Post-tests

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timer Asked: May 4th, 2017

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Chapter 1 Post-test: 1. Which process requires a thoughtful reappraisal of your problem, including an assessment of the person you might be once you have changed the behavior? a. consciousness-raising d. social liberation b. commitment e. countering c. self-reevaluation 2. Life expectancy at birth in the United States has increased to an all-time high of 76 years for men and ________ years for women. a. 84.2 b. 83.7 c. 86.8 d. 80.9 e. 81.5 3. What change process applies to Theresa's retrieval of all the candy bars she had stashed around the house and her subsequent donation of the candy to a local scout troop? a. countering d. self-reevaluation b. environmental control e. reward c. commitment 4. According to the American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment survey 33 percent of undergraduates ________ . a. said they never feel rested b. had consumed five or more drinks within the past two weeks in one sitting c. said they get enough sleep to feel rested in the morning six or more days a week d. got the recommended amounts of physical activity e. had used marijuana in the previous month 5. Based on the latest findings by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly a third of Americans over age 20 have ________ . a. high cholesterol b. hypotension c. cancer d. diabetes e. hypertension 6. Establishing smoke-free zones and enforcing alcohol policies on college campuses illustrate a new emphasis on ________ . a. wellness programs b. social health c. intellectual health d. health promotion e. social norms 7. A(n) ________ approach integrates all aspects of health, and views health and the individual as a whole rather than piece-by-piece. a. universal b. multidimensional c. holistic d. cultural e. intellectual Chapter 2 Post-Test 1. With respect to gender differences in the sleeping patterns on college campuses, male students generally ________ . a. have poorer sleep patterns than female students b. sleep better as the academic year progresses c. sleep better at the beginning of the academic year d. have the same sleep patterns as female students e. report more sleep disturbances than female students 2. Paul has started keeping a diary and begins each day by recording something for which he is thankful. Which psychotherapy technique is he using? a. self-worth intervention b. gratitude intervention c. autonomy d. alternative nonstimulant treatment e. deep brain stimulation 3. Which anxiety disorder is associated with an accelerated heart rate, muscle aches, intestinal pains, and irritability? a. panic disorder b. generalized anxiety disorder c. OCD d. claustrophobia e. agoraphobia Chapter 3 Post-Test 1. What type of stressors are traumatic experiences that occurred long ago, such as child abuse or combat, yet continue to have an emotional and psychological impact? a. brief naturalistic stressors b. acute time-limited stressors c. distant stressors d. life change events e. chronic stressors 2. What stress-management technique involves attaching an electronic monitoring device to the body to detect internal physiological activities? a. mindfulness b. guided imagery c. biofeedback d. visualization e. meditation 3. As individuals age, the ________ , which governs reason and forethought, plays a greater role in dealing with daily stressors and helps put challenges into perspective. a. thalamus b. hippocampus c. amygdala d. frontal cortex e. hypothalamus 4. What type of stressor is Michael enduring as he tries to calculate a proper tip to give the waiter? a. brief naturalistic stressors b. chronic stressors c. distant stressors d. life change events e. acute time-limited stressors 5. Which stress hormone helps prepare the body for fight or flight? a. cortisol b. serotonin c. leptin d. estrogen e. testosterone Chapter 4 Post-Test 1. Norm visits Facebook every day but seldom posts content on his or anyone else's page. Instead, he spends most of his time " ________ " to see what other people are saying or doing. a. reporting b. stalking c. phishing d. squatting e. lurking 2. What does your text say is the first stage of both heterosexual and same-sex long-term relationships? a. merging assets b. nesting c. co-actualizing d. building trust e. blending 3. Salma frequently posts updates to her relationship status on Facebook, regardless of the "newness" of the relationship or breakup. In what type of behavior is she engaging? a. self-awareness b. self-denial c. self-actualization d. self-disclosure e. self-expansion 4. What is one potential result of engaging in sexting as an online communication tool? a. more awareness of the dangers of sexually transmitted diseases b. ability to "vet out" partners early on c. more social support due to transparency d. more opportunities for long-term relationships e. negative fallout from the misuse of the original message 5. Linguists studying gender differences in communication have found that men ________ . a. are less assertive in their blog posts b. speak less often and for shorter periods in public c. maintain more eye contact when talking to other men d. write briefer, more utilitarian e-mails e. use fewer numbers in their writing 6. Gabrielle's partner stumbles in at 5 A.M. again after a night of drinking with friends, and spends the rest of the day in bed. She tells her family that Matthew can't make it for dinner that night because he's worn out from a rough week at work. In essence, Gabrielle is ________ . a. protecting herself b. abandoning him c. distancing herself d. guilting him e. enabling him 7. Which of Robert Sternberg's six types of love is characterized by passion, intimacy, and commitment over time? a. secure love b. companionate love c. fatuous love d. romantic love e. consummate love 8. According to a recent American College Health Association (ACHA) survey, approximately nine percent of students reported being in a(n) ________ relationship within the last year. a. emotionally abusive b. physically abusive c. monogamous d. sexually abusive e. codependent 9. As working parents, Neil and Felicia try to set aside at least two hours a night to spend with their children. Based on this description, we can call them a ________ . a. traditional family b. fractured family c. pluralistic family d. blended family e. juggler family 10. What is one of the five factors that your text cites as increasing the likelihood of a hookup? a. wanting to "try it out" b. being on the "rebound" c. having an outgoing personality d. feeling isolated e. knowing the person through a friend 11. Lisa generally enjoys being with other people, but at the same time, she worries a great deal about how she looks and whether she will say the right thing. What term best describes her behavior? a. self-consciously shy b. fearfully shy c. obsessively shy d. socially awkward e. socially impaired 12. Olivia has gained some weight over the past couple of months because of her unhealthy eating habits and avoidance of the gym. Over roughly the same time period, Olivia's close friends also adopted these habits and gained weight. In addition, these trends have been passed along to their friends. This is an example of social ________ . a. bias b. contagion c. connection d. support e. networking 13. What type of couples therapy involves teaching partners to sharpen both their communication and conflict-resolution skills? a. emotionally focused therapy b. behavioral marital therapy c. parallel psychoanalysis d. insight-oriented marital therapy e. translocation therapy 14. Jayden assists at the local food pantry to fulfill a service-learning component of his sociology class. As a result of this experience, Jayden is more likely to ________ . a. commit to future volunteer work b. show physical symptoms of stress c. realize that big institutions are the key to social solutions d. blame people for their own misfortunes e. feel a sense of hopelessness in solving society's ills Chapter 6 Post-Test 1. Compulsive overeating tends to be more prevalent in men than women. a. True b. False 2. One major reason for the epidemic of obesity in the United States is that portion sizes have increased by two to five times in the last 20 years. a. True b. False 3. College students-particularly women-are at risk for unhealthy eating behaviors because of unrealistic issues related to body image. a. True b. False 4. Body mass index (BMI), a ratio between weight and height, is a mathematical formula that correlates with body fat. a. True b. False 5. A waist to hip ratio (WHR) of less than 0.80 is an indicator of shape-related health risks. a. True b. False 6. Two ways to avoid gaining weight while attending college are to eat out more and to eat with friends. a. True b. False 7. If a person is too thin and needs to gain weight, the best way to do it is to eat food high in fats. a. True b. False 8. Experts advise a minimum of 30 minutes of daily, moderate intensity physical exercise to maintain a healthy weight. a. True b. False 9. Some factors that seem to indicate a person may be likely to have an eating disorder are: preoccupation with a thin body, social pressure, and perfectionism and excessive cautiousness a. True b. False 10. The simplest way to think about weight loss is that it simply involves eating less and exercising more. a. True b. False 11. A key component of a healthy weight loss diet is a daily caloric intake of about ________ . a. 500 calories less than usual b. 200 calories less than usual c. 2200 calories less than usual d. 2000 calories less than usual e. 1500 calories less than usual 12. Which method of ascertaining body composition for the purpose of evaluating health is based on a comparison of weight to height? a. Skinfold measurement b. Body mass index c. Waist-to-hip ratio d. Bod Pod e. Waist circumference 13. Many college women fall victim to disordered eating because of ________ . a. an unrealistic body image b. limited access to healthy food c. mental illness and lack of treatment d. an inadequate knowledge of nutrition e. underestimating their weight and eating less 14. Approximately ________ percent of people with Type 2 diabetes are overweight. a. 60 b. 50 c. 40 d. 70 e. 80 15. The most common eating disorder is ________ . a. bulimia nervosa b. extreme dieting d. anorexia nervosa e. compulsive eating Chapter 10 Post-Test 1. If not treated early, meningitis can lead to ________ . a. kidney failure b. brain damage d. atherosclerosis e. pneumonia c. binge eating c. liver impairment 2. What psychosocial factor, in addition to positive emotions, can protect the heart? a. financial security b. social status c. occupation d. education e. family involvement 3. What is a sign of metabolic syndrome? a. Lower-than-normal fasting blood sugar b. Higher-than-normal high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level c. Larger-than-normal waist measurement d. Lower-than-normal low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level e. Lower-than-normal blood pressure 4. Which risk factor for cardiometabolic can an individual reasonably control? a. family history b. level of exercise c. gender d. ethnicity e. age 5. If the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to process the glucose absorbed after a meal, ________ . a. excess glucose pools in the small intestine and is eventually passed out of the body b. glucose in the blood is unable to enter most body cells c. glucose is stored as fat d. excess glucose is converted to protein and is subsequently catabolized e. glucose is stored in the liver as glycogen 6. Statin drugs work by ________ . a. promoting digestion of cholesterol by insulin b. promoting the production of insulin in the pancreas c. promoting the production of insulin in the liver d. blocking production of cholesterol in the liver e. blocking production of cholesterol in the pancreas 7. Which organ is part of the lymphatic system? a. kidney b. spleen c. liver d. pancreas e. gall bladder 8. What is a specific step that one can use to lower high blood pressure? a. Increase sodium intake and decrease potassium intake. b. Choose a high protein diet, with plenty of red meat. c. Avoid caffeinated energy drinks. d. Eat a high-dairy foods diet. e. Avoid nuts and dairy products. 9. What type of viruses cause most spring, summer, and early fall colds and tend to cause more symptoms above the neck (stuffy nose, headache, and runny eyes)? a. enteroviruses b. rhinoviruses c. adenoviruses d. influenza viruses e. retroviruses 10. Which form of hepatitis is a less serious form, generally transmitted by poor sanitation, and is less common in industrialized nations than in developing countries? a. hepatitis E b. hepatitis A c. hepatitis C d. hepatitis B e. hepatitis delta 11. What type of cancer that has been linked with infectious agents? a. Prostate b. Pancreatic c. Brain d. Lung e. Cervical 12. ________ may be responsible, at least in part, for a rise in the incidence of cervical cancer among younger women. a. HIV b. Herpes viruses c. Retroviruses d. Herpes viruses e. Papillomaviruse 13. Women experience heart attacks somewhat differently than men. Which symptom is reported by far fewer women than men? a. A clammy sweat during the heart attack b. Chest pain c. Shortness of breath preceding the heart attack d. Nausea during the heart attack e. Weakness and fatigue preceding the heart attack 14. Difficulty speaking and walking after a stroke, as well as loss of memory, are probably caused by ________ during the stroke. a. increased blood pressure b. heart arrhythmias c. the brain tissue being deprived of oxygen d. the loss of consciousness e. the brain tissue being flooded with blood 15. ________ is the most commonly reported vector-borne infectious disease in the United States and is spread by ixodid ticks that carry a particular bacterium. a. Avian flu b. Lyme disease c. West Nile virus d. Epstein-Barr virus e. MRSA Chapter 11 Post-Test 1. One reason why Ritalin and other stimulants are the most widely abused prescription drugs on campus is that they ________ . a. are relatively inexpensive b. are viewed as harmless c. are not addictive d. relieve headaches e. lower blood pressure 2. Julie filled her prescription for the pain killer hydrocodone but gave the pills to her sister. What type of behavior does this exhibit? a. drug abuse b. drug independence c. drug misuse d. drug dependence e. drug diversion 3. If you hear someone at a party ask where they can score some "beans," they are looking for ________ . a. GBH b. cocaine c. synthetic marijuana d. MDMA e. methamphetamine 4. What brain chemical is affected by a shot of whiskey, a winning poker hand, and the taste of a chocolate chip cookie? a. serotonin b. dopamine c. norepinephrine d. GHB e. epinephrine 5. What is the most common method of taking a drug? a. swallowing a pill b. inhaling a spray d. getting a shot in the arm e. receiving an IV c. receiving a muscle injection 6. Based on a study of drug use on campus, one distinction between "dopers" and "pill poppers" is that ________ . a. "pill poppers" have relatively high GPAs and "dopers" have relatively low GPAs b. "dopers" use illicit drugs and "pill poppers" abuse prescription drugs c. "pill poppers" are likely to be more physically fit than "dopers" d. "dopers" abuse prescription drugs and "pill poppers" use illicit drugs e. "dopers" are more likely to be female and "pill poppers" are more likely to male 7. At age 18, Jeremy is considered at risk for problem gambling because he ________ . a. consistently wins b. gambles with friends c. feels depressed when he gambles d. behaves rationally while gambling e. gambles alone 8. Despite its street name of "peace pill", which drug has been shown to cause violent behavior among either first-time or long-time users? a. Demerol b. salvia c. ketamine d. LSD e. PCP 9. Which soft drink has the lowest caffeine content? a. Mello Yello b. Mountain Dew c. Pepsi-Cola d. Diet Coke e. Dr Pepper 10. Addictive behavior that strains and eventually severs ties to family, friends, colleagues, and classmates has damaged a drug user's ________ health. a. intellectual b. environmental c. psychological d. spiritual e. social 11. Bradley prefers smoking marijuana but regularly uses PCP, cocaine, and other drugs. What term describes Bradley's behavior? a. toxicity b. intoxication c. polyabuse d. dependence e. tolerance 12. Today, a marijuana cigarette contains ________ mg of THC, compared to ________ mg in the 1960s. a. 120; 40 b. 100; 50 c. 60; 100 d. 20; 50 e. 150; 10 13. Scientific research indicates that the most popular form of drug abuse treatment is ________ . a. counseling b. monitoring c. medication d. detoxification e. intervention 14. Generic drugs and their brand-name counterparts share the same active ingredients, but their fillers and binders may not be the same. This difference can affect the ________ . a. absorption of a drug b. route of administration for a drug c. toxicity of a drug d. physical side effects of a drug e. strength of a drug 15. What risk does Sara run if she takes more than the recommended daily dosage of Tylenol gel caps for headache relief? a. kidney failure b. liver failure c. bleeding ulcers d. irritable bowel syndrome e. heart failure Chapter 12 Post-Test 1. What is the leading alcohol-related cause of death? a. injury b. heart disease d. hepatitis e. cirrhosis of the liver c. liver cancer 2. Michael's roommate, Terence, has arrived home obviously inebriated. What should Michael do to help him recover? a. Have him eat a sandwich. b. Insist that he keep walking. c. Continually monitor him. d. Put him in a cold shower. e. Have him drink a cup of coffee. 3. Research related to drinking alcohol on college campuses indicates that ________ . a. students of Asian descent drink more than Caucasians b. fewer female students drink now than in the past c. students at two-year college are particularly heavy drinkers d. binge drinking is more common among graduating seniors e. most students drink to get drunk 4. Gender differences abound with respect to consumption of alcohol. One such difference is that women ________ . a. become intoxicated much more slowly b. drink alone more often c. drink more frequently than men d. are less likely to suffer liver damage than men e. binge drink more often 5. What characteristic applies to so-called "social smokers?" a. They are less motivated to quit smoking than heavy smokers. b. They usually sneak a cigarette in private. c. They average a pack of cigarettes per week. d. They don't smoke enough to raise their risk of cancer. e. They don't smoke enough to raise their risk of heart disease. 6. What percentage of Americans are lifetime abstainers from alcohol? a. 25% b. 10% c. 5% d. 15% e. 20% 7. What smoking-cessation program includes tactics such as taking drugs that ruin the taste of tobacco smoke or having smoke blown in your face? a. nicotine-replacement therapy b. "cold turkey" c. aversion therapy d. Freshstart e. Zyban 8. Smoking cigarettes makes your heart beat faster and harder. One consequence of this is that ________ . a. HDL cholesterol decreases b. blood vessels dilate c. blood pressure increases d. blood thins e. LDL cholesterol builds up 9. Teenage girls who smoke are at an increased risk for what medical condition? a. osteoporosis b. arthritis c. diabetes d. cleft lip e. clinical depression 10. What component of cigarette smoke interferes with the ability of the hemoglobin in the blood to carry oxygen and impairs normal functioning of the nervous system? a. carbon monoxide b. benzene c. nitrogen dioxide d. tar e. ammonia 11. Popular in India for centuries, what skinny, sweet cigarettes are gaining popularity among teens and young adults? a. "spit" b. bidis c. kreteks d. snus e. hubble-bubble 12. Melissa's doctor has advised her to have no more than five drinks a week. Based on the definition of a standard drink, this prescribed consumption would total ________ . a. 10 ounces of gin b. 50 ounces of beer c. 5 ounces of vodka d. 15 ounces of bourbon whiskey e. 30 ounces of table wine 13. What term applies to the smoke emitted by a burning cigarette and breathed by everyone in a closed room? a. sidestream smoke b. combustible smoke c. smoldering smoke d. mainstream smoke e. thirdhand smoke 14. What condition is characterized by impaired control of drinking, a preoccupation with alcohol, and continued use of alcohol despite adverse consequences? a. tolerance b. withdrawal c. alcoholism d. denial e. alcoholic use disorder 15. Based on research related to tobacco use, smoking is highest among which group? a. Hispanics b. people over age 65 c. Asians d. lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons e. residents of Utah Chapter 13 Post-Test 1. When conducting physical examinations, what do most doctors do first? a. Palpate the abdomen to assess tenderness. b. Listen to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope. c. Inspect the body for unusual marks or growths. d. Take a blood pressure reading. e. Tap around the joints to check for fluids. 2. Under provisions of the Affordable Care Act, college students can buy a catastrophic health plan if they are under age ________ . a. 26 b. 30 c. 24 d. 28 e. 32 3. Student health centers on most college campuses are restricted to matters of physical education and basic hygiene. a. True b. False 4. In the managed care lexicon, the set price that an HMO pays to a doctor or hospital, regardless of the type or number of medical services provided, is known as ________ . a. point-of-service b. a fixed contract c. coverage d. a deductible e. capitation 5. Candace is troubled by her "love handles." What cosmetic surgery might she consider? a. chemical peel b. implants c. liposuction d. Botox® injection e. laser surgery 6. What is the basis of most medical malpractice lawsuits against physicians? a. failure to provide information b. negligence c. breach of privacy d. failure to obtain consent e. breach of promise 7. Healthcare products that guarantee a cure to what ails you or "your money back" should be disregarded as ________ . a. mind-body "medicine" b. holistic "care" c. quackery d. homeopathy e. naturopathy 8. Understanding why medical checkups are necessary, scheduling preventive tests (e.g., Pap smears), and taking prescribed medications, are all characteristics of ________ . a. informed consent b. health maintenance c. naturopathy d. holistic care e. health literacy 9. Self-care comprises good oral care, appropriate screening tests, knowing your medical rights, and understanding the health-care system. a. True b. False 10. Larry's dentist told him that he had gingivitis. What did the dentist find under Larry's gum line? a. tar b. discoloration c. plaque d. wax e. tartar 11. Recommended treatments and diagnoses of specific health problems based on available medical research are known collectively as ________ . a. holistic care b. patient outcomes c. managed care d. practice guidelines e. health maintenance 12. With respect to vital signs, which reading reflects a normal value? a. A temperature of 97.9 degrees Fahrenheit early in the evening b. A pulse rate of 80 beats per minute c. A blood pressure reading of 135/95 d. A temperature of 99.9 degrees Fahrenheit early in the morning e. A respiration rate of 15-20 breaths per minute 13. What CAM therapy applies to Walter's consumption of more vegetables, abstention from salt, and and periodic steam baths? a. ayurveda b. naturopathy c. homeopathy d. biofeedback e. phytotherapy 14. As a result of the Affordable Care Act, health analysts foresee more clinicians and patients a. holistic medicine b. shared decision making c. integrative medicine d. point-of-service e. preferred provider organization 15. Ginger's urinalysis suggests she may have a kidney disease because abnormal amounts of ________ were found in her urine. a. uric acid b. albumin c. glucose d. plaque e. fat Chapter 14 Post-Test 1. What type of water accounts for 25 to 30 percent of the bottled variety? a. tap water b. glacial melt c. mountain stream d. well water e. filtered seawater 2. What environmental pollutant is released when fossil fuels are burned? a. carbon dioxide b. sulfur dioxide c. nitrous oxide d. ozone e. methane 3. As part of her sorority initiation, Joan has been ridiculed, forced to drink alcohol, deprived of sleep, and paddled and burned by other students. She is a victim of what type of activity? a. hate crimes b. hazing c. stalking d. gender slurs e. intimidation 4. What silent killer is tasteless, odorless, colorless, nonirritating, and can be produced by incomplete fuel combustion in a space heater? a. formaldehyde b. asbestos c. lead d. carbon monoxide e. radon 5. Synthetic chemicals that act as, or interfere with, human hormones are known as ________ . a. endocrine disruptors b. bioterror agents c. dispersants d. EMFs e. aerosols 6. What unintentional injury is responsible for the most deaths among college-age men and women? a. drowning b. motor vehicle accidents c. falls d. asphyxiation e. poisoning 7. Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Stachybotrys are types of common ________ . a. flame retardants b. pesticides c. molds d. detergents e. foam insulation 8. Constance has a tendency to daydream while behind the wheel? What type of driving distraction is this? a. cognitive b. manual c. conscious d. visual e. reflective 9. An environmental agent that alters DNA is known as a(n) ________ . a. allergen b. mutagen c. acute pollutant d. chronic pollutant e. carcinogen 10. What source of sound has the decibel level that is the most hazardous to your hearing? a. chain saw b. hair dryer c. rock concert d. subway train e. video arcade 11. The government-mandated SAR (specific absorption rate) applies to what product? a. electric blanket b. sunscreen c. cell phone d. microwave oven e. X-ray equipment 12. Carol's nurse hygienist has just taken an X-ray of Carol's teeth. To what has Carol been exposed? a. endocrine disruptors b. ionizing radiation c. formaldehyde d. nitrogen dioxide e. fluoride 13. What medical condition, sometimes attributed to breathing polluted air, is characterized by excessive mucus flow and continuous coughing? a. chronic bronchitis b. summer cold c. bronchial asthma d. emphysema e. pneumonia 14. What type of rape is defined as a premeditated attack motivated by a desire to dominate and control another person? a. anger rape b. acquaintance rape c. sadistic rape d. power rape e. sexual gratification rape 15. What age group is the most likely to be the target of gun violence? a. age 35-44 b. age 55-64 c. age 15-24 d. age 25-34 e. age 45-54

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