Structural geology

Jun 28th, 2015
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The study of geologic structures has been of prime importance in economic geology, both petroleum geology and mining geology.[1] Folded and faulted rock strata commonly form traps for the accumulation and concentration of fluids such as petroleum and natural gas.

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Pakistan Structural Geology NotesAxial BeltThe axial belt is a north-south trending mountain belt, comprising of Kirthar Belt (southern part) and Sulaiman belt (northern part) running along the western margin of the Indus plains. This is located along the presently active, western plate margin to the Indian subcontinent. The Axial Belt, is a phenomenal physical expression which have developed in the form of low to medium elevation mountains range (elevation from few tens of meters to about 3000 meters) and hills in the western Pakistan. It has complex set of deformation systems which resulted due to the transpressional deformation since the initial collision of the Indian subcontinent with Eurasia and the Afghan microcontinent and we commonly refer in geological literature as Himalayan Orogeny.Of the role of Axial belt in the petroleum exploration my comments are as follows.Firstly, you need to understand that Axial belt is resulted due to the Himalayan orogeny which had been actively in progress during Eocene to Miocene time and believed to be still in place, have played significant role in oil bearing trap formation and brought in major deformation and uplifting of the preexisting structures and sediments . Throughout the Indus Basin specially in the mountain belts or in the uplifted belts such as Potwar-Kohat Plateau, Himalayan compression has been very effective in the trap building and large surface anticlines.Those large surf

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