Jun 27th, 2015
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Nation-state–ideal form consisting of a homogenous group of people governed by their own state.

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FAMILYFunctionalist Perspective1. George Peter Murdock's 4 functions of the family - Sexual (Continuation of society)- Reproductive (Continuation of society)- Economic (Essential for survival)- Educational (Pass on culture to next generation)2. George Peter Murdock's 5 characteristics of the family- Economic cooperation- Adults of both sexes- A child or more either biologically acquired or adopted- Sexual relationship that is socially approved- Common residence3. Talcott Parson's 2 irreducible functions - Socialization of the young- Stabilization of adult personalities- Structural differentiation from Preindustrial to Modern Industrial familyMarxist Perspective1. Friedrich Engels- Origins of family- Solve property inheritence problem2. Eli Zaretsky- Capitalist contributor- Future generation of workers (labour) - Consumers of products of capitalism3. Soviet experiment- Communists encouraged divorce, marriage and abortion as a means to undermine the nuclear family- They believed that the nuclear family promotes capitalism, and wanted to free women to help rebuild the country destroyed by revolution and civil war.Feminist Perspective1. Somerville (Liberal view)- Women do not wish to live without a male partner- Women have more opportunities and choices open now- Greater equality in marriage2. Calhoun (Difference feminism)- Lesbian and gay families are chosen families, just as much family relationships as those of heterosexual couples, but

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