Controlling as a Management Function

Jun 28th, 2015
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Planning is a function that determines in advance what should be done. It consists of selecting the enterprise objectives, policies, programmes, procedures and other means of achieving these objectives. In his planning, the manager must decide which of the alternative plans are to be followed and executed. Planning is intellectual in nature. It is a mental work. It is thinking ahead and preparing for the future. - Theo Haimann

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IntroductionProduction Planning implies formulation, coordination and determination of activities in amanufacturing system necessary for theaccomplishment of desired objectives where asproduction control is the process of maintaining abalance between various activities evolved duringproduction planning providing most effective andefficient utilisation of resources.Scope of PPCLiaison with purchase department for efficient and effectiveprocurement of inputs.Liaison with marketing department to determine the natureand magnitude of output.To plan the layout of the operations indicating in detail theplaces/points in the system where various productionactivities/operations are to be performed.Establishment of time schedules for levels of production bysetting up necessary standards.Ensuring continuous inspection over the quality of goodsmanufactured.Instituting necessary controls to complete the work accordingto schedule.Levels of Production PlanningFactory PlanningProcess PlanningOperation PlanningPlanning and Manufacturing systemsProduction Planning depends on the nature ofmanufacturing systems.Manufacturing SystemsThe manufacturing system is viewed as aninterdependent group of sub-systems, each related toits successor , each performing a different functionthough yet united with other for achievement of theoverall system objectives.Intermittent SystemContinuous SystemManufacturing Sy

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