working of planning_and_control

Jun 28th, 2015
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PROJECT PLANNING AND CONTROL PROJECTS AND MANAGEMENT • Project: series of related jobs usually directed toward some major output and requiring a significant period of time to perform. • Project Management: planning, directing, and controlling resources (people, equipment, material) to meet the technical, cost, and time constraints of the project. - Projects can be vary in size and complexity. - The common factor of all projects is a clearly defined aim and a start and a finish. - Most people have been involved in projects.

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CONTROLLINGpreferred ascoordinatingorevaluatingperformance is measured andcorrective action is taken to ensure theaccomplishment of organization goals.The controlling process opensopportunities for improvement andcomparing performance against setstandard.Why is there a need to conduct Evaluation?It ensures that the quality of care isprovidedTo provide standards for establishingcomparisonsIt promotes visibility for employeesto monitor their own performanceProvides feedback for improvementWhat are the Techniques used inco-ordination? LOCSLeadershipOrderly plansCommunicationSupervisionPrinciples ofControlling1.Critical Few2.Point of Control3.Self-control ordisciplineKinds of ControlPre-action Control personalsupervision and utilizingstandards or procedurePost-action Control correcting deviations fromstandards and plansTools for controlling organizationalperformanceFeed-forward Control- A control that prevents anticipatedproblems before actual occurrence ofthe problem.Concurrent Control- A control that takes place while themonitored activity is in process.Feedback Control- A control that takes placeafter an activity is being done.Model of Control ProcessDesiredPerformanceActualPerformanceComparison ofActualPerformanceagainst StandardsImplementationOfCorrectionProgram ofCorrectiveActionMeasurementof ActualPerformanceAnalysis andcauses ofdeviationsIdentificationof deviati

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