Final Project

Anonymous
timer Asked: May 6th, 2017

Question description

Guidelines for the Final Project May 9, 2017

You can find this homework under the assignments tab in black board.

Due via email – paul.grant@eku.edu - by noon.

Length – 8 – 10 pages 1 ½ spaced, APA 6th edition format. Include pictures, charts/graphs, title page and bibliography.

Please follow these basic specifications and planning guidelines when preparing your final project:

Purpose

  • To explore with some depth a topic of general interest within your field
  • To acquaint you with the sorts of professional writing within the emergency services industry
  • To introduce you to the sorts of publications opened to those within emergency services,
  • To hone your writing skills

Audience


Choose the audience most pertinent to the type of publication you have selected and adjust your writing style to what you believe they will need or appreciate Write in common language for the everyday reader. Remember: this article is for non-experts.

Evidence

Your article should be fully researched and well developed, with adequate details, explanations and examples. When you use information from an outside source, you must cite it according to APA documentation guidelines and note the source in a resource list.

Organization

Your article should begin by pulling the reader in, zero in on your focus, and then begin to develop your evidence or content in a logical fashion. Keep like discussions together. Use headings to point out major alterations in topic, then subheadings to break up longer sections.

Format

  • The article should be eight or more pages in length if not done in a columnar fashion; if done in columns, it should be about five to six pages. [The length does not include title page, table of contents, pictures or bibliography]
  • It should be 1 ½ -spaced. Double-space only above and below headings and around illustrations.
  • It should include a title and a byline (include byline either at front or at and of article).
  • It should include internal headings.
  • It should use at least five outside sources unless I have approved otherwise.
  • It should use illustrations.
  • It should follow documentation procedures found in the APA guidelines. The pages should be numbered.
  • BOTTOM LINE: your article should look like an article from a magazine, so spend some time formatting it in a professional manner. Include “sidebars” (short related stories) as necessary. Be creative with fonts for titles, with insertions of the illustrations, and with such things as quotations blocked or boxed across two columns.

Tone

Clear. Direct. Persuasive. Enthusiastic. Confident but not cocky. Never condescending. You might be talking to an audience of non-experts, but you should never talk down to them!

Guidelines for the Final Project May 9, 2017 Due via email – paul.grant@eku.edu - by noon. Length – 8 – 10 pages 1 ½ spaced, APA 6th edition format. Include pictures, charts/graphs, title page and bibliography. Please follow these basic specifications and planning guidelines when preparing your final project: Purpose • • • • To explore with some depth a topic of general interest within your field To acquaint you with the sorts of professional writing within the emergency services industry To introduce you to the sorts of publications opened to those within emergency services, To hone your writing skills Audience Choose the audience most pertinent to the type of publication you have selected and adjust your writing style to what you believe they will need or appreciate Write in common language for the everyday reader. Remember: this article is for non-experts. Evidence Your article should be fully researched and well developed, with adequate details, explanations and examples. When you use information from an outside source, you must cite it according to APA documentation guidelines and note the source in a resource list. Organization Your article should begin by pulling the reader in, zero in on your focus, and then begin to develop your evidence or content in a logical fashion. Keep like discussions together. Use headings to point out major alterations in topic, then subheadings to break up longer sections. Format • The article should be eight or more pages in length if not done in a columnar fashion; if done in columns, it should be about five to six pages. [The length does not include title page, table of contents, pictures or bibliography] • It should be 1 ½ -spaced. Double-space only above and below headings and around illustrations. • It should include a title and a byline (include byline either at front or at and of article). • It should include internal headings. • It should use at least five outside sources unless I have approved otherwise. • It should use illustrations. • It should follow documentation procedures found in the APA guidelines. The pages should be numbered. • BOTTOM LINE: your article should look like an article from a magazine, so spend some time formatting it in a professional manner. Include “sidebars” (short related stories) as necessary. Be creative with fonts for titles, with insertions of the illustrations, and with such things as quotations blocked or boxed across two columns. Tone Clear. Direct. Persuasive. Enthusiastic. Confident but not cocky. Never condescending. You might be talking to an audience of non-experts, but you should never talk down to them!
Waste Oil Treatment Technical report Submitted to Paul J. Grant By Abdulrahman Natheer August 2, 2015 Waste oil treatment technical report Table of content ………………………….……………….2 Introduction……………………………………………..3 Waste or used oil……………………………….…………3 Treatment and recycling……………………………………3-4 Recycling into heavy oil…………………………………3 Recycling into supplement fuel……………………………..4 Treatment and Recycling of Sludge…………………………..4 Waste oil collecting…………………………….…………..4 Waste oil treatment process…………………………..………4-7 Pre-treatment or Dewatering……………………...………..4 Filtering …………………………………...………5 Distillation …………………………….……………6 Conclusion ………………………………….…………..7 Appendix………………………………………….……8 Bibliography…………………………………..…………9 Table of content 2 Waste oil treatment technical report Introduction Waste oil is defined as any petroleum based oil that, through contamination, has become unsuitable for its original purpose due to the presence of impurities or loss of original properties. Oil is really valuable source and taking advantage of every part of it will save any company a good amount of money. In each plant in any refinery there should be a waste oil refining system but unfortunately not every refining company is following this process or refining their waste oil. Refining the waste oil could increase the production and lower environmental pollution. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has published an article about gathering and collecting used oil for recycling and to reuse. According to EPA, in the United States only, there are approximately 200 million gallons of waste oil are improperly disposed of by being dumped on the ground, sent to landfill or poured down storm sewers and drains. EPA says that if all of the waste oil that is improperly disposed of were properly managed, the United States could save thousands of barrels of oil each day. Used or waste oil that is properly handled can be re-refined into lubricants, processed into fuel oils, and used as raw materials for the refining and petrochemical industries. Waste or used oil Waste or used oil is any oil refined from crude oil or any synthetic oil that has been used and as a result of such use is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities. Includes oil used for the purpose of lubrication that becomes contaminated as a result of such use and residues and sludges derived from used oil. (40 CFR Part 279). Treatment and recycling ➢ Recycling into heavy oil: By getting rid of moisture and impurities contained in the waste oil, heavy oil product is produced. ➢ Recycling into supplement fuel: 3 Waste oil treatment technical report The waste oil which is difficult to recycle into heavy oil (containing water, mud, others) is mixed and adjusted to recycle into coal-alternative supplement fuel ➢ Treatment and Recycling of Sludge: Through the intermediate treatments sludge will be converted into raw materials. Some part of oil containing sludge is sold as wooden biofuel after mixing with wooden chips. Waste oil collecting There are many effective ways to be used to collect waste oil. For example: ➢ Drain funnels ➢ Waste oil sum pits ➢ Vacuum tankers Waste oil treatment process ➢ Pre-treatment or Dewatering: Pre-treatment of waste oil involves removing any water within the oil, known as dewatering. One way of doing this is by placing it in large settling tanks, which separates the oil and water. Further recycling steps include: • • Filtering of the oil, to remove any solids, inorganic material and certain additives present in the oil, producing a cleaner burner fuel or feed oil for further refining; Distillation to produce re-refined base oil suitable for use as a lubricant, hydraulic or transformer oil. This process is very similar to the process undergone by virgin oil. Water is found in used oil as free water or bound water. Dewatering is a simple process relying on the separation of aqueous and oil phases over time under the influence of gravity. The used oil is allowed to stand in a tank (raw waste oil) and free water drops to the bottom where it can be drained, treated (waste water treatment) and discharged appropriately to sewer or storm water depending on regulations. The picture below is showing the dewatering process. 4 Waste oil treatment technical report Pre-treatment or Dewatering system ➢ Filtering: The purpose of filtering is to remove inorganic materials and certain additives from used oil to produce a cleaner burner fuel or feed for re-refining. The picture below is showing the filtering process. After that, addressed waste and used oil collecting methods and defined each one of them. Then, explained waste and used oil treatment process 5 Waste oil treatment technical report Filtering system ➢ Distillation: This is the final step in the process to get final products. Distillation or Fractionation is the physical separation of components of lubricating oil by boiling range. Depending on the type of distillation, the boiling ranges can produce gases and gasoline at the lower boiling points with heavy lubricating oils being distilled at higher boiling points. Distillation is the core process for a facility capable of producing re-refined base-oils to virgin base-oil quality. The picture below is showing the distillation process. 6 Waste oil treatment technical report Distillation process Conclusion In conclusion, this report took us in depth through waste or used oil treatment. Defined waste and used oil and got the number of gallons of waste and used oil disposed in United States. Also, addressed the ways of waste and used oil treatment and defined each one of them. Went in depth in the steps of waste and used oil treatment. 7 Waste oil treatment technical report Appendix 8 Waste oil treatment technical report Bibliography Finex, Russell. "Oil Treatment: Turning Waste Oil into Profit." (2010): 4041. Web. 2 Aug. 2015. Recycle, Reuse. "Environmentally Friendly & EPA Approved." Clean Burn Environmental Advantages. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Aug. 2015. Department of the Environment "Uses for Recycled Oil.” N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Aug. 2015. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region. Used Oil Guidance (2005): n. pag. Web. 2 Aug. 2015. Daiseki Co., Ltd. (Nagoya City, Aichi Pref). Recycling and Waste Treatment (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 2 Aug. 2015. 9

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