Cycloalkane and their Stereochemistry

Jun 29th, 2015
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Cis/Trans Isomerization, Stability: The Baeyer Strain Theory, Types of Strains, Conformations

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Naming CycloalkanesFind the parent. # of carbons in the ring.Number the substituentsNaming CycloalkanesFind the parent. # of carbons in the ring.Number the substituentsNaming CycloalkanesFind the parent. # of carbons in the ring.Number the substituentsCis/Trans IsomerizationStrain in CycloalkanesStability of Cycloalkanes: The BaeyerStrain TheoryBaeyer (1885): carbonprefers to have bondangles of approximately109, ring sizes otherthan five and six may betoo strained to existRings from 3 to 30 Csdo exist but are straineddue to bond bendingdistortions and stericinteractionsSummary: Types of StrainAngle strain - expansion or compression of bond angles away from moststableTorsional strain - eclipsing of bonds on neighboring atomsSteric strain - repulsive interactions between nonbonded atoms in closeproximityConformations of CycloalkanesConformations of CyclohexaneDrawing the Axial and EquatorialHydrogensReactions of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

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