quiz on phil

Anonymous
timer Asked: May 15th, 2017

Question description

Identify any logical fallacies contained in this passage:

“Everyone is selfish; everyone is doing what they believe will make them happier. The recognition of that can take most of the sting out of accusations that you’re being “selfish.” Why should you feel guilty for seeking your own happiness when that’s what everyone else is doing, too?”

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Question 2

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Identify the most accurate sentential counterpart to the natural language proposition below:

“Delta advertises a sale and either United lowers fares or American hires pilots.”

D = “Delta advertises a sale”; U = “United lowers fares”; A = “American hires pilots”

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Question 3

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Identify the causal condition expressed in the following statement:

“Flipping the wall switch to the ‘up’ position causes the overhead lights to go on.”

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Question 4

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Identify any logical fallacies contained in this passage:

“Evolution teaches that matter and energy occasionally combine to form life. If we examine a jar of

peanut butter, it contains matter and is exposed to energy (heat and light). We don’t see life form inside

a peanut butter jar. Collectively, people perform this experiment over a billion times per year for a

century and no new life has ever evolved.”

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Question 5

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A claim/proposition is:

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Question 6

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Identify the causal condition expressed in the following statement:

“If someone sees viruses, then that person uses a microscope.”

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Question 7

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Identify the claim(s) from the choices below:

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Question 8

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Appeal to reason is a fallacy.

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Question 9

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Which of the following is/are aspects of the formal definition of philosophy:

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Question 10

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Identify the most accurate sentential counterpart to the natural language proposition below:

“If American hires pilots then both Delta is advertising a sale and Southwest is expanding routes.”

A = “American hires pilots”; D = “Delta is advertising a sale”; S = “Southwest is expanding routes”

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Question 11

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Questions and commands are admissible in an argument.

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Question 12

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Identify the causal condition expressed in the following statement:

“Air travel allows people to travel long distances in a short amount of time.”

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Question 13

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Identify the most accurate sentential counterpart to the natural language proposition below:

“If either Continental is buying planes or United is lowering fares, then Frontier is improving service.”

C = “Continental is buying planes”; U = “United is lowering fares”; F = “Frontier is improving service”

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Question 14

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Identify any logical fallacies contained in this passage:

“All atheists hate God.”

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Question 15

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Identify the most accurate sentential counterpart to the natural language proposition below:

“If either American does not hire pilots or United does not lower fares, then Southwest expands routes.”

A = “American hires pilots”; U = “United’s lowers fares”; S = “Southwest expands routes”

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Question 16

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Identify the most accurate sentential counterpart to the natural language proposition below:

“If either Avis is buying new cars or Thrifty is laying off workers, then Hertz is running a sale and Budget

is lowering rates.”

A = “Avis is buying new cars”; T = “Thrifty is laying off workers”; H = “Hertz is running a sale’; B =

“Budget is lowering rates”

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Question 17

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San Francisco is in California.

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Question 18

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Identify any logical fallacies contained in this passage:

“Red has hit on the past 75 roulette wheel spins. So, it is certain that black will hit in the next few spins.”

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Question 19

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A deductive argument is valid if and only if it is impossible for a false conclusion to follow from all true premises.

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Question 20

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Identify the causal condition expressed in the following statement:

“If a person is alive, then they have a persistent heart beat.”

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Question 21

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The following argument is missing a proposition. Determine the missing proposition to correctly identify the argument form from the choices below.

1. K → T

2.

3. ∼K

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Question 22

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The following argument is missing a proposition. Determine the missing proposition to correctly identify the argument form from the choices below.

1. U v ∼(W · X)

2.

3. ∼(W · X)

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Question 23

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The following argument is missing a proposition. Determine the missing proposition to correctly identify the argument form from the choices below.

1. ∼M v N

2. (M S) · (N T)

3.

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Question 24

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The following argument is missing a proposition. Determine the missing proposition to correctly identify the argument form from the choices below.

1. K → L

2. (K L) [(R S) · (T U)]

3.



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Question 25

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The following argument is missing a proposition. Determine the missing proposition to correctly identify the argument form from the choices below.

1. (∼R → F) · (B → H)

2.

3. R v ∼B

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Question 26

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Determine if the following argument is either valid or invalid using the truth table below.

1. A v N

2. N

3. A

This argument is

A N A ∨ N N A
T T
T F
F T
F F

Question 27

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Determine if the following argument is either valid or invalid using the truth table below:

1. ∼(G · M)

2. M v ∼G

3. ∼G

This argument is

G M ∼(G · M) M v ∼G ∼G
T T
T F
F T
F F



Question 28

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Determine if the following argument is either valid or invalid using the truth table below:

1. ∼(W · ∼X)

2. (X · W)

3. X v W

This argument is

W X ∼(W · ∼X) ∼(X · ∼W) X v W
T T
T F
F T
F F

Question 29

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Determine if the following argument is either valid or invalid using the truth table below:

1. J → (K → L)

2. K (J L)

3. (J v K) → L

This argument is

J K L J → (K → L) K → (J → L) (J v K) → L
T T T
T T F
T F T
T F F
F T T
F T F
F F T
F F F



Question 30

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Determine if the following argument is either valid or invalid using the truth table below:

1. A → B

2. (A · B) C

3. A → (B → C)

This argument is

A B C A → B (A · B) → C A → (B → C)
T T T
T T F
T F T
T F F
F T T
F T F
F F T
F F F



Question 31

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Use the drop-down boxes below to complete the following natural deduction proof:

1. ~Y → (U → ~P)

2. ~C → (~P → Y)

3. C v ~Y

4. ~ C /~U

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Question 32

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Use the drop-down boxes below to complete the following natural deduction proof:

1. ∼R → [R v (O → R)]

2. (O v D) → ∼R

3. O v D / D

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Question 33

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Use the drop-down boxes below to complete the following natural deduction proof:

1. A → [∼T → (G → ∼X)]

2. ∼X → T

3. T v A

4. ∼T /∼G

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Question 34

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Use the drop-down boxes below to complete the following natural deduction proof:

1. ∼Z → [(F → P) → (Z v ∼P)]

2. ∼Q → P

3. F → ∼Q

4. ∼Z / ∼F

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Question 35

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Use the drop-down boxes below to complete the following natural deduction proof:

1. (P → B) → (S → W)

2. (P → S) → (S → B)

3. (P → W) → ∼B

4. P → S / ∼P

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

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