)

83) Articulate (BB, 5.4. Three arguments against Ethical Egoism, p.76 through 81.

a)

b)

c)

84) articulate (BB, 6.1. Hobbes’ Argument, p. 82 through 85?

85) Articulate (BB, 6.2. The Prisoner’s Dilemma, p.85 through 89?

86) What did the author list as some advantages of the Social Contract Theory (BB, P. 89—92?

87) Please, articulate the discussions on “The Problems of Civil disobedience” (BB.P.92—95?

88) Please, articulate “the difficulties for the Theory” (BB, P.95—98?

89) Please, discuss and articulate, on the Utilitarian Approach:

(b) The revolution in Ethics;

(c) First Example: Euthanasia;

d) Second Example: Marijuana;

e)Third Example: Nonhuman Animals (BB, pgs.99 through 110?

90) Please, articulate the discussions in the (BB, pgs. 111 through 125 by the sub sections as:

a)

b) 8.1.;

c) 8.2.;

d) 8.3.;

e) 8.4.;

f) 8.5.;

g) 8.6.? Be very brief, please!

91) On the topic: Are There Absolute Moral Rules? (BB, pgs.126 through 136?

Discuss and articulate conclusions on

a) 9.1.;

b) 9.2;

c) 9.3.;

d) 9.4.;

e) 9.5.? Be brief in each subsection?

92) On Kant and Respect for Persons :( BB.pgs.137—158, discuss and articulate the discussions on the subsections—

a) 10.1;

b) 10.2.;

c) 10.3.? Be very brief in each subsection.

93) On Feminism and the Ethics of Care: (BB, pgs. 147 through 174: discuss Subsections,

a) 11.1.;

b) 11.2.;

c) 11.3.?

94) On Virtue Ethics: BB, pgs.159 through 174, discuss subsections,

a) 12.1.;

b) 12.2.;

c) 12.3.;

d) 12.4.;

e) 12.5.;

f) 12.6.?

95) On What Would a Satisfactory Moral Theory Be Like? (BB, pgs.175 through 184, discuss subsections—

a) 13.1.;

b) 13.2;

c) 13.3.;

d) 13.4.;

e) 13.5.;

g) 13.6.;

h) 13.7.? Please be brief in all your articulations, but make sure you made all the vital points in all the subsections to show me that you read and understood the literature, I have read them myself. We cannot dodge the academic rigor require in this course, my good friends!

From this point downward to the One Hundredth question, the questions are drawn from the Yellow Book—that will be represented as (YB), and other ethical questions from the Lectures, Logic, and Judith Boss (2014).

96) Please, articulate the main point Honorable, James Rachels made on the following (YB, pgs. 1—18, on (a) Relativism,

b) Devine Command,

c) Aristotle,

d) Natural Law,

e) The Social Contract,

f) Altruism and self-Interest,

g) Utilitarianism, Impartiality,

h) Kant,

97) and his Conclusion? Be brief!

98) Articulate the author’s arguments in pages (YB, 19—28), on the followings:

a) Arguments;

b) Moral Skepticism;

c) The Cultural Difference Argument;

d) The Probability Argument,

c) And his concluding articulations?

99) Articulate the author’s arguments in the (YB, pgs., 29—39, on

Utilitarianism,

and on subsections:

b) What Utilitarianism Is;

c) Of what Sort of Proof the Principle of Utility Is Susceptible?

100) please, in two brief paragraphs, or in a compressed way, compare and contrast James F. Childress’s Piece, titled: “A Free Market Would Reduce Donations and Would Commodify the Human Body”, and the article in Chapter 13, titled: “What Would a Satisfactory Moral Theory Be Like”. Please, do not write so much, but in your responses, show that you understood what the two articles addressed?


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