Soft Tissue Wall

Jun 29th, 2015
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Shawnee State University
Course: general
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The connective tissue is edematous and densely infiltrated with plasma cells (approximately 80%) and lymphocytes and a scattering of PMNs. The blood vessels are increased in number, dilated, and engorged.

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Soft Tissue WallThe connective tissue is edematous and densely infiltrated with plasma cells (approximately 80%) and lymphocytes and a scattering of PMNs. The blood vessels are increased in number, dilated, and engorged. The connective tissue exhibits varying degrees of degeneration. Single or multiple necrotic foci are occasionally present. In addition to exudative and degenerative changes, the connective tissue shows proliferation of the endothelial cells, with newly formed capillaries, fibroblasts, and collagen fibers.The junctional epithelium at the base of the pocket is usually much shorter than that of a normal sulcus. Although marked variations are found as to length, width, and condition of the epithelial cells, usually the coronoapical length of the junctional epithelium is reduced to only 50 to 100 m. The cells may be well formed and in good condition or may exhibit slight to marked degeneration. The most severe degenerative changes in the periodontal pocket occur along the lateral wall. The epithelium of the lateral wall of the pocket presents striking proliferative and degenerative changes. Epithelial buds or interlacing cords of epithelial cells project from the lateral wall into the adjacent inflamed connective tissue and frequently extend farther apically than the junctional epithelium. These epithelial projections, as well as the remainder of the lateral epithelium, are densely infiltrated by leukocytes and edema from the inflamed connective tissue. T

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