THE CONTRIBUTION OF PERSECUTION AND MONASTICISM IN THE GROWTH AND SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY IN AFRICA I

Mar 30th, 2015
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The essay contains the definition of monasticism,persecution,the history of monasticism and its development, how monasticism led to the spread of Christianity and etc

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EVALUATE THE CONTRIBUTION OF PERSECUTION AND MONASTICISM IN THE GROWTH AND SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY IN AFRICA IN THE FIRST 6 CENTURIES OF THE CHURCH.DEFINITIONMonasticism: is the devotional practice of individuals who live ascetic and typically cloistered lives that are dedicated to Christian worship. Monasticism originated from a Greek word "monachos". Its original meaning implies "alone, solitary", and later on became what is known today as "celibate, single.Persecution: is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or group of individuals as a response to their religious beliefs or affiliations.History of Monasticism and its developmentMonasticism began in the 3rd and 4th Centuries as a response to laxity within a uniform church, prompting men and women to seek new avenues of faith and worship.Monasticism in early Christianity began in the 3rd Century AD and is attributed to Anthony. Refined by Pachomius and carried to the West by Athanasius, western monasticism found its greatest expression in the leadership of Benedict of Nursia in the early 6th Century. Monasticism stressed an ascetic lifestyle but the emphasis on learning resulted in the long-term preservation of many written works and the establishment of medieval libraries.In earliest Christianity, no Christian appeared to have lived by withdrawn from society and lived a solitary existence or in separate communities. Christian monasticism developed out of asceticism, whereby they practice or train in moral li

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