english ( i want 16 pages)

timer Asked: Apr 20th, 2017

Question description




“Global Issues, Challenges, and Conflicts in the World of Work”

Overview of the Analytical Report

This report requires conducting research, collecting viable source material,

reporting gathered information, and compiling it into a visually-enhanced report

with the expected front matter and end matter (A Concise Guide to Technical

Communication, Chapter 12 -- specifically pages 267-282).

Description of Assignment

Select an event somehow related to a field of study that is of interest to you as

your starting point of investigation for this report. The topic you select is thus to

be an industry-related event involving possible ethical workplace infractions,

misconduct, conflicts, etc. You will examine a particular issue/event to determine

what caused the ensuing problem/conflict. And, finally, you will offer

recommendations to ensure a similar incident does not reoccur.

Possible Workplace Issues to Investigate for the Analytical Report

 Instances of workplace violence

 Unionization

 Outsourcing

 Case of sexual harassment

 Mishandling of finances

 Insider trading

 Poor and/or dangerous working conditions

 Unfair/illegal hiring practices,

 Unfair/unethical/illegal termination practices

 Product recalls


The “Long Report” section of Chapter 12, in A Concise Guide to Technical

Communication, describes the types of situations that typically lead to this kind

of investigation and reporting. Three types of analytical reports are discussed:

“causal analysis” (Why does X happen?), “comparative analysis” (Is X or Y better

for our needs?), and “feasibility analysis” (Is this a good idea?). Your report

should develop from one of these three approaches. A model report appears in

Chapter 12 (Figure 12.9 – pages276-282). Your report should look similar to this


Guidelines for the Three Optional Analyses

These three approaches reflect different purposes, require different data to be

collected, and result in different structures for organizing information in the

report. For example, “causal” investigates why the event happened, isolating

immediate and ultimate factors. “Comparative analysis” contrasts similar events

to determine what differs in the factors or circumstances leading to the event and

its outcome. “Feasibility” examines whether a proposed course of action is

realistic or desirable, often contrasting several optional courses of action to

argue in favor of one or another. No matter which type of analysis is chosen, the

analytical report contains common features that lead to a set of conclusions and

recommendations that grow logically out of the data.

 A “Causal Analysis” using Davis-Besse might investigate the causes of the corrosion

that had built up without detection. Such investigations look beyond the superficial

and obvious answers in an attempt to determine how the situation came to happen,

with the intent being to prevent similar situations from occurring in the future.

NRC and First Energy Corporation have prepared reports, as have other groups.

Reading through these several reports, you will – as informed engineers and

managers – identify the most likely causes, and from the causes, recommend a specific

course of action. Your recommendation must consider what these several groups

have suggested, and what the strengths and flaws in their different approaches are.

Finally, your recommendation must put forth an intelligent approach that goes

beyond merely restating what others have said.

 A “Comparative Analysis” using Davis-Besse could contrast alternative plans for

correcting the problem associated with corrosion in reactor heads, alternative

energy sources, or alternative oversight responsibilities. You would then discuss the

benefits of each plan, after establishing categories by which to compare them (such

as “financial,” “long-term,” “short-term,” “public support,” etc…). Or, you might

contrast Davis-Besse with nuclear power plants of a similar vintage to determine

what structural or operating problems have occurred at others. A third possibility

might be to compare nuclear power plants built at the same time as Davis-Besse

with newer plants to determine what design or operations’ changes have been made

and why. These are only some of the possible types of comparisons you could

investigate and report.

 A “Feasibility Analysis” using Davis-Besse would examine proposed courses of

action to build solid explanations as to why one particular course of action should

have previously been taken, or should now be taken. For example, you might

“justify” why Davis-Besse personnel were unable to detect the problem earlier,

though the NRC identified several “missed opportunities.” Or you might want to

justify why First Energy’s decision to replace the impaired reactor head with the

never-operated head from Midland, Michigan, was the correct decision. You might

want to justify why the Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended a new

replacement head. You might want to justify – citing Davis-Besse information – the

continued use of older nuclear power plants, especially in light of the expiration of

forty-year operating license.

Research (“Data Collection”)

Information (“secondary sources”) for this report must come from relevant,

reliable, current sources (reports prepared by companies, academics,

government agencies, and private organizations). In keeping with research

guidelines, anticipate biases and be able to account for them. Thus, read

informed opinions of different experts in the field who publish in professional

journals, as well as comments and responses of community leaders published in

national and international news sources. You may want to locate information

printed in newsletters of organizations, public agencies, or community action

groups. You must also collect information first hand (“primary sources”) by

interviewing someone, distributing a survey, conducting a mini poll, or via an

email posting. These two types of information – primary and secondary – will

need to be summarized, paraphrased, quoted, analyzed, and interpreted within

your report. Locate relevant information from a minimum of 4 different and

reputable secondary sources, including professional journals, dissertation

abstracts, conference proceedings, online databases, international news sources,

or textbooks. Collect relevant information from a minimum of 1 primary source.


(Completed report should be approximately 16 pages: the BODY of the report

should comprise approximately 8 of those total pages; the remaining pages are

made up of the indicated front matter and end matter.)

1. Letter of Transmittal (page 272). As indicated, this is an actual business

letter. It is written to the readers of your Report, as a way to introduce

yourself and your subject matter. It should include a BRIEF summary of

your Report’s content. It should also include the appropriate heading and

closing material. It should be no longer than 1 page.

2. Cover or Title Page (page 272, and sample -- page 276).

3. Descriptive Abstract/Executive Summary (page 272-273, and sample --

page 276). As shown in the sample, this is a brief summary of the main

content of your report. It should be no longer than 1 page. *It contains

basically the same summary material included in your letter of transmittal –

just written in ‘stand-alone’ format (rather than letter format).

4. Table of Contents (page 272, and sample – page 276).

5. Body (pages 269-271, and sample – pages 277-281).

6. Conclusions (page 271, and sample -- page 281).

7. Recommendations. (These are usually incorporated into the conclusion.)

8. Graphs, Charts, Illustrations (throughout report).

9. Appendix (or Appendices), (page 273) – which MAY include any of the

following (depending on the PURPOSE and AUDIENCE of YOUR report):

survey or interview questions

transcription of an interview

an evaluative summary

a copy of a thank you letter addressed to one of your primary sources

*Refer to Little, Brown Compact Handbook (or a similar reference guide) for MLA

and APA formatting information.

** The final Report is due by 5pm, Friday of Finals Week.

Additional Notes:

 As you work on this Project, I want you to imagine that you are preparing

this Report for a committee of readers that is comprised of administrators,

managers, upper-level officials of a company that is interested in your

subject matter. They hope to improve an aspect of their company’s working

environment, and have asked for help in accomplishing that goal. To that

end, you have prepared this Report. Because this committee is made up of

several very busy professionals, it is imperative that you grab their

attention (both individually and collectively) right away. This does not have

to be an ACTUAL company and committee; you may create all of that – for

the purpose of this Project.

 In order to immediately grab the attention of your readers, you must make

sure that your Report is VISUALLY APPEALING AND ACCESSIBLE. Utilize

white-space. Make sure to spread your text out: use bullet-points,

incorporate pictures, graphs, etc. into the body of your text. Basically, do

not completely fill your pages with written text.

 Effectively use visual text – in order to support and strengthen the purpose

of your Report, and to make it interesting to look at.

 Remember: How your Report looks is almost as important as what your

Report says.

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