OIL AND GAS RESERVOIR ROCKS

Jun 28th, 2015
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One of the most important factors in petroleum and even in the geothermal system is rocks. Rock is a colection of some minerals and mineral was formed from several chemical bonds. Reservoir rocks geneally consists of sedimentary rocks among others sand rocks and carbonate (clastic sediments) and shale rocks (non-clastic rocks) or sometimes volcanic

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OIL AND GAS RESERVOIR ROCKSOne of the most important factors in petroleum and even in the geothermal system is rocks. Rock is a colection of some minerals and mineral was formed from several chemical bonds. Reservoir rocks geneally consists of sedimentary rocks among others sand rocks and carbonate (clastic sediments) and shale rocks (non-clastic rocks) or sometimes volcanic rocks.Substantially all of rocks can be a reservoir rocks when they can store and distribute oil, gas, or others fluid.The rocks that containing oil and gas the position is intermittent with the other rocks that do not contain hydrocarbons. The rocks form a system petroleum (petroleum sequence or petroleum system).a. Carbonate rocksCarbonate rocks is the rock formed from precipitation process, as for the process of formation of carbonate rocks is the chemical sedimentation process and biochemistry the form carbonate, sulfate, silicate, phosphate,etc. All of sedimentation that precipitated in the shallow marine by means of evaporation and collection of organic colloidal from saline and organisms such as bacteria. The sediment organisms is called organic sediment or sedimentary biogenic like as limestone, dolomite, coral, algae, and coal.Teh best depositional environment for the process as well as a hydrocarbon trap in carbonate rocks is carbonate lagoon environment and shelf that experienced a rapid subsidence, then coral reefs associated with the environment and the area of carbonate rocks tu

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