psychology studyguide help answering question.

timer Asked: Apr 28th, 2017

Question description

document below

Psychology 1.What kind of behaviors does kohlberg score to measure a person's level of moral reasoning? A. B. C. D. What people do in their everyday lives. Whether people feel guilty when they hurt someone else. Whether people's behavior matches what they say is right. The reasons that people give for their answers to moral dilemmas. 2.Research on attachment has shown that A. only monkeys are affected by maternal deprivation B. only human infants are affected by maternal deprivation C. rocking an infant may be important for normal development D. attachments can only be formed between infants and their biological mothers 3.The postconventional level of moral development is most strongly associated with A. Self-interests and avoidance of punishment B. Abstract reasoning and ethical principles C. Law, obedience, and punishment D. None of the above 4.dyslexia is least associated with A. Female gender B. aberrant eye movement patterns C. Impaired spelling D. Male gender 5. A spasm is the vocal apparatus associated with speaking is best defined as A. B. C. D. Stuttering Repetitions Disfluency Prolongations 6. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross male great contributions to the field of psychology by doing research on a little-studied time of life: the time before death. Which of the following is true regarding her proposed stages in approaching death a. b. c. d. It appears that all adults go through all of the stages It is composed of three stages It appears that most adults go through some of the stages It appears that most adults die before they realize that their life is approaching an end 7. According to Kohlberg, the highest state of moral reasoning is one in which people make their decisions on the basis of a. Universal principles. b. Public opinion c. Law and order d. Reward and punishment 8. Who is most responsible for the acquisition of a new skill if a scaffolding method is used a. The parents b. the child c. the primary caregiver d.the parents and the child 9. the process of absorbing experiences from one's world around them and translating this experilence into a pre-existing schema is known as a. b. c. d. Accommodation Assimilation Cognition None of the above 10. The maximum possible age for any individual of a given species is known as a. b. c. d. Life span Mortality rate Life expectancy Chronological age 11. What term is best defined as the period of skill acquisition when children are receptive to learning a new behavior, but are still unable to perform the behavior on their own? a. b. c. d. Scaffolding Critical period Zone of proximal development Schema 12. According to Erikson, the main concern of a newborn infant is a. b. c. d. Early experiences of independence. Achievement and sell-worth. Conflict with parental restrictions. Forming a trusting attachment. 13. Which is true regarding baddling in infants? a. b. c. d. Only deaf children babble Only children with normal hearing babble Children babble regardless of ability to hear Babbling is not important in the development of language 14. Fred's children are grown and out of the house. He views his marriage of 30 years as happy and successful, and is extremely satisfied with his work life, and looks forward to retirement where he can spend more time with his children and wife again. According to Erikson, Fred is most likely in __________and is experiencing_________. a. Middle adulthood; generativity vs. Stagnation b. Late adulthood; ego identity vs despair c. Middle adulthood; ego identity vs. Despair d. Late adulthood; generativity vs. Stagnation 15. Matthew just exhibited the first signs of imagination and make believe. Assuming that Matthew is typical and healthy child, how old is Matthew? a. b. c. d. He is 6 months year old He is 2 years old He is 10 year old His age is impossible to predict given this information. 16. The first period of prenatal development begins at the moment of conception and lasts for about two weeks, this stage is know as a. b. c. d. The embryonic stage The fetal stage The germinal stage The zygotic stage 17. Which of the following choices best describes the relationship between nature and nurture? A. Maturation is most responsible for development in humans B. The passage of time is most responsible for development in humans C. The interplay between experience and the passage of time is most responsible for development in humans. D. Critical periods are most responsible for development in human. 18. According to the cephalocaudal principal of development, which of these movement should be slowest to develop in the human infant? a. b. c. d. Toe movements Eye movements Lip movements Tongue movements 19. The second period of prenatal development (about two to nume weeks after conception) is known as a. b. c. d. The embryonic stage The fetal stage The germinal stage The zygotic stage 20. People who tend to stutter are least likely to stutter when they are a. b. c. d. Singing Under emotional stress. Answering question. Asking question. 21. Which of the following was not one of Piaget's stages of cognitive development? a. b. c. d. Preoperational Post operational Sensorimotor All of above were stages cognitive development according to piaget 22. The ability to form mature caring loving relationships is call a. b. c. d. Intimacy Sexuality Puberty Menarche 23. Which of the following term is not associlated with monozygotic twins a. b. c. a. Fraternal Nonidentical Two eggs and two sperm None of the aboare associated with monozygotic 24. developmental dylexia is best defined as a. b. c. d. The loss of the ability to read due to brain damage The failure to read by two years of age The failure to achieve age-typical reading skills Faulty writing 1. According to behaviorists like Skinner and Watson, peoples’ _________ were mostly the result of learning that occurred from their individual experiences in the environment around them. a. b. c. d. Tendencies Personality Moral boundaries All of above 2. which is the following is not true regarding conscious awareness and learning? a. b. c. d. You cannot learn something unless you are consciously trying to learn it. Many things can be learned consciously. Learning sometime occours unconsciously. All of the above is true regarding awareness and learning. 3. Which of the following is not a step in observational learning? a. b. c. d. Attention Retention Reproduction All of the above are steps of observational learning 4. If someone is able to pay attention to a model, and they are able to recall behaviors that the model does, but they lack the competence or skills required for the expression of these behaviors, then which stage of observational learning are they stuck on? (In other words, what stage can they not do?) a. b. c. d. Attention Retention Reproduction Motivation 5. When an organism consistently responds or behaves in a way that is appropriate to their context, ____________ is achieved. a. b. c. d. Positive discriminative stimulation Negative discriminative stimulation Stimulus control Extinction 6. Intentional desensitization is made up of a. b. c. d. Extinction Exposure A capacity to link the stimulus All of above 7. What is required for classical conditioning to occur?

Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) Studypool Tutor
School: Cornell University
Studypool has helped 1,244,100 students
flag Report DMCA
Similar Questions
Hot Questions
Related Tags
Study Guides

Brown University

1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology

2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University

982 Tutors

Columbia University

1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University

2113 Tutors

Emory University

2279 Tutors

Harvard University

599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2319 Tutors

New York University

1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University

1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University

2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University

932 Tutors

Princeton University

1211 Tutors

Stanford University

983 Tutors

University of California

1282 Tutors

Oxford University

123 Tutors

Yale University

2325 Tutors