In partial fullfillment in NCM 107n

Jun 29th, 2015
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The diaphysis, or shaft, is the long tubular portion of long bones. It is composed of compact bone tissue. The epiphysis (plural, epiphyses) is the expanded end of a long bone. It is in the epiphyses where red blood cells are formed.

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In partial fullfillment in NCM 107nArea:OPERATING ROOMSubmitted by: Warren Dango SNJPIICDSubmitted to:IntroductionOpen Reduction Internal Fixation(ORIF) involves the implementation of implants to guide the healing process of a bone, as well as the open reduction, or setting, of the bone itself.Openreductionrefers toopen surgeryto setbones, as is necessary for somefractures.Internal fixationrefers to fixation of screws and/or plates, intramedullary bone nails (femur,tibia,humerus) to enable or facilitatehealing. Rigid fixation prevents micro-motion across lines of fracture to enable healing and prevent infection, which happens when implants such as plates (e.g.dynamic compression plate) are used. Open Reduction Internal Fixation techniques are often used in cases involving serious fractures such ascomminutedor displaced fractures or in cases where the bone would otherwise not heal correctly with casting or splinting alone.Risks and complications can include bacterial colonization of the bone,infection,stiffness and loss of range of motion, non-union, mal-union, damage to the muscles, nerve damage and palsy,arthritis,tendonitis, chronicpainassociated with plates, screws, and pins,compartment syndrome,deformity, audible popping and snapping, and possible future surgeries to remove the hardware.Anatomy and physiologyThediaphysis,or shaft, is the long tubular portion of long bones. It is composed of compact bone tissue.Theepiphysis

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