History Question

timer Asked: Apr 21st, 2017

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1.) Gertrude Stein played a role in the development of Abstract Expressionism as an "influential writer(khanacademy.org)" and "along with her brother,being an important patron for hosting salons that brought together some of the period's most famous artists, writers and intellectuals(khanacademy.org)". The major artists were Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Clyfford Still, Franz Kline, Hans Hoffman, Robert Motherwell, Barnett Newman and Arshile Gorky(theartstory.org). The connection to Surrealism was the that it was "shaped by the legacy of Surrealism, a movement they translated into a new style fitted to the post-war mood of anxiety and trauma(theartstory.org)".

2. Existentialism is a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will. Tachisme is a style of painting adopted by some of the French artists from the 1940s, involving the use of dabs or splotches of color, similar in aims to abstract expressionism. The connection the Abstract Expressionists shared with the Impressionists was the "non-geometric art(theartstory.org)". Chapter 15 in Gompertz was subtitled, The Grand Gesture because of showing emotion through painting.

3. The distinct characteristic that Abstract Expressionism has with American Art is "applying them together by art critic Robert Coates in 1946(visual-arts-cork.com)". The type of shift this caused in the art world was when "Abstract Expressionism emerged after America was still reeling from the collapse of world order triggered by World War II(visual-arts-cork.com)". Jackson Pollock because of how he was an emotional artist in his paintings while dealing with alcohol addiction and seeking help to control himself. They were produced in alignment with the style of futurist artists that combined with Abstract Expressionism.

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