Medicine powerpoints

Jun 29th, 2015
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Kaplan University
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Comprehensive power points in internal medicine, psychiatry, gynecology, etc.

Word Count: 4224
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MALARIALEARNING OBJECTIVES Discuss the infectious and communicabledisease (Malaria); characteristics,epidemiology, pathogenicity and control of thedisease Make a diagnosis and manage a child withmalariaCOURSE OUTLINEDefinitionEtiologyEpidemiologyPathogenesisClinical manifestationsInvestigationsTreatment Uncomplicated & ComplicatedPreventionDefinition Mal aria Bad air A disease caused by a parasite of theplasmodium species.AETIOLOGY Malaria is caused by Plasmodium species(protozoal blood parasites). Five species can infect humans. P vivax P falciparum P malariae P ovale P KnowlesiAETIOLOGY contd P. vivax and P. falciparum together account foralmost 90% of malaria infections globally. P. falciparum, the most virulent form, is thecause of almost all malaria-associated deathsand severe disease. P. vivax and P. ovale cause relapsing disease;relapses occur weeks to months after initialillnessAETIOLOGY contd Plasmodium knowlesi - a species previouslyconfined to monkeys that has been found tocause human disease in Malaysia.- Is sensitive to all antimalarial drugs and canbe treated with chloroquine alone or withother antimalarial drugs.- Has no hepatic hypnozoite stage.Aetiology contd Malaria parasites are highly species specific. No animal reservoir for human malariaparasites Distribution: P. falciparum >90%

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