Review Question and Answers Chapter 1Q. 1What is engineering geology ?Ans. :Engineering Geology is the application of the geologic sciences to engineering practice for the purpose of assuring that the geologic factors affecting the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognized and adequately provided for. Q. 2State the use of Engineering geology.Ans. : Engineering geologic studies may be performed during the planning, environmental impact analysis, civil engineering design, value engineering and construction phases of public and private works projects and during post-construction phases of projects. Works completed by engineering geologists include geologic hazards, geotechnical, material properties, landslide and slope stability, erosion, flooding, dewatering, and seismic investigations, etc. Q. 3State the importance of geology in civil engineering.Ans. : The role of geology in civil engineering may be briefly outlined as follows : Geology provides a systematic knowledge of construction materials, their structure and properties. The foundation problems of dams, bridges and buildings are directly related with geology of the area where they are to be built. The knowledge of ground water is necessary in connection with excavation works, water supply, irrigation and many other purposes. Q. 4State the branches of geology.Ans. : 1.Physical geology8.Historical geology2.Geomorphology9.Applied geology3.