lab help with environmental sciences class

Anonymous
timer Asked: Dec 15th, 2018

Question description

thank you for help. This is a lab assignmentf an environmental sciences class 122. I supposed to do those labs with groups but I wasn't able to. the lab is about " cookie mining"

Cookie Mining Lab Profits, Reserves, Gangue, and Reclamation WHAT TO TURN IN: Graph paper outline of cookies, tables 3, 4, & 5, answers to questions #1-10. Introduction The purpose of the activity is to provide an introduction to the economics of mining. This is accomplished through purchasing land areas and mining equipment, as well as paying for mining operations and reclamation. In return the “miners” receive money for the ore mined. One of the goals is to make as much money as possible. The general definition of ore is a naturally occurring material from which minerals of economic value can be extracted at a profit. The chocolate chip cookie represents land area to be mined. The chocolate chip is the ore. The worthless rock that is associated with the ore and must be separated from the ore is the gangue (pronounced “gang.”) The rest of the cookie is the gangue. Materials: Graph paper, chocolate chip cookies, pencils, electronic balances, toothpicks, paper clips Procedure: Each mining company is responsible for keeping track of all mining costs, which includes cost of cookies, mining equipment rental, mining and reclamation time, and reclamation costs. 1. Cookie mines for sale: Mines and values may vary. Each mining company is expected to purchase and excavate at least TWO cookies. Record cookie brand name in Data Table 1. Chips Ahoy! Chips Deluxe Famous Amos Chunky Chips Ahoy $6.00 $7.00 $7.00 $9.00 2. Following the purchase of a cookie (land area), miners place the cookie on the graph paper and trace the outline of the cookie. Miners then count each square that falls inside the circle. Each partial square counts as a full square. The land area and mass of each mine is recorded in the Table 1. 3. Mining equipment for rental: Record information in Data Table 2. Flat toothpick $3.00 Round toothpick $5.00 Paper clip $6.00 *** If any of the above is returned broken, an extra fee of double the rental price will be charged. Record any damage fees assessed in Table 2. *** No miner may use their fingers to hold the cookie. Any miner who violates this procedure loses the contract entirely. The only items which can touch the cookie are the mining tools and the paper on which the cookie is sitting. *** Someone in the group must record the duration of mining time. 4. Record Mining and Reclamation time costs: at $2.00/min., in Table 1. 5. When mining is completed, count and mass the chips (ore). Record in Table 1. 6. Sale of chocolate chip “ore”: Record information in Table 2. Normal ore (chips) $10 per gram 25 - 50% impurities $5 per gram 50% impurities $1 per gram 7. After the cookie has been mined, the remaining rock (gangue) must be placed back into the circled area on the graph paper. This can only be done using the mining tools. Count up the number of squares covered by the gangue. If the gangue covers more squares than the original cookie, a reclamation cost of $1.00 per extra square will be assessed. Record this information in Table 2. 8. Calculate the profits and enter information in Table 3. GENERAL INFO Data Table 1 COOKIE #1 COOKIE #2 Cookie brand name Cookie area (#squares) Gangue area (#squares) Mass, unmined (g) Mass of ore (g) Data Table 2 Flat toothpick Cookie # 1 2 Round toothpick 1 2 Paper clip 1 2 # equipment pieces used Total rental fees ($) Breakage/damage fees ($) Cookie # 1 2 Mining costs ($) Cookie purchase cost TOTAL MINING FEES Sale of “ore” chips ($) Reclamation costs ($) DATA TABLE 3 Profit = [value of chips – cost of mining] $ ___________ - $ ____________ = $ ___________ Profit after reclamation = [profit – reclamation] $___________ - $ ___________ = $ ___________ QUESTIONS: answered on a separate piece of paper 1) If valuable ore was discovered in a city or town, should a mining company be allowed to harvest the ore? Defend your opinion. 2) How can a mine be beneficial a town or community? How can a mine be detrimental to a town or community? 3) How would a mining company try to restore the land back to its original state after extraction of the ore was completed?? 4) Based upon your calculations, can the landscape be restored to its original topography? Explain why this is or is not possible. 5) Would it be better to mine in a wilderness area than a developed area? State the pros and cons for mining in each area. 6) Were the minerals evenly distributed throughout the cookie mines? Do you think this a good model for a real mine? Why or why not? 7) Did you leave any chips behind in the cookie? Why or why not? 8) Do you think the mining process is faster when you know in advance that the land must be restored? Explain. 9) What changes in your mining technique would have resulted in more profit? 10) Calculate the % ore in your mine. Show all work

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