Geolory term paper : The Black Warrior Basin

Jun 28th, 2015
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The Black Warrior Basin, located in Alabama and Mississippi, is a Paleozoic foreland basin bounded by the Alleghanian (on the east and southeast) and Ouachita (on the southwest) thrust belts, and the Nashville Dome (on the north; Thomas, 1976, 1985). The basin extends about 190 miles north to south and 220 miles east to west and covers about 35,000

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GEO 522Sedimentary Basin AnalysisA Brief Proposal of Term PaperThe Black Warrior Basin, located in Alabama and Mississippi, is a Paleozoic foreland basin bounded by the Alleghanian (on the east and southeast) and Ouachita (on the southwest) thrust belts, and the Nashville Dome (on the north; Thomas, 1976, 1985). The basin extends about 190 miles north to south and 220 miles east to west and covers about 35,000 mi2(90,000 km2)area (Hatch and Pawlewicz, 2007).The Black Warrior Basin developed during the Paleozoic construction of Pangaea as collisions occurred on the eastern and southern margins of the Laurentian landmass. The Ouachita Embayment underwent multiple stages of active rifting during the development of the Rheic and Iapetus Oceans as evidenced by the Mississippi Valley Graben and the Birmingham Graben systems (Thomas, 1988; Thomas and Whiting, 1994; Murphy et al., 2006; Groshong et al., 2010). The region continued as a passive margin for 200 million years with an extensive carbonate platform until the Ouachita terrane accretion event occurred in the Late Mississippian. Today, the Ouachita fold and thrust belt stretches from the Alabama Promontory through western Texas, but it has mostly eroded and is buried by Cenozoic sediments of the Gulf Coastal Plain in Alabama and Mississippi (Pashin and Gastaldo, 2009). The Black Warrior Basin is a homocline that dips southwest beneath the Ouachita thrust front (Thomas and Whiting, 1994). The load from the Ouachita thru

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