Medical Sociology

Jun 27th, 2015
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Contrasting Ideas about Health and Social Behavior

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Medical SociologyTwelfth EditionWilliam C. CockerhamChapter 1Medical SociologyCopyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.IntroductionWhat do medical sociologists study? Social causes and patterns of health and disease Social behavior of health care personnel and theirpatients Social functions of health organizations andinstitutions Relationship of health care delivery systems to othersocial systemsImportant field of study because: Recognizes the critical role social factors play indetermining or influencing the health of individuals,groups, and the larger society.Copyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.The Development of Medical Sociology Most early works were written by physiciansfocused on the connections between socialconditions and health Early sociologists did not give much attention tomatters of health and medicine Federal funding after WWII gaves sociomedicalresearch a boost Early collaborations with psychiatry (e.g., theHollingshead & Redlich 1958 New Haven study, andthe Srole et al. 1962 Midtown Manhattan study) Funding forces an early emphasis on applied researchCopyright 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.The Development of Medical SociologyTalcott Parsons Publishes The Social System in 1951 First major social theorist to deal with issues ofhealth, illness, and the role of medicine Structural-functionalist perspective

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