strategy in call_and_put_options

Jun 28th, 2015
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Strategy: PROTECTIVE CALL / SYNTHETIC LONG PUT This is a strategy wherein an investor has gone short on a stock and buys a call to hedge. An investor shorts a stock and buys an ATM or slightly OTM Call. The net effect of this is that the investor creates a pay-off like a Long Put, but instead of having a net debit (paying premium) for a Long Put, he creates a net credit (receives money on shorting the stock). In case the stock price falls the investor gains in the downward fall in the price. However, incase there is an unexpected rise in the price of the stock the loss is limited. The pay-off from the Long Call will increase thereby compensating for the loss in value of the short stock position. This strategy hedges the upside in the stock position while retaining downside profit potential.

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Strategy: PROTECTIVE CALL / SYNTHETIC LONG PUTThis is a strategy wherein an investor has gone short on a stock and buys a call to hedge. An investor shorts a stock and buys an ATM or slightly OTM Call. The net effect of this is that the investor creates a pay-off like a Long Put, but instead of having a net debit (paying premium) for a Long Put, he creates a net credit (receives money on shorting the stock). In case the stock price falls the investor gains in the downward fall in the price. However, incase there is an unexpected rise in the price of the stock the loss is limited. The pay-off from the Long Call will increase thereby compensating for the loss in value of the short stock position. This strategy hedges the upside in the stock position while retaining downside profit potential.When to Use: If the investor is of the view that the markets will go down (bearish) but wants to protect against any unexpected rise in the price of the stock.Risk: Limited. Maximum Risk is Call Strike Price Stock Price + PremiumReward: Maximum is Stock Price Call PremiumBreakeven: Stock Price Call PremiumExample :Suppose ABC Ltd. is trading at Rs. 4457 in June. An investor Mr. A buys a Rs 4500 call for Rs. 100 while shorting the stock at Rs. 4457. The net credit to the investor is Rs. 4357 (Rs. 4457 Rs. 100).Strategy : Short Stock + Buy Call OptionSells Stock (Mr. A receives)Current Market Price (Rs.)4457Buys Call Strike Price (Rs.) 4500

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