anatomy and physiology

timer Asked: Aug 16th, 2013

Question description

1.  Please define the terms anatomy and physiology. 2 points

Explain the connection between anatomy and physiology within the human body; basically how do they influence one another? 2 points

Using the terminology of the anatomical landmarks/regions and directional terms, please write 2 example sentences with proper usage. For example, “the axilla region is superior to the cubital region of the body”. 2 points

2.  Compare and contrast the two feedback mechanisms our bodies use to maintain homeostasis. 3 points

What would happen if our thermoregulation (temperature control) used a positive feedback to maintain homeostasis? 2 points

3.  Please define pH and briefly describe the pH scale. 2 points

Do you think all of our body fluids (stomach juice or blood, as examples) are the same pH? Why or why not? 2 points

How do pH changes affect protein (enzyme) function? 1 point

How could this interfere with the body's physiology? 1 point

4.  The plasma membrane (cell membrane) is a dynamic component of the cell. What is the plasma membrane composed (made) of? 2 points

Compare and contrast active and passive transport. 2 points

5.  What would happen to the cell and body function if there were damage to the mitochondria? 1 point

Damage to the Ribosomes? 1 point

Damage to the DNA? 1 point

Damage to the receptors on the plasma (cell) membrane? 1 point

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