bioethics: how fast can a cat run

timer Asked: Dec 8th, 2017

Question description

  1. gemome editing, and what are their similarities and differences. Then, evaluate: what role, if any, an Asilomar-type approach to scientific self-regulation should serve in governance of these sorts of science and technology? What implications does this have for the proper role of the public in shaping ethical debate and policy in this area?
  2. How should we envision the purpose (scope, mandate, membership, authority) of a national bioethics council or commission in the 21st century?
  3. Gestational surrogacy and (paid) egg donation are largely unregulated in the United States. Briefly review why this is the case, and what consequences this has had where questions of parental identity, rights and responsibilities have arisen in relation to IVF. Then offer a set of well-justified recommendations for policy reforms around these practices. First explain what (if anything) should have been done differently in the late 1970s, and then explain what reforms should be made now. Your recommendations should be grounded in well-reasoned arguments.
  4. Are trolley problems useful to bioethics? Choose a problem in bioethics that we have discussed during the course and re-construe it in terms of a trolley problem. Then analyze the benefits and/or limitations of using the trolley problem as a framework for ethical analysis of your chosen problem. Then discuss what role (if any) you think such techniques of ethical analysis can/should play in bioethics advice for policymaking, and what are the limitations or problems (if any) with such techniques.
  5. The Belmont Principles, interpreted through Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), are meant to protect human subjects in research. Explain: What are the Belmont principles, where did they come from, and how were the Belmont Principles a response to the research scandals of 1960s and 1970s, especially Tuskegee and the studies discussed by Beecher? Evaluate: How well do the Belmont Principles and the IRB system work to protect human subjects? Select a case drawn from the course (e.g. 23andMe’s research, international pharmaceutical research in places like Poland, India and Uganda, the Hela or Havasupai cases, or human germline genome editing) and analyze it terms of the principles. Then



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