Paraphrasing (150 words X 6)

Anonymous
timer Asked: Apr 11th, 2017

Question Description

I have to read Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge story and Answer 6 questions:

I already have my friends answer, three answers for each question.

I need you to do Paraphrasing so my teacher will not know I'm using my friends answer we are in the same class.

No copy or past.

I need 150 words for each question

No refences needed

Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge 1. Why is it appropriate for the execution to take place on a bridge over a river? A) I think it’s appropriate for the execution to take place on a bridge over water for two main reasons. The plot of the story is that anyone attempting to destruct, damage, or interfere with the bridge is subject to the punishment of hanging. The first reason is hanging one on the bridge is a way for the army to display their pride and unchanging force that will be brought against a transgressor. The second reason it’s appropriate to take place over a river is to provide a reasonable means escape for Farquahr to utilize. Using the river as a means of escape makes it much easier to believe he might actually escape. With this, and the specific and in-depth detail, the author pulls you into Farquahr’s escape and then blindside you with the fact he was actually hanged. Lastly, using the bridge as a suitable structure to handle the load while providing room for one to hang makes sense given the time period this took place. B) It was appropriate for the execution to happen over a river on a bridge because it gave a better opportunity for the author to add in details to the story that make the reader feel like they are right there in the story. Without the bridge there couldn’t have been details about all the placements for the soldiers, the captain, and other people that were part of the story. Without the river being where Farquhar was hanged we could not have read about all the details of the trees and other surroundings as he fleeing from what we are believed to be gun shots and cannon balls. I believe the reason he was being hanged was because he was interfering with the railroad so it brings the story around to have more meaning. There would not have been as much details to the story or a chance for the story to have details about an escape C) In literature and in philosophy a river can symbolize life. If I were to independently critique this writing to find a deeper meaning than the execution of a man by soldiers who thought he was loyal to their opponents, I would analyze the river as a reference to his life. The moment that we consider the personal life of Peyton Farquhar and see his wife, we as readers can take that as a moment of reflection. The bridge symbolizing he himself, and the river representing his life. He is looking down, reflecting, seeing time pass, and remembering the life he lived and what he loved about it. We often hear the saying, “my life passed before my eyes”, when people speak of near death experiences and I believe that is what the bridge and river represent in this particular story. 2. If we were, to apply New Criticism to this story, what feature of the story (names, things, sounds etc.) would you pick out as "meaningful" and what meaning do you think it has? Remember, there aren't any "wrong" answers, only poorly defended answers. A) After reading An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, I would pick out family as being meaningful. Bierce references on the thoughts that Peyton had when he closed his eyes, "He closed his eyes in order to fix his last thoughts upon his wife and children". He also references the thoughts Peyton had about being able to free his hands and swim and reach the bank. He was thankful that his home was out of his executioners lines, his family was far from the invaders. The meaning of family is love, and protecting and caring for one another. Bierce addresses Peyton's family again at the end of part III, "As he pushes open the gate and passes up the wide white walk, he sees a flutter of female garments; his wife, looking fresh and cool and sweet, steps down from the veranda to meet him". B) I think one of the main sounds that is mentioned is the ticking of his watch. I think it's meaningful because it shows that no matter what, time will always tick by no matter the circumstance. Even if you want so badly for it to stop, rewind, go faster it remains steady and unwavering. In the description in the story, it is said that it was so loud in his ears even though you know that it wouldn't be very loud at all. I think that he references that because the surroundings would be very quiet and that he would be able to hear it as a reminder that the time is getting closer to the inevitable I think also that the "dream" that he has is meaningful also because it kind is a "life flashing before your eyes" type of scenario. The moment before his death he dreamt of freedom and his wife. Even though in the story he sees the escape and the return home with such description, that it sounds like a lot of time had passed when in reality it was all in a second or so. Again it shows that time can feel either very fast or very slow depending on circumstance. C) If I was to apply new criticism to this story, I would choose details that tie to the theme. I chose two details that I think are meaningful. The first one is a sound, the ticking of Farquhar's watch. This represents Farquhar's life coming to an end. Usually when we hear the ticking of a watch, we know that time is reaching an end. For Farquhar we know he was about to die. So the ticking was like telling us time was running out for him. The other details that I think were important is when he heard the insects after he reached the surface of the river. When he reached the surface of the river he was imagining he was going to live. He was thinking life! When Farquhar can hear the insects and see the spider spinning webs from twig to twig, it shows life. The insects are full of life. The details are helping us see that there is hope for his life. 3. In what ways does Bierce try to gain the reader's sympathy for Farquhar? Why does he do this? A) Bierce gains the reader’s sympathy for Farquhar by explaining who he is and what he stands for. Bierce describes Farquhar as a planter who wears well-fitting clothing, is a family man, has a desire to serve his preferred army, but cannot for unknown reasons, and is loyal to his beliefs. Although some may not agree with Farquhar’s personal preference of the South, I think most can appreciate his loyalty. Basically, Bierce makes Farquhar out to be a loyal hard working family man fighting for what he thinks is right. I think he does this to draw the reader in and really get them on Farquhar’s side and wish his success. I think Bierce does this to make the reader really physically feel the theme of the story. This makes it an emotional event and not just mindlessly reading words from paper (or screen in today’s world). B) Bierce tells us about Farquhar to gain the reader’s sympathy. He tells us that Farquhar is married and has children. Most people who have children would sympathize with the family who was about to lose the father, no woman wants to see their children raised without their father. He also tells us that Farquhar can’t serve in the military, and during war time most men want to serve in the military, so men will sympathize with Farquhar’s inability to to serve. He wants us to sympathize with Farquhar because he wants us to be vested in the outcome, hope for Farquhar’s escape from death or be upset that he dies. I know I was rooting for Farquhar to miraculously escape and was disappointed that he did not. C) Bierce makes sure to add into the story a lot of details about Farquhar’s life that included his wife, children and passion for wanting to be a solider himself and that he took on adventure that made him feel like he was actually a solider. Bierce described his appearance and all of the feeling that he was having as the execution was taking place to make us sympathetic for him and the events taking place. By making us feel sympathy for Farquhar we can feel more emotion as the details are being described in section three are being described and then at the end we are made to feel a sense of disappointment when we find out that he had actually died and did not actually make a get a way. 4. How would the story be different if Farquhar were a soldier? If he had no family? A) This story may be different if Farquhar was a soldier because then we could see it as a war hanging and understand that in those times many soldiers were captured and executed by the opposing side. It was hard to grasp exactly what caused the hanging of the character the first time I read through the story. With the character Farquhar as a soldier and with no family it would be harder to pull the reader into feelings of sadness and empathy, inspiring emotion would not have come as easily in my opinion. Reading that an innocent civilian with a wife and children he was concerned about made the story more sad and difficult to read the last sentence, when we as readers realize he did not in fact survive the hanging. B) That last sentence did bring up a lot of emotion, because Bierce had us cheering on Farquhar in the fight for his life the whole story through. I think, though, regardless of him having a family or not, readers would still experience the same emotions when reading that line, because of the fight Farquhar endured in hopes to be free. The addition of Farquhar's family just makes his fight seem that much more important, because now, he's not the only one directly affected by his death. I wonder, though, if Farquhar did not have a family, would he have fought so hard to be free? Maybe, if he didn't complete the mission he set out for, but maybe not. As Bierce mentions at one point, Farquhar felt as though he was observing a different man trying to escape. Maybe, it would have turned out that he didn't care if that man got out after all.. C) The story would be somewhat different if Farquar had been a soldier or had no family. The concept and background of him having a family makes us much more prone to like him and have sympathy for him. He was just a noble patriot, doing what little he could to help out the war effort. From what I understand, he would have also been labelled a traitor and executed on site. If he had been a soldier, it would have been his bound duty to attempt to destroy the bridge. From what I understand of Civil War History, a soldier would be more likely to be executed by a firing squad, if he was to be executed at all. He would likely to have stood before a military tribunal before execution as well. He would not have been considered a traitor, but an enemy soldier. 5. How is the descriptive detail in Section One different from that in Section 3? Why do you suppose Bierce did this? A) Bierce wanted to show the difference between how Farquhar imagines himself versus the reality of his situation. Farquhar Fashions himself as a brave hero who can beat the odds. He jumped at the opportunity to prove himself as the hero he saw himself as. In section 1 we get the set up of federal troops having Farquhar dead to rights and we see his thoughts as he plans his great escape. Section 3 goes over Farquhar actually executing his escape only to have the last moment reveal to us that the escape was merely something Farquhar made up moments before his death. Bierce wants to show us how delusional Farquhar is and contrast how people think of themselves as individuals vs the reality of it all. Farquhar thought of himself as someone special but he was an ordinary man with ordinary limitations like the rest of us. B) The description in section one is much shorter than the one in section 3. Section 3 has more vivd descriptions, he goes in deeper into the story line and gives the reader more visual images of what Peyton was going through. I think that Bierce did this in order to keep the reader engaged. Section one does have vivid description and it engages the reader at the beginning but it is not to long to keep the reader interested. Once section 3 hits the reader is already engaged and wants to keep reading to know what happened to Peyton and how his story ended. I was engaged and had visual images throughout reading. C) The descriptive is different in section 1 compared to section 3 because section 1 is the entrance of the story, pulls the reader in by giving the visual of the scene and what the main character "Peyton Farquhar" was doing on the bridge. In section 3 it went straight into about him dying from killing himself on the bridge by losing consciousness and describing the physical and emotional feelings he went through.It got really deep and depressing the more you went on. I think he did it because we all knew he was going to die at the beginning because of how descriptive it was and that the more you read the more you could see how he wasn't happy with his life and he wanted to end it. 6. How does time move in Section One compared to the other sections? How does Bierce accomplish this? A) Section One seems to move very slowly. There is little action. The only people moving are the soldiers who are preparing Farquhar to be hung. There is a lot of attention to the details of the surrounding area, how many soldiers are there and where they are standing. This makes it seem like time is moving slowly. Then in the other sections things seem to happen quickly, such as Section Two, where the soldier comes to his home and asks for a drink of water. There is a short exchange of conversation and the soldier is gone. In Section 3 the description of getting his wrists untied happens quickly and then he is suddenly swimming in the water, then down the stream and out of the water. It is all action and the action seem to make time go more quickly. B) Section 1 sets a scene of being very glum and silent. You can feel every second that passes. Noticing the small movements of the soldiers and where everyone is sets up the scenery and how empty but emotional the moment is. Section 1 is slow and geared toward focusing on that silence and how long time feels during that moment. Section 3 is all about the action packed get away. Everything is quick and detailed to paint a picture of the escape. You begin to read with anticipation and want for the successful escape. You read wondering how it's possible that he is getting away and time is flying by very quickly now. Writing this way keeps the momentum in the story and keeps readers hooked because it's something they can picture as if they were watching it on a tv screen. C) Sections one is entirely made up of the moments before Farquhar is dropped to hang and the movement of time is relatively stagnant. Section two is a flash back showing the what’s been leading up to the main event. Section three is quite special it is the longest out of all three sections and we have an action packed scene moving moment to moment transition from one time frame to another. He escapes and then we are moved into a new scene where he reaches safety. The end of section 3 shows that the entire sequence of events that took place never happened and it was merely a story he made up for himself to believe right before his neck is broken.

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