GEOLOGY, ITS MAIN BRANCHES, RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER SCIENCES & ROLE IN MINING ENGINEERING

Jun 30th, 2015
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The word Geology derived from the Greek word, Gaia means the earth and logos, science knowledge. Geology is the study of the Earth, the materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials, and the processes acting upon them. It includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet.

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GEOLOGY, ITS MAIN BRANCHES, RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER SCIENCES & ROLE IN MINING ENGINEERINGDefinitionThe word Geology derived from the Greek word, Gaia means the earth and logos, science knowledge.Geology is the study of the Earth, the materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials, and the processes acting upon them. It includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. An important part of geology is the study of how Earth's materials, structures, processes and organisms have changed over timeRelationship with Other Sciences1. Physics: In connection with the structure of earth2. Chemistry: To study the composition of earth3. Biology: In Connection with the evolution of living things4. Astrology: The study the earth's origin, place in solar system and its relation to other universeBranches of Geology1. PHYSICAL GEOLOGYIt is the study of the process and agents which brings about the changes on the earth.2. MINEROLOGYIt is the study of the minerals 3. PETROLOGYIt is the study of the composition, origin, occurrence and types of the Rocks4. GEOMORPHOLOGYThe study of the origin of landforms and their modification by dynamic processes5. OCEANOGRAPHYStudy of the ocean and their basin6. GEOPHYSICSThis branch of geology deals with the application of principle of physics to the study of earth.7. GEOCHMISTRYIt concerned with composition of earth materials and the chemical changes that occur within the earth and on it

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