Deictic Expressions (also called Indexicals)

Jun 29th, 2015
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Members of a social group follow general patterns of behavior, pragmatically appropriate, expected within the group. They also have similar basic knowledge of the world as well as non-linguistic knowledge, so some things are taken for granted.

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Pragmatics The study of language as it is used in a social context, including its effect on the interlocutors. (Intended meaning)Regularity1. Members of a social group follow general patterns of behavior, pragmatically appropriate, expected within the group. They also have similar basic knowledge of the world as well as non-linguistic knowledge, so some things are taken for granted.Deixis"Pointing" via language by means of Deictic Expressions (also called Indexicals):Referring expressions which indicate the location of referents along certain dimensions, using the speaker (and time and place of speaking) as a reference point or deictic centre. They can be used to indicate:People1) Person deixisMe, you, etcLocation2) Spatial deixisHere, there, etc.Time3) Temporal deixisNow, then, etc.Notice: Interpretation depends on the hearer and speaker sharing the same context.According to the context:Proximal terms ("near speakers") This, here, now, etc. Distal terms ("away from speaker")1) Person deixisEach person in a conversation shifts from being "I" to being "you" constantlyChoice of pronouns for first person "I", second person "you", and third person "He/She/It " is described as Social deixis (relationship between speaker and addressee)T/V distinction"T" / UstedUse of 3rd person form where a second form would be possibleTo express distance and non familiarityEg. For ironic or humorous purpose:A person who is very busy in the kitchen addresses another

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